Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

Extent of temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands

Terrestrial biome defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature.

- Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Extent of temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands

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Eurasian steppe belt (turquoise)

Eurasian Steppe

Eurasian steppe belt (turquoise)
The site of Por-Bazhyn
Mongolian yurt
Plowing with tractor on the Great Hungarian Plain (Alföld), Hungary
Steppe fire in the Kostanay Region, Kazakhstan
Hungarian invasions of Europe in the 9–10th century
Territories of the Golden Horde under Öz Beg Khan.
Devínska Kobyla, Bratislava, Slovakia
The Pannonian steppe in Seewinkel, Austria
The Pannonian steppe in Devínska Kobyla, Bratislava, Slovakia
Danube-Auen National Park, Austria
The Pontic–Caspian steppe near Krynychne, Ukraine.
The Pontic–Caspian steppe in Henichesk, Ukraine.
Steppes in Gagauzia, Moldova.
Steppes in Gagauzia, Dezghingea, Moldova.
Wooded Ural Mountains of Beloretsky District, Russia.
The Bashkiriya National Park is situated in the southern end of the Ural Mountains, Russia.
The Bashkiriya National Park, Ural Mountains, Russia.
The Bashkiriya National Park, Ural Mountains, Russia.
The steppe in Akmola Region, Kazakhstan.
The steppes in Akmola Province, Kazakhstan.
The Kazakh Steppe in the Ayagoz District, Kazakhstan.
The Kazakh Steppe in the early spring.
Uvs Lake Basin, Tuva Republic, Russia.
Dus-Khol lake, Tuva Republic, Russia.
The grassland in Tuva Republic, Russia.
Dus-Khol Lake, Tandinsky District, Tuva Republic, Russia.
The Daurian forest steppe
The Mongolian-Manchurian grassland in the Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
Grass steppe in the Khövsgöl Province, Mongolia.
Daursky Nature Reserve in the southern part of the Zabaykalsky Krai in Siberia, Russia, close to the border with Mongolia.
The Mongolian-Manchurian grassland in Inner Mongolia, China.
Przewalski horse
Corsac fox
Saiga antelope
Onager

The Eurasian Steppe, also simply called the Great Steppe or the steppes, is the vast steppe ecoregion of Eurasia in the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome.

Two types of steppes

Steppe

Ecoregion characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.

Ecoregion characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes.

Two types of steppes
The Eurasian Steppe Belt (in on the map), a path of passage for cultures – a possible origin for the Indo-European languages, the domesticated horse, the wheel and chariot
Steppe in Mongolia
Steppe in Kazakhstan
Steppe in Turkey
Steppe in Ukraine
Steppe in Russia
Southern Siberian steppe: windbreaker trees in the wintertime
Cold Patagonian steppe near Fitz Roy, Argentina
Prairie in Alberta, Canada
Sagebrush steppe in northeastern Nevada along US 93

the temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands biome

Tallgrass prairie flora (Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie)

Prairie

Tallgrass prairie flora (Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie)
Prairie grasses
Wheatfield intersection in the Southern Saskatchewan prairies, Canada.
Prairie Homestead, Milepost 213 on I-29, South Dakota (May 2010).
Sawgrass prairie in Everglades
Expansive fertile soil are good habitats for Prairie dogs.
View of sand dunes and vegetation at Fossil Lake, with the Christmas Valley Sand Dunes Feb. 21, 2017.

Prairies are ecosystems considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and a composition of grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.

One way of mapping terrestrial biomes around the world

Biome

Distinct biogeographical unit consisting of a biological community that has formed in response to a shared regional climate.

Distinct biogeographical unit consisting of a biological community that has formed in response to a shared regional climate.

One way of mapping terrestrial biomes around the world
Holdridge life zone classification scheme. Although conceived as three-dimensional by its originator, it is usually shown as a two-dimensional array of hexagons in a triangular frame.
The distribution of vegetation types as a function of mean annual temperature and precipitation.
Terrestrial biomes of the world according to Olson et al. and used by the WWF and Global 200.

8) Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands (temperate, semiarid)

Poaceae

Large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly known as grasses.

