Terai

Terai regionTaraiOuter TeraiTerraisouthern NepalTerai beltTerai-MadheshTerrai regionfertile plainsHimalayan Plateau
The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in southern Nepal and northern India that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.wikipedia
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Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of NepalNepaleseNepali
The Terai or Tarai is a lowland region in southern Nepal and northern India that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Siwalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth.

Uttarakhand

UttaranchalUttrakhandUttarkhand
In northern India, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River eastward across Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabar and the Terai.

Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands

Terai-Duar savannas and grasslandsDong Nang grasslandsgrasslands of the Terai
The Terai is part the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion.
It is colloquially called Terai in the Ganges Basin east to Nepal, then Dooars in West Bengal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Assam east to the Brahmaputra River.

Himachal Pradesh

HimachalHPHimachal Pradesh, India
In northern India, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River eastward across Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj.

Sharda River

Kali RiverMahakali RiverSharda
The Terai is crossed by the large perennial Himalayan rivers Yamuna, Ganges, Sarda, Karnali, Narayani and Kosi that have each built alluvial fans covering thousands of square kilometres below their exits from the hills.
After Brahmadev Mandi (near Tanakpur), it enters the terai plains where it is called the Sharda river.

Dooars

DuarsAssam DuarsBengal Duars
The corresponding lowland region in West Bengal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Assam in the Brahmaputra River basin is called 'Dooars'.
Dooars is analogous with the Terai in northern India and southern Nepal.

Shorea robusta

salsal treesal forest
This lowland belt is characterised by tall grasslands, scrub savannah, sal forests and clay rich swamps.
In Nepal, it is found mostly in the Terai region from east to west, especially, in the Sivalik Hills (Churia Range) in the subtropical climate zone.

Biratnagar

Biratnagar MetropolitanBiratnagar-9Birātnagar
and is located in the Morang District (in the previous Koshi Zone) of the eastern-most Terai region of Nepal.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
The corresponding lowland region in West Bengal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Assam in the Brahmaputra River basin is called 'Dooars'.
The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south.

Uttar Pradesh

UPUttar Pradesh, IndiaU.P.
In northern India, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River eastward across Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai.

Maharajganj district

MaharajganjMaharajghanjMahrajganj
It is located in Terai regions of Himalayas, bordering Nepal in North.

Chandigarh

Chandigarh, IndiaChandigarh AdministrationChandigarh Tricity
Its northeast covers sections of Bhabar and while the remainder of its terrain is part of the Terai.

Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal

Inner TeraiDang ValleyDeukhuri Valley
East of Banke the Nepalese Outer Terai is interrupted where the international border swings north and follows the edge of the Siwaliks adjacent to Deukhuri Valley.
The Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal comprise several elongated river valleys in the southern lowland Terai part of the country.

Darjeeling district

DarjeelingDarjeeling hillsDarjiling
The foothills of Darjeeling Himalayas, which comes under the Siliguri subdivision, is known as the Terai.

Lakhimpur Kheri district

Lakhimpur KheriLakhimpurKheri
The district is within the Terai lowlands at the base of the Himalayas, with several rivers and lush green vegetation.

Udham Singh Nagar district

Udham Singh NagarTeraiTerai district
The district is located in the Terai region, and is part of Kumaon Division.

Siraha District

Siraha
Farther east, the Outer Terai comprises the Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Parsa, Bara, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang and Jhapa districts.
It is situated in the Terai belt of Nepal.

Chitwan Valley

Chitwan
The valley is part of the Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands ecoregion of about 150 km length and 30–48 km width.

Kapilvastu District

KapilvastuKapilbastuKapilavastu
Farther east, the Outer Terai comprises the Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Parsa, Bara, Rautahat, Sarlahi, Mahottari, Dhanusa, Siraha, Saptari, Sunsari, Morang and Jhapa districts.
Geographically, the district can be divided into the low land plains of Terai and the low Chure hills.

Dudhwa National Park

DudhwaDudhwa-Kheri
The Dudhwa National Park is a national park in the Terai belt of marshy grasslands of northern Uttar Pradesh, India, and covers an area of 490.3 km2, with a buffer zone of 190 km2.

Bardiya District

BardiyaBardia
But as reward for Nepal's military aid in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, they returned some of this region in 1860, namely today's districts Kanchanpur, Kailali, Banke and Bardiya.
Most of Bardiya is in the fertile Terai plains, covered with agricultural land and forest.

Shuklaphanta National Park

Sukla Phanta Wildlife ReserveShuklaphanta Wildlife ReserveShuklaphanta
Shuklaphanta National Park is a protected area in the Terai of the Far-Western Region, Nepal, covering 305 km2 of open grassland, forests, riverbeds and tropical wetlands at an altitude of 174 to 1386 m. It was gazetted in 1976 as Royal Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve.

Bhabar

BhabharBhabhar region
North of the Terai rises the Bhabhar, a narrow but continuous belt of forest about 8 – wide.
The underground water level is deep in this region, then rises to the surface in the Terai below where coarse alluvium gives way to less permeable silt and clay.

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve

Kosi Tappu Wildlife ReserveKoshiKoshi Tappu
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is a protected area in the Terai of eastern Nepal covering 175 km2 of wetlands in the Sunsari, Saptari and Udayapur Districts.

Surkhet District

Surkhet
Unlike the cold weather of the Karnali mountain region and hot weather of the Outer Terai region, Surkhet has a more moderate climate.