Terengganu Malay

TerengganuanTerengganuTerengganuan MalayTerengganu dialect
Terengganu language (Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Base Tranung/Ganu) is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northeast Johor.wikipedia
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Terengganu

TrengganuMarangTerengganu Sultanate
Terengganu language (Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Base Tranung/Ganu) is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northeast Johor.
Terengganu (Jawi :ترڠڬانو, Terengganu Malay: Tranung), formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu, is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia.

Pahang Malay

Pahangan outlandish language
However, Terengganu Malay shares close linguistic relations with Kelantan-Pattani and Pahang varieties in which it forms the same Malay group of East Coast Peninsular Malayan languages. People in Dungun, Marang and Kemaman usually speak similar to those in Kuala Terengganu but with influences from Standard Malay and Pahang Malay as well (especially Kemaman).
Along the coastline of Pahang, Terengganu Malay is spoken in a narrow strip of sometimes discontiguous fishermen villages and towns.

Kelantan-Pattani Malay

Pattani MalayKelantaneseKelantanese Malay
In the districts of Besut and Setiu, the majority of the population speak Kelantan-Pattani Malay which is closely related but distinct from Terengganu Malay although in recent years many people from southern Terengganu started to migrate into these districts and both variants coexists with each other.
It is also distinct from Kedah Malay, Pahang Malay and Terengganuan Malay, but those languages still have a close relationship with the Kelantanese-Pattani Malay language.

Setiu District

Setiu
In the districts of Besut and Setiu, the majority of the population speak Kelantan-Pattani Malay which is closely related but distinct from Terengganu Malay although in recent years many people from southern Terengganu started to migrate into these districts and both variants coexists with each other.
Most Malays in Setiu speaks Kelantan-Pattani Malay but those that live near with Kuala Nerus speaks Terengganu Malay.

Pahang

Pahang Darul MakmurPahang, MalaysiaPahang Sultanate
Terengganu language (Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Base Tranung/Ganu) is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northeast Johor. Besides Terengganu, it is also spoken in coastal Pahang, from Cherating near the border with Kemaman district to as far south as Mersing district in the state of Johor.
Along the coastline of Pahang, Terengganu Malay is spoken in a narrow strip of sometimes discontiguous fishermen villages and towns.

Mersing

Mersing Town
Besides Terengganu, it is also spoken in coastal Pahang, from Cherating near the border with Kemaman district to as far south as Mersing district in the state of Johor.
Mersing (Terengganu Malay: Ngesing) is a town, mukim and the capital of Mersing District, Johor, Malaysia.

Besut District

BesutBesut, TerengganuHulu Besut
In the districts of Besut and Setiu, the majority of the population speak Kelantan-Pattani Malay which is closely related but distinct from Terengganu Malay although in recent years many people from southern Terengganu started to migrate into these districts and both variants coexists with each other.
One of the prominent examples is that they tend to speak Kelantan Malay instead of Terengganu Malay like in most parts of Terengganu.

Kuala Terengganu

Kuala TrengganuTerengganuKuala Ibai
The sub-dialect spoken in the districts of Kuala Terengganu-Kuala Nerus is considered the standard dialect for inter-ethnic and inter-district communications.
Terengganu Malay is the most widely spoken and main lingua franca in the city and is spoken by the Malays in Kuala Terengganu.

Johor

JohoreJohor Darul Ta'zimState of Johor
Terengganu language (Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Base Tranung/Ganu) is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northeast Johor.
Terengganu Malay, a distinct variant of Malay, is spoken in the district of Mersing near the border with Rompin, Pahang.

Terengganuan Malay people

Terengganuan MalaysTerengganuTerengganu Malays
Terengganurians, Terengganuans or Terengganu Malays (Malaysian: Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Oghang Tranung/Ganu/Ganung/Teganu) are a Malay ethnic group native to the state of Terengganu, on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

Perak Malay

PerakianGrik MalayMalay-Perak dialect
However, the most distinct of all dialects is Inland Terengganu Malay, spoken in Hulu Terengganu district, the Inland dialect have a distinct phonology compared to Coastal dialect, the most prominent is the pronunciation of the end letter "e", Coastal Terengganu speakers tend to pronounce it as a schwa while Inland Terengganu speakers tend to pronounce it with strong "e" (as in red) similar to Perak Tengah dialect.
It has been said that in general, the Malay people in Malaya distinguish the dialect of Perak by the final vowel in Standard Malay substituted into strong 'e':, in contrast to,, and in the other Malay dialects, similar to inland Terengganu dialect.

Marang District

MarangMarang (district)
People in Dungun, Marang and Kemaman usually speak similar to those in Kuala Terengganu but with influences from Standard Malay and Pahang Malay as well (especially Kemaman).
Most people in Marang use the Marang sub-dialect of Terengganu Malay.

Malayic languages

MalayicMalayan languagesMalayan
Terengganu language (Bahasa Melayu Terengganu, Terengganu Malay: Base Tranung/Ganu) is a Malayan language spoken in the Malaysian state of Terengganu all the way southward to coastal Pahang and northeast Johor.
*Jakun, Kedah Malay, Perak Malay, Pahang Malay, Orang Kanaq, Kelantan-Pattani Malay, Temuan, Terengganu Malay

Anambas Islands Regency

Anambas IslandsAnambasAnamba Islands
It is historically spoken in the Anambas and Natuna islands of Riau Islands, Indonesia but its speakers (mostly elderly) are fastly diminishing and replaced by the local Malay dialects on the islands.

Natuna Regency

Natuna IslandsNatunaNatuna Archipelago
It is historically spoken in the Anambas and Natuna islands of Riau Islands, Indonesia but its speakers (mostly elderly) are fastly diminishing and replaced by the local Malay dialects on the islands.

Riau Islands

Riau Islands ProvinceKepulauan RiauRiau
It is historically spoken in the Anambas and Natuna islands of Riau Islands, Indonesia but its speakers (mostly elderly) are fastly diminishing and replaced by the local Malay dialects on the islands.

Indonesia

Republic of IndonesiaIndonesianIndonesian Republic
It is historically spoken in the Anambas and Natuna islands of Riau Islands, Indonesia but its speakers (mostly elderly) are fastly diminishing and replaced by the local Malay dialects on