Tendon

tendonssinewtendinoussinewsossified tendonelastic structuresossified tendonstendineousvagina fibrosa
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.wikipedia
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Ligament

ligamentsknee ligamentcapsular ligaments
Tendons are similar to ligaments; both are made of collagen.
Ligaments are similar to tendons and fasciae as they are all made of connective tissue.

Muscle

musclesmuscularmusculature
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
The epimysium anchors muscle tissue to tendons at each end, where the epimysium becomes thicker and collagenous.

Connective tissue

fibrous tissuefibrous connective tissueconnective
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
Dense regular connective tissue, found in structures such as tendons and ligaments, is characterized by collagen fibers arranged in an orderly parallel fashion, giving it tensile strength in one direction.

Collagen

procollagencollagenscollagen fibers
Tendons are similar to ligaments; both are made of collagen.
It is mostly found in fibrous tissues such as tendons, ligaments, and skin.

Bone

cortical bonebone tissuecancellous bone
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.
They provide a frame to keep the body supported, and an attachment point for skeletal muscles, tendons, ligaments and joints, which function together to generate and transfer forces so that individual body parts or the whole body can be manipulated in three-dimensional space (the interaction between bone and muscle is studied in biomechanics).

Achilles tendon

AchillesAchilles' tendoncalcaneal tendon
Conversely, in sports requiring athletes to excel in actions such as running or jumping, it is beneficial to have longer than average Achilles tendon and a shorter calf muscle.
The Achilles tendon or heel cord, also known as the calcaneal tendon, is a tendon of the back of the leg, and the thickest in the human body.

Dense regular connective tissue

dense fibrous connective tissuedense regular
Histologically, tendons consist of dense regular connective tissue.

Golgi tendon organ

Golgi tendon organsGolgi receptorGolgi organ
The internal tendon bulk is thought to contain no nerve fibres, but the epitenon and paratenon contain nerve endings, while Golgi tendon organs are present at the junction between tendon and muscle.
It lies at the origins and insertion of skeletal muscle fibers into the tendons of skeletal muscle.

Dermatan sulfate

dermatandermatan sulfdermatan sulfate (DS)
The major GAG components of the tendon are dermatan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate, which associate with collagen and are involved in the fibril assembly process during tendon development.
Dermatan sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (formerly called a mucopolysaccharide) found mostly in skin, but also in blood vessels, heart valves, tendons, and lungs.

Muscular system of the horse

horsemuscularmuscular system
A typical energy storing tendon will fail at around 12-15% strain, and a stress in the region of 100-150 MPa, although some tendons are notably more extensible than this, for example the superficial digital flexor in the horse, which stretches in excess of 20% when galloping.
Muscle is covered by a fibrous tissue called fascia, to which other muscles can attach, and muscles attach to bone via tendons.

Viscoelasticity

viscoelasticvisco-elasticVisco-elasticity
Tendons are viscoelastic structures, which means they exhibit both elastic and viscous behaviour.
Ligaments and tendons are viscoelastic, so the extent of the potential damage to them depends both on the rate of the change of their length as well as on the force applied.

Composite bow

composite bowscompositebow
The elastic properties of particular sinews were also used in composite recurved bows favoured by the steppe nomads of Eurasia, and Native Americans.
A composite bow is a traditional bow made from horn, wood, and sinew laminated together, cf.

Extracellular matrix

ECMmatrixextracellular matrices
A major factor is mechanical deformation of the extracellular matrix, which can affect the actin cytoskeleton and therefore affect cell shape, motility, and function.
Chondroitin sulfates contribute to the tensile strength of cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and walls of the aorta.

Tendinopathy

tendinitistendonitistendinosis
There are various forms of tendinopathies or tendon injuries due to overuse.
Tendinopathy, also known as tendinitis or tendonitis, is a type of tendon disorder that results in pain, swelling, and impaired function.

Fiber

fibrefibersfibrous
Sinew was widely used throughout pre-industrial eras as a tough, durable fiber.

Tendon cell

Tendon fibroblaststenocytes
The tenocytes produce the collagen molecules, which aggregate end-to-end and side-to-side to produce collagen fibrils.

Chordae tendineae

chordae tendinaeTendon of Todarochord
The chordae tendineae (tendinous cords), colloquially known as the heart strings, are tendon-resembling fibrous cords of connective tissue that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the bicuspid valve in the heart.

Aponeurosis

aponeurosesaponeurotictendons
They have a shiny, whitish-silvery color, are histologically similar to tendons, and are very sparingly supplied with blood vessels and nerves.

Inuit

InukInuit peopleEskimos
Inuit and other circumpolar people utilized sinew as the only cordage for all domestic purposes due to the lack of other suitable fiber sources in their ecological habitats.
Inuit made clothes and footwear from animal skins, sewn together using needles made from animal bones and threads made from other animal products, such as sinew.

Tendon sheath

sheathTendon sheaths
A tendon sheath is a layer of synovial membrane around a tendon.

Pho

phởbánh phởpho's origins
It is also sometimes found in the Vietnamese noodle dish phở.
Variations feature slow-cooked tendon, tripe, or meatballs in southern Vietnam.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
The musculoskeletal system consists of the human skeleton (which includes bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage) and attached muscles.

Tension (physics)

tensiontensiletensile force
A tendon or sinew is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone and is capable of withstanding tension.

Parallel

Parallel (disambiguation)Paralel
The collagen fibers are parallel to each other and organized into fascicles.

Dense irregular connective tissue

Groups of fascicles are bounded by the epitenon, which are the sheaths of dense irregular connective tissue.