Telemedicinewikipedia
Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technology to provide clinical health care from a distance.
telemedicinetele-medicinetele-medical, diagnostictele-medicale-medicinetelerehabilitationTelemedicine systemNon-face-to-face physician servicestelemedical servicestreating patients using telecommunication

Videotelephony

videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
Early forms of telemedicine achieved with telephone and radio have been supplemented with videotelephony, advanced diagnostic methods supported by distributed client/server applications, and additionally with telemedical devices to support in-home care. As of 2014, the most commonly used mediums are webcams, videoconferencing, phone lines, videophones and webpages containing rich Internet applications.
Although not as widely used in everyday communications as audio-only and text communication, useful applications include sign language transmission for deaf and speech-impaired people, distance education, telemedicine, and overcoming mobility issues.

Teledermatology

teledermatology
There is also a concern that telemedicine may actually decrease time efficiency due to the difficulties of assessing and treating patients through virtual interactions; for example, it has been estimated that a teledermatology consultation can take up to thirty minutes, whereas fifteen minutes is typical for a traditional consultation.
Teledermatology is a subspecialty in the medical field of dermatology and probably one of the most common applications of telemedicine and e-health.

Grand Rounds, Inc.

Grand Rounds
Companies such as Grand Rounds offer remote access to specialty care.
Grand Rounds is a healthcare company that connects patients with local and remote specialty care.

EHealth

eHealthe-healthcybermedicine
For developing countries, telemedicine and eHealth can be the only means of healthcare provision in remote areas.
It is the successor to telemedicine, wherein doctors would consult and treat patients remotely via telephone or fax.

Connected health

connected health
Connected health has its roots in telemedicine, and its more recent relative, telehealth.

Teladoc

In the United States, the major companies offering primary care for non-acute illnesses include Teladoc, American Well, and PlushCare.
However, United States Department of Health and Human Services states that the term telehealth covers a broader range including "non-clinical services, such as provider training, administrative meetings, and continuing medical education" and that the term telemedicine means "remote clinical services".

Telenursing

telenursingtelephone triagetelemonitoring
As a field, it is part of telehealth and telemedicine, and has many points of contacts with other medical and non-medical applications, such as telediagnosis, teleconsultation, and telemonitoring.

Telecare

telecaretelehealth
Telecare is specifically different from telemedicine and telehealth.

Ontario Telemedicine Network

The Ontario Telemedicine Network (OTN) is one of the largest telemedicine networks in the world.

Telerehabilitation

telerehabilitationrehabilitativetelemedical
Currently videotelephony is particularly useful to the deaf and speech-impaired who can use them with sign language and also with a video relay service, and well as to those with mobility issues or those who are located in distant places and are in need of telemedical or tele-educational services.
He provided a comprehensive history of telecommunications, the internet and telemedicine since the 1950s.

Veterans Health Administration

VA HospitalVAVA Medical Center
NIDRR's grantees include the "Rehabilitation Engineering and Research Center" (RERC) at the University of Pittsburgh, the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, the State University of New York at Buffalo, and the National Rehabilitation Hospital in Washington DC. Other federal funders of research are the Veterans Health Administration, the Health Services Research Administration in the US Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Defense.
The VHA has also adopted Boston University's Project RED program, designed to improve the discharge process for veterans in hopes that, by educating patients, the VHA will experience a reduced number of readmission among veterans and provide more information on telerehabilitation.

Medical diagnosis

diagnosismedical diagnosisdiagnostic
Early forms of telemedicine achieved with telephone and radio have been supplemented with videotelephony, advanced diagnostic methods supported by distributed client/server applications, and additionally with telemedical devices to support in-home care.

Medical imaging

medical imagingimagingdiagnostic imaging
These technologies permit communications between patient and medical staff with both convenience and fidelity, as well as the transmission of medical, imaging and health informatics data from one site to another.
Used primarily in ultrasound imaging, capturing the image produced by a medical imaging device is required for archiving and telemedicine applications.

