Telephone tapping

wiretapwiretappingwiretapstappedwire tapwiretappedphone tappingwire-tappingphone taptapping
Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.wikipedia
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Telephone recording laws

anti-wiretapping lawlaw against tapingtelephone voice recording
The telephone recording laws in most U.S. states require only one party to be aware of the recording, while 12 states require both parties to be aware.
Recording of private conversations by government or law enforcement (wiretapping) are usually covered by distinct laws.

Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act

CALEACommunications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA)Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act of 1992
In the U.S., telecommunications carriers are required by law to cooperate in the interception of communications for law enforcement purposes under the terms of Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA).
The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA), also known as the "Digital Telephony Act," is a United States wiretapping law passed in 1994, during the presidency of Bill Clinton (Pub.

Surveillance

electronic surveillancestakeoutmonitoring
Mobile phones are, in surveillance terms, a major liability.
In response to customers' privacy concerns in the post Edward Snowden era, Apple's iPhone 6 has been designed to disrupt investigative wiretapping efforts.

Pen register

DNRPen Register ActPen Registers
This information used to be collected using special equipment known as pen registers and trap and trace devices and U.S. law still refers to it under those names.
It overturned Olmstead v. United States (1928) and held that warrantless wiretaps were unconstitutional searches, because there was a reasonable expectation that the communication would be private.

Telephone

phonetelephonesLocal Telephone Service
Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.
Telephone tapping

IMSI-catcher

IMSI catchersIMSI number catchers
To the mobile phones in its vicinity, a device called an "IMSI-catcher" pretends to be a legitimate base station of the mobile phone network, thus subjecting the communication between the phone and the network to a man-in-the-middle attack.
An international mobile subscriber identity-catcher, or IMSI-catcher, is a telephone eavesdropping device used for intercepting mobile phone traffic and tracking location data of mobile phone users.

Peter Garza

In 1995, Peter Garza, a Special Agent with the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, conducted the first court-ordered Internet wiretap in the United States while investigating Julio Cesar Ardita (" El Griton").
As a Special Agent with the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, Peter Garza conducted the first court-ordered Internet wiretap in the United States while investigating the Julio Cesar Ardita ("El Griton") hacking case.

United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance CourtFISA courtFISC
In the United States, under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, federal intelligence agencies can get approval for wiretaps from the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, a court with secret proceedings, or in certain circumstances from the Attorney General without a court order.
That warrant orders Verizon Business Network Services to provide a daily feed to the NSA containing "telephony metadata" – comprehensive call detail records, including location data – about all calls in its system, including those that occur "wholly within the United States, including local telephone calls".

Secure telephone

secure phonesecure telephony
There is no defense against IMSI-catcher based eavesdropping, except using end-to-end call encryption; products offering this feature, secure telephones, are already beginning to appear on the market, though they tend to be expensive and incompatible with each other, which limits their proliferation.
Concerns about massive growth of telephone tapping incidents led to growing demand for secure telephones.

Beige box (phreaking)

beige boxbeige boxing
The conversation may be monitored (listened to or recorded) covertly by a third party by using an induction coil or a direct electrical connection to the line using a beige box.
Although wiretaps go back to the very beginning of telephony, the term "Beige Boxing" has become the generic term for illegally connecting to a phone line.

Naval Criminal Investigative Service

NCISNaval Investigative ServiceDirector of the Naval Criminal Investigative Service
In 1995, Peter Garza, a Special Agent with the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, conducted the first court-ordered Internet wiretap in the United States while investigating Julio Cesar Ardita (" El Griton").
NCIS Special Agent Peter Garza conducted the first court-ordered Internet wiretap in the United States.

Greek wiretapping case 2004–05

In the Greek telephone tapping case 2004–2005 more than 100 mobile phone numbers belonging mostly to members of the Greek government, including the Prime Minister of Greece, and top-ranking civil servants were found to have been illegally tapped for a period of at least one year.
The Greek wiretapping case of 2004-2005, also referred to as Greek Watergate, involved the illegal tapping of more than 100 mobile phones on the Vodafone Greece network belonging mostly to members of the Greek government and top-ranking civil servants.

Call-recording software

call recording softwarecall recordingcall may be recorded
One of the parties may record the conversation, either on a tape or solid-state recording device, or on a computer running call recording software.
Telephone tapping

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBIF.B.I.FBI Special Agent
On October 19, 1963, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who served under John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, authorized the FBI to begin wiretapping the communications of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Hoover began using wiretapping in the 1920s during Prohibition to arrest bootleggers.

Optical fiber

fiber opticfiber opticsfibre optic
In the 1970s, optical fibers become a medium for telecommunications.
Wiretapping (in this case, fiber tapping) is more difficult compared to electrical connections, and there are concentric dual-core fibers that are said to be tap-proof.

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther KingMartin Luther King, Jr.Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
On October 19, 1963, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, who served under John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, authorized the FBI to begin wiretapping the communications of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The FBI was under written directive from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy when it began tapping King's telephone line in the fall of 1963.

Telephone tapping in the Eastern Bloc

phone buggingphone bugging systemwere tapped
Telephone tapping in the Eastern Bloc
Telephone tapping in the countries of the Eastern Bloc was a widespread method of the mass surveillance of the population by the secret police.

Phone hacking

voicemail hackinghacked into her mobile phonehacking
Phone hacking
When the unauthorized access is to the phone user's conversation, it is more commonly referred to as phone tapping.

Coil tap

coil splitCoil tapstapped
using an inductive coil tap (telephone pickup coil) attached to the handset or near the base of the telephone;
See Telephone tapping.

Timing advance

technical limitations
It is also possible to get greater resolution of a phone's location by combining information from a number of cells surrounding the location, which cells routinely communicate (to agree on the next handoff—for a moving phone) and measuring the timing advance, a correction for the speed of light in the GSM standard.
Timing Advance is significant for privacy and communications security, as its combination with other variables can allow GSM localization to find the device's position and track the mobile phone user.

Roy Olmstead

Telephone wiretapping began in the 1890s, following the invention of the telephone recorder, and its constitutionality was established in the Prohibition-Era conviction of bootlegger Roy Olmstead.
Largely on the basis of evidence obtained through police wiretapping of his telephone, Olmstead was arrested and tried for conspiracy to violate the National Prohibition Act.

VoIP recording

As technologies emerge, including VoIP, new questions are raised about law enforcement access to communications (see VoIP recording).
Telephone tapping

Covert listening device

buggedbugbugging
Covert listening device
Electronic bugging devices were found in March 2003 at offices used by French and German delegations at the European Union headquarters in Brussels. Devices were also discovered at offices used by other delegations. The discovery of the telephone tapping systems was first reported by Le Figaro newspaper, which blamed the US.

Mass surveillance

surveillance statesurveillance societysurveillance
Mass surveillance
The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA) requires that all U.S. telecommunications and Internet service providers modify their networks to allow easy wiretapping of telephone, VoIP, and broadband Internet traffic.

American English

EnglishAmericanEnglish-language
Telephone tapping (also wire tapping or wiretapping in American English) is the monitoring of telephone and Internet conversations by a third party, often by covert means.