Large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly known as grasses.

Inflorecence scheme and floral diagram. 1 – glume, 2 – lemma, 3 – awn, 4 – palea, 5 – lodicules, 6 – stamens, 7 – ovary, 8 – styles.
Grass flowers
A kangaroo eating grass
Wind-blown grass in the Valles Caldera in New Mexico, United States
Setaria verticillata from Panicoideae
A lawn in front of a building
The gray area is the cricket pitch currently in use. Parallel to it are other pitches in various states of preparation which could be used in other matches.
Grass-covered house in Iceland
Typical grass seen in meadows
Leaves of Poa trivialis showing the ligules
Bamboo stem and leaves, nodes are evident
A Chasmanthium latifolium spikelet
Wheat spike and spikelet
Spikelet opened to show caryopsis
Harestail grass
Grass
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
Roots of Bromus hordeaceus
Barley mature spikes (Hordeum vulgare)
Illustration depicting both staminate and pistillate flowers of maize (Zea mays)
A grass flower head (meadow foxtail) showing the plain-coloured flowers with large anthers.
Anthers detached from a meadow foxtail flower
Setaria verticillata, bristly foxtail
Setaria verticillata, bristly foxtail
Oryza sativa, Kerala, India

Grasses dominate certain biomes, especially temperate grasslands, because many species are adapted to grazing and fire.

Wildebeest

Wildebeest, also called gnu ( or ), are antelopes of the genus Connochaetes and native to Eastern and Southern Africa.

Wildebeest, also called gnu ( or ), are antelopes of the genus Connochaetes and native to Eastern and Southern Africa.

Bag made with wildebeest skin
Taxidermied Lion and Blue Wildebeest, Namibia
The wildebeest is the mascot of the free software project GNU.

It inhabits open plains, grasslands, and Karoo shrublands in both steep mountainous regions and lower undulating hills at altitudes varying between 1350 and 2150 m. In the past, it inhabited the highveld temperate grasslands during the dry winter season and the arid Karoo region during the rains.

The Nearctic realm

Nearctic realm

One of the eight biogeographic realms constituting the Earth's land surface.

One of the eight biogeographic realms constituting the Earth's land surface.

The Nearctic realm

The Eastern North America bioregion includes the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of the Eastern United States and southeastern Canada, the Great Plains temperate grasslands of the Central United States and south-central Canada, the temperate coniferous forests of the Southeastern United States, including Central Florida.

The northern short grasslands (WWF terminology) shown here on a map of North America in green, is a type of true prairie (grassland) that occurs in the southern parts of the Prairie Provinces.

Canadian Prairies

Region in Western Canada.

Region in Western Canada.

The northern short grasslands (WWF terminology) shown here on a map of North America in green, is a type of true prairie (grassland) that occurs in the southern parts of the Prairie Provinces.
Palliser's Triangle, delineating prairie soil types in the Prairie provinces
A canola field in the Qu'Appelle Valley in Southern Saskatchewan.
The Alberta badlands

The prairies in Canada are a temperate grassland and shrubland biome within the prairie ecoregion of Canada that consists of northern mixed grasslands in Alberta, Saskatchewan, southern Manitoba, as well as northern short grasslands in southeastern Alberta and southwestern Saskatchewan.

WWF ecoregion "Emin Valley" (PA0806) (in purple)

Emin Valley

Located on the China–Kazakhstan border, in Central Asia.

Located on the China–Kazakhstan border, in Central Asia.

WWF ecoregion "Emin Valley" (PA0806) (in purple)

The Emin Valley Steppe is a Palearctic ecoregion in the Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands Biome.

KDOT distance map color-coded by physiographic region showing the Smoky Hills (center)

Smoky Hills

Upland region of hills in the central Great Plains of North America.

Upland region of hills in the central Great Plains of North America.

KDOT distance map color-coded by physiographic region showing the Smoky Hills (center)

The Environmental Protection Agency divides the region into two Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands ecoregions: the Smoky Hills proper constituting the Smoky Hills Ecoregion in the east; and the Blue Hills and Chalk Bluffs constituting the Rolling Plains and Breaks Ecoregion in the west.