immersiontelepresence systemtelepresence technologyby televisioninteractlivePresenceremote controlremote-presenceremotely
Telepresence refers to a set of technologies which allow a person to feel as if they were present, to give the appearance of being present, or to have an effect, via telerobotics, at a place other than their true location.wikipedia
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videoconferencingvideo conferencingvideo chat
A popular application is found in telepresence videoconferencing, the highest possible level of videotelephony.
Telepresence may refer either to a high-quality videotelephony system (where the goal is to create the illusion that remote participants are in the same room) or to meetup technology, which goes beyond video into robotics (such as moving around the room or physically manipulating objects).


teleroboticremote handlingteleoperator
Telepresence refers to a set of technologies which allow a person to feel as if they were present, to give the appearance of being present, or to have an effect, via telerobotics, at a place other than their true location.
It is a combination of two major subfields, teleoperation and telepresence.

Mobile collaboration

Technical advancements in mobile collaboration have also extended the capabilities of videoconferencing beyond the boardroom for use with hand-held mobile devices, enabling collaboration independent of location.
The scope of mobile collaboration takes into account a number of elements that continue to evolve in their sophistication and complexity: video, audio and telestration capabilities, conferencing and telepresence systems, collaboration tools, transmission technologies, and mobility.


remote controlledteleoperatedremote control
This ability is also known as teleoperation.
This is as opposed to telepresence which is a less standard term and might refer to a whole range of existence or interaction that include a remote connotation.

Pipeline video inspection

pipeline camera firmsvideo inspection
Small diameter pipes otherwise inaccessible for examination can now be viewed using pipeline video inspection.
Pipeline video inspection is a form of telepresence used to visually inspect the interiors of pipelines, plumbing systems, and storm drains.

Immersion (virtual reality)

immersiveimmersionimmersive virtual reality
The main functional difference is the entity on the other end: a real environment in the case of telepresence, vs. a computer in the case of immersive virtual reality.
Presence, a term derived from the shortening of the original "telepresence", is a phenomenon enabling people to interact with and feel connected to the world outside their physical bodies via technology.

Ghislaine Boddington

From 1997 to the present Ghislaine Boddington of shinkansen and body>data>space has explored, in a collaboration process she has called The Weave using performing arts techniques, the extended use of telepresence into festivals, arts centres and clubs and has directed numerous workshops leading to exploration of telepresence by many artists worldwide.
Coming from a performing arts background, she has focused on the blending of the virtual and physical body through converging telepresence, sensors, motion capture, wearables, gesture interfaces, biofeedback, robotics, virtual worlds and mixed realities into experiential environments.

Waldo (short story)

WaldoWaldo" (short story)Waldo (Heinlein)
In his science fiction short story "Waldo" (1942), Heinlein first proposed a primitive telepresence master-slave manipulator system.

Media space

advertising space
Its final report stated that it "...was a three year, $4.8 million pre-competitive research project whose mandate was to design and field trial advanced media space systems in a variety of workplaces in order to gain insights into key sociological and engineering issues. The OTP, which ended in December 1994, was part of the International Telepresence Project which linked Ontario researchers to their counterparts in four European nations. The Project’s major sponsor was the Province of Ontario, through two of its Centres of Excellence—the Information Technology Research Centre (ITRC) and the Telecommunications Research Institute of Ontario (TRIO)."
These employed live and recorded audio and video, video and audio switching, networked workstations and servers, and inter-site network connection, in order to provide for a form of telepresence within offices and work areas at the two sites.

Avatar (2009 film)

AvatarAvatar (2009)Avatar'' (2009 film)
Avatar (2009)
The film's title refers to a genetically engineered Na'vi body operated from the brain of a remotely located human that is used to interact with the natives of Pandora.

Virtual fixture

Virtual Fixtures
One of the first systems to create a fully immersive illusion of presence in a remote location was the Virtual Fixtures platform developed in 1992 at the U.S. Air Force, Armstrong Labs by inventor Louis Rosenberg.
Such illegal commands could easily be sent by an operator because of, for instance, delays in the teleoperation loop, poor telepresence or a number of other reasons.


* The Naked Sun (1957) – a novel mostly occurring on Solaria, a planet with an extremely low population where all personal contact is considered obscene, and all communication occurs through holographic telepresence.
All other contact was accomplished by sophisticated telepresence systems ("viewing"), with most Solarians exhibiting a strong phobia towards actual contact, or even being in the same room as another human ("seeing").

Virtual reality

Telepresence refers to a user interacting with another live, real place, and is distinct from virtual presence, where the user is given the impression of being in a simulated environment.
In robotics, virtual reality has been used to control robots in telepresence and telerobotic systems.

American Skyper

last season left off
Modern Family (Episode 144, "American Skyper" – May 2015)
The family is gathered at Jay (Ed O'Neill) and Gloria's (Sofia Vergara) house to celebrate Alex's (Ariel Winter) high school graduation except for Phil (Ty Burrell), who is in Seattle and joins them via a telepresence robot.

Oliver Grau

Grau, Oliver
Oliver Grau: Virtual Art: From Illusion to Immersion, MIT-Press, Cambridge 2003 ISBN: 0-262-57223-0
His main research is in the history of media art, immersion (virtual reality), and emotions, as well as the history, idea and culture of telepresence and artificial life.


teleconferencingconferencingTeleconferencing systems
Recently, teleconferencing has been used in medicine (telemedicine or telematics), mainly employing audio-visual exchange, for the performance of real time remote surgical operations – as demonstrated in Regensburg, Germany in 2002.

Ex Mach Tina

Bob's Burgers (Episode 115, "Ex Mach Tina" – January 2017)
Guidance counselor Mr. Frond tells her that a company is looking to test a remote-presence robot, so she can use it to attend classes while recovering at home.

The Surrogates

of the same namecomic book of the same namecomic book series of the same name
The Surrogates, a 2005–2006 comic book series, inspired the film Surrogates (2009) and explains about a future where humans have a widespread use of mind-controlled androids.
In the year 2054, people use surrogates (humanoid remote control vehicles) as a form of telepresence in their daily lives and interactions with one another.


feature film adaptationSurrogates'' (film)Surrogates'' Soundtrack
Surrogates (2009)

Brain–computer interface

brain-computer interfacebrain-computer interfacestechnopathy
Brain–computer interface


Telepresence refers to a set of technologies which allow a person to feel as if they were present, to give the appearance of being present, or to have an effect, via telerobotics, at a place other than their true location.

Stimulus (physiology)

Telepresence requires that the users' senses be provided with such stimuli as to give the feeling of being in that other location.

Data transmission

digital communicationsdata transferdata communication
In this case, the user's position, movements, actions, voice, etc. may be sensed, transmitted and duplicated in the remote location to bring about this effect.


Therefore information may be traveling in both directions between the user and the remote location.