American Telemedicine Association

The American Telemedicine Association (ATA), established in 1993, is a non-profit organization whose goal is to promote access to medical care for consumers and health professionals via telecommunications technology (alternatively referred to as telemedicine, telehealth or eHealth).

Mobile collaboration

mobile collaboration
Recent developments in mobile collaboration technology can allow healthcare professionals in multiple locations to share information and discuss patient issues as if they were in the same place.
Although telemedicine technology has been in use for a number of years in the healthcare sector, mobile collaboration technology extends these capabilities to locations now reachable through the use of hand-held devices such as a remote community, long-term care facility, or a patient’s home.

UNESCO Chair in Telemedicine

The Chair is the first UNESCO Telemedicine Chair, and his activity is related with development and diffusion of Telemedicine and Information Society in Health Care in developing areas and undeveloped countries particularly South-America and Africa.

Telehealth

telehealthmedical data acquisitiontelehealth service
The American Telemedicine Association uses the terms telemedicine and telehealth interchangeably, although it acknowledges that telehealth is sometimes used more broadly for remote health not involving active clinical treatments.

Stethoscope

stethoscopestethoscopeselectronic stethoscope
In addition, electronic stethoscopes can be used as recording devices, which is helpful for purposes of telecardiology.
All of these features are helpful for purposes of telemedicine (remote diagnosis) and teaching.

Electronic consultation

electronic consultationEConsult
Electronic consultations are possible through interactive telemedicine services which provide real-time interactions between patient and provider.

Médecins Sans Frontières

Doctors Without BordersMSFMédecins Sans Frontières
In 2014, the government of Luxembourg, along with satellite operator, SES and NGOs, Archemed, Fondation Follereau, Friendship Luxembourg, German Doctors and Médecins Sans Frontières, established SATMED, a multilayer eHealth platform to improve public health in remote areas of emerging and developing countries, using the Emergency.lu disaster relief satellite platform and the Astra 2G TV satellite.
In 2014 MSF partnered with satellite operator SES, other NGOs Archemed, Fondation Follereau, Friendship Luxembourg and German Doctors, and the Luxembourg government in the pilot phase of SATMED, a project to use satellite broadband technology to bring eHealth and telemedicine to isolated areas of developing countries.

Webcam

webcamwebcamsweb camera
As of 2014, the most commonly used mediums are webcams, videoconferencing, phone lines, videophones and webpages containing rich Internet applications.
Typical use of the various technologies described above include calling or conferencing on a one-on-one, one-to-many or many-to-many basis for personal, business, educational, deaf Video Relay Service and tele-medical, diagnostic and rehabilitative use or services.

Remote dispensing

medication dispensing devices
Remote dispensing of medications by automated packaging and labeling systems can also be thought of as an instance of telepharmacy.

Intensive care unit

intensive care unitICUintensive-care unit
Telemedicine for intensive care unit (ICU) rounds: Telemedicine is also being used in some trauma ICUs to reduce the spread of infections.
Some hospitals have installed teleconferencing systems that allow doctors and nurses at a central facility (either in the same building, at a central location serving several local hospitals, or in rural locations another more urban facility) to collaborate with on-site staff and speak with patients (a form of telemedicine).

MHealth

mHealthmobile healthm-health
Although far from ubiquitous, the spread of smartphone technologies opens up doors for mHealth projects such as technology-based diagnosis support, remote diagnostics and telemedicine, web browsing, GPS navigation, access to web-based patient information, post-visit patient surveillance, and decentralized health management information systems (HMIS).

Video relay service

video relay servicesponsored video relay servicesdeaf Video Relay Service
Currently videotelephony is particularly useful to the deaf and speech-impaired who can use them with sign language and also with a video relay service, and well as to those with mobility issues or those who are located in distant places and are in need of telemedical or tele-educational services.
Typical use of the various technologies described above include calling or conferencing on a one-on-one, one-to-many or many-to-many basis for personal, business, educational, deaf video relay service and tele-medical, diagnostic and rehabilitative use or services.