Technology

technologiestechnologicaltechnicaltechnologisttechmodern technologytechnologicallytechnological developmenttechnological powertechnique
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia ) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.wikipedia
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Economic globalization

global economycorporate globalizationglobalization
It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class.
Economic globalization refers to the widespread international movement of goods, capital, services, technology and information.

Economy

economiceconomiesnational economy
It has helped develop more advanced economies (including today's global economy) and has allowed the rise of a leisure class.
It has changed over time due to technology (automation, accelerator of process, reduction of cost functions), innovation (new products, services, processes, expanding markets, diversification of markets, niche markets, increases revenue functions) such as, that which produces intellectual property and changes in industrial relations (most notably child labor being replaced in some parts of the world with universal access to education).

Neo-Luddism

neo-Ludditeanti-technologyNeo-Luddites
Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.
Neo-Luddism or new Luddism is a philosophy opposing many forms of modern technology.

Applied science

applied researchApplied Sciencesapplied
Scientists and engineers usually prefer to define technology as applied science, rather than as the things that people make and use.
Applied science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.

Anarcho-primitivism

anarcho-primitivistanarcho-primitivistsprimitivist
Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition.
Anarcho-primitivists advocate a return of non-"civilized" ways of life through deindustrialization, abolition of the division of labor or specialization, and abandonment of large-scale organization technologies.

Communication

communicationsSocial Communicationcommunicate
Developments in historic times, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact freely on a global scale.

Ethics of technology

Technoethicsethicaltechnology ethicist
Innovations have always influenced the values of a society and raised new questions in the ethics of technology.

High tech

high-techhigh technologyhi-tech
The term is often used to imply a specific field of technology, or to refer to high technology or just consumer electronics, rather than technology as a whole.
High technology, or high tech (sometimes also called frontier technology or frontier tech), is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.

Prehistory

prehistoricprehistoric timesprehistorian
The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment.
The Mesolithic, or Middle Stone Age (from the Greek mesos, 'middle', and lithos, 'stone'), was a period in the development of human technology between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age.

Bioethics

bioethicistbioethicalbiomedical ethics
Examples include the rise of the notion of efficiency in terms of human productivity, and the challenges of bioethics.
Some bioethicists would narrow ethical evaluation only to the morality of medical treatments or technological innovations, and the timing of medical treatment of humans.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalize some aspects of technological endeavor.
In contrast, trying to use knowledge of nature to imitate nature (artifice or technology, Greek technē) was seen by classical scientists as a more appropriate interest for artisans of lower social class.

Wheel

wheelsroadwheelswheeled
The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, and the invention of the wheel helped humans to travel in and control their environment.
The invention of the wheel has also been important for technology in general, important applications including the water wheel, the cogwheel (see also antikythera mechanism), the spinning wheel, and the astrolabe or torquetum.

Usability

user-friendlyease of useuser friendly
Technologies are not usually exclusively products of science, because they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, and safety.
This has made usability more popular and widely recognized in recent years, as companies see the benefits of researching and developing their products with user-oriented methods instead of technology-oriented methods.

Industrial arts

shopmanual artsshop class
By the 1930s, "technology" referred not only to the study of the industrial arts but to the industrial arts themselves.
The term now describes a key study of technology that focuses on both engineering and industrial technologies.

Medieval technology

Medievaleconomic self-sufficiencymedieval era technology
Medieval technology saw the use of simple machines (such as the lever, the screw, and the pulley) being combined to form more complicated tools, such as the wheelbarrow, windmills and clocks.
The period saw major technological advances, including the adoption of gunpowder, the invention of vertical windmills, spectacles, mechanical clocks, and greatly improved water mills, building techniques (Gothic architecture, medieval castles), and agriculture in general (three-field crop rotation).

Thorstein Veblen

Thorstein Bunde VeblenThorsten VeblenVeblen
The term's meanings changed in the early 20th century when American social scientists, beginning with Thorstein Veblen, translated ideas from the German concept of Technik into "technology."
To Veblen, institutions determine how technologies are used.

Division of labour

division of laborspecializationspecialised
With this increase in population and availability of labor came an increase in labor specialization.
Smith's insight suggests that the huge increases in productivity obtainable from technology or technological progress are possible because human and physical capital are matched, usually in an organization.

-logy

-logia-ologylogy
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia ) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.
Per metonymy, words ending in -logy are sometimes used to describe a subject rather than the study of it (e.g. technology).

Metallurgy

metallurgistmetallurgicalMetallurgical Engineering
Starting in the United Kingdom in the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution was a period of great technological discovery, particularly in the areas of agriculture, manufacturing, mining, metallurgy, and transport, driven by the discovery of steam power.
Metallurgy is used to separate metals from their ore. Metallurgy is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to the production of metals, and the engineering of metal components for usage in products for consumers and manufacturers.

List of art media

mediamediumart materials
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia ) is the sum of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific investigation.
The use of technical products as an art medium is a merging of applied art and science, that may involve aesthetics, efficiency and ergonomics using various materials.

Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
Scientific advancement and the discovery of new concepts later allowed for powered flight and advancements in medicine, chemistry, physics, and engineering.
Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies.

Human condition

humanityhuman experiencethe human condition
Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and similar reactionary movements criticize the pervasiveness of technology, arguing that it harms the environment and alienates people; proponents of ideologies such as transhumanism and techno-progressivism view continued technological progress as beneficial to society and the human condition. Philosophical debates have arisen over the use of technology, with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it.
This has provided a basis for new beliefs, e.g. social Darwinism, and for new technology, e.g. antibiotics.

Telecommunication

telecommunicationscommunicationstelecom
Humans have also been able to explore space with satellites (later used for telecommunication) and in manned missions going all the way to the moon.
Telecommunication occurs when the exchange of information between communication participants includes the use of technology.

Martin Heidegger

HeideggerHeideggerianHeidegger, Martin
Many, such as the Luddites and prominent philosopher Martin Heidegger, hold serious, although not entirely, deterministic reservations about technology (see "The Question Concerning Technology" ).
Heidegger's later work includes criticisms of technology's instrumentalist understanding in the Western tradition as "enframing", treating all of Nature as a "standing reserve" on call for human purposes.

Engineering

engineerengineersengineered
As a cultural activity, technology predates both science and engineering, each of which formalize some aspects of technological endeavor. Scientific advancement and the discovery of new concepts later allowed for powered flight and advancements in medicine, chemistry, physics, and engineering.
Medicine aims to sustain, repair, enhance and even replace functions of the human body, if necessary, through the use of technology.