The University of Bologna in Italy, founded in 1088, is often regarded as the world's oldest university in continuous operation
A teacher of a Latin school and two students, 1487
Harvard University, founded in 1636, is the oldest university in the United States and is routinely ranked among the world's best universities
A teacher interacts with older students at a school in New Zealand
Moroccan higher-learning institution Al-Qarawiyin (founded in 859 A.D.) was transformed into a university under the supervision of the ministry of education in 1963.
A primary school teacher on a picnic with her students, Colombia, 2014
Meeting of doctors at the University of Paris. From a medieval manuscript.
Dutch schoolmaster and children, 1662
The University of Oxford is the oldest university in the United Kingdom and among the world's top ranked
A primary school teacher in northern Laos
The University of St Andrews, founded in 1410, is Scotland's oldest university and one of the UK's best ranked universities.
The teacher-student-monument in Rostock, Germany, honors teachers
Old main building of the University of Basel—Switzerland's oldest university (1460). The university is among the birthplaces of Renaissance humanism
GDR "village teacher", a teacher teaching students of all age groups in one class in 1951
17th-century classroom at the University of Salamanca
Jewish children with their teacher in Samarkand, the beginning of the 20th century.
King's College London, established by Royal Charter having been founded by King George IV and Duke of Wellington in 1829, is one of the founding colleges of the University of London.
Medieval schoolboy birched on the bare buttocks
Peking University in Beijing was founded as the Imperial University of Peking
Teacher and pupils in liberated Guinea-Bissau, 1974.
The University of Sydney is Australia's oldest university.
Math and physics teacher at a junior college in Sweden, in the 1960s
The University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia in the United States was founded in 1819 by American founding father Thomas Jefferson
Schoolmarm, a figurine by Royal Doulton
Students of a U.S. university with their professor on the far right, 2009

At the time of the emergence of urban town life and medieval guilds, specialized "associations of students and teachers with collective legal rights usually guaranteed by charters issued by princes, prelates, or the towns in which they were located" came to be denominated by this general term.

- University

In many countries, a person who wishes to become a teacher must first obtain specified professional qualifications or credentials from a university or college.

- Teacher
The University of Bologna in Italy, founded in 1088, is often regarded as the world's oldest university in continuous operation

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Young children in a kindergarten in Japan

Education

Purposeful activity directed at achieving certain aims, such as transmitting knowledge or fostering skills and character traits.

Purposeful activity directed at achieving certain aims, such as transmitting knowledge or fostering skills and character traits.

Young children in a kindergarten in Japan
Nepali village school students
A high-school senior (twelfth grade) classrooms in Calhan, Colorado, United States
Students in a laboratory, Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University
Universities often host prominent guest speakers for student audiences, e.g. First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama delivering remarks at Peking University, Beijing, China
Carpentry is normally learned through apprenticeship with an experienced carpenter.
Teaching indigenous knowledge, models, and methods in Yanyuan County, Sichuan, China
A volunteer reads aloud to children in Laos.
Children computing by David Shankbone
Beijing Normal University, which is governed directly by the Chinese Ministry of Education, is an example of collaboration between different entities in the education sector.
Historical Madrasah in Baku, Azerbaijan
Nalanda, ancient centre for higher learning
Plato's academy, mosaic from Pompeii
Matteo Ricci (left) and Xu Guangqi (right) in the Chinese edition of Euclid's Elements published in 1607
World map indicating Education Index (according to 2007/2008 Human Development Report)
The OLPC laptop being introduced to children in Haiti
A class size experiment in the United States found that attending small classes for three or more years in the early grades increased high school graduation rates of students from low income families.
Knowledge Day in Donetsk, Ukraine, 2013
John Locke's work Some Thoughts Concerning Education was written in 1693 and still reflects traditional education priorities in the Western world.
Computer-supported group learning

Formal education takes place in education and training institutions, is usually structured by curricular aims and objectives, and learning is typically guided by a teacher.

It spans the period between the typically universal compulsory, primary education to the optional, selective tertiary, "postsecondary", or "higher" education of ISCED 5 and 6 (e.g. university), and the ISCED 4 Further education or vocational school.