Tehuelche language

Selk'nam hunters

One of the Chonan languages of Patagonia.

- Tehuelche language

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Chonan languages

The Chonan languages are a family of indigenous American languages which were spoken in Tierra del Fuego and Patagonia.

Selk'nam hunters

Two Chon languages are well attested: Selk'nam (or Ona), spoken by the people of the same name who occupied territory in the northeast of Tierra del Fuego; and Tehuelche spoken by the people of the same name who occupied territory north of Tierra del Fuego.

Selk'nam people

Indigenous people in the Patagonian region of southern Argentina and Chile, including the Tierra del Fuego islands.

Selknam children, 1898
Distribution of the pre-Hispanic people in the Southern Patagonia
Selknam people in 1930
Julius Popper during a manhunt of the Ona people. In the late 19th century estancieros and gold prospectors launched a campaign of extermination against the indigenous peoples of Tierra del Fuego.
The Selknam with clothes
Bow and arrows

He included a comparative list of 150 Ona-Tehuelche words, as he believed that there were connections to the Tehuelche people and language to the north.

Teushen language

Indigenous language of Argentina, which may be extinct.

Pygmy hunter-gatherers in the Congo Basin in August 2014

The language is thought to be related to the Selk'nam, Puelche, and Tehuelche languages.


Syllabic speech sound pronounced without any stricture in the vocal tract.

X-rays of Daniel Jones'.
The original vowel quadrilateral, from Jones' articulation. The vowel trapezoid of the modern IPA, and at the top of this article, is a simplified rendition of this diagram. The bullets are the cardinal vowel points. (A parallel diagram covers the front and central rounded and back unrounded vowels.) The cells indicate the ranges of articulation that could reasonably be transcribed with those cardinal vowel letters,, and non-cardinal . If a language distinguishes fewer than these vowel qualities, could be merged to, to ,  to , etc. If a language distinguishes more,  could be added where the ranges of  intersect,  where  intersect, and  where  intersect.
Idealistic tongue positions of cardinal front vowels with highest point indicated.
Front, raised and retracted are the three articulatory dimensions of vowel space. Open and close refer to the jaw, not the tongue.
Spectrogram of vowels . is a low vowel, so its F1 value is higher than that of and, which are high vowels.  is a front vowel, so its F2 is substantially higher than that of  and, which are back vowels.

is also extremely common, though Tehuelche has just the vowels with no close vowels.


Selk'nam hunters

Orretherium (meaning "Five teeth beast"; in part from the Aonikenk language) is a genus of mesungulatid mammal that lived in South America (Chile) during the Late Cretaceous period in what is now the Dorotea Formation.

Chubut Province

Province in southern Argentina, situated between the 42nd parallel south (the border with Río Negro Province), the 46th parallel south (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east.

Argentine Geological Society founder Dr. Victorio Angelelli (2nd from right), ca. 1950, whose study of Chubut's mineral wealth identified resources for economic development.
Government House.
Köppen climate map of Chubut, Argentina
Cholila Lake.
Los Altares.
The town of Esquel.
Rada Tilly, on the Atlantic Ocean.
Southern right whale in Península Valdés, its preferred sanctuary.
Departments of the Province of Chubut.

The province's name derives from the Tehuelche word chupat, meaning "transparent," their description of the Chubut River.

Gaiman Formation

Fossiliferous geologic formation of the Peninsula Valdés Basin in the eastern Chubut Province of northwestern Patagonia, eastern Argentina.

Outcrop map and stratigraphic column of the Gaiman Formation in the Peninsula Valdes Basin
Fossils of the Gaiman Formation in the Bryn Gwyn Paleontological Park

Gaiman in the local language of the native Tehuelche people means "rocky point".

Classification of indigenous languages of the Americas

List of different language classification proposals developed for the indigenous languages of the Americas.

Pre-contact distribution of North American language families north of Mexico
The indigenous languages of Mexico that have more than 100,000 speakers
The Chibchan languages

Chonan (Tewelche, Tehuelche), Ona

Index of language articles

Partial index of Wikipedia articles treating natural languages, arranged alphabetically and with families mentioned.

Languages with at least 50 million first-language speakers, millions (according to: Ethnologue )

Tehuelche or Aonikenk ||Chon

Ejective consonant

In phonetics, ejective consonants are usually voiceless consonants that are pronounced with a glottalic egressive airstream.

A top-down view of the larynx.

Puelche and Tehuelche of the Chonan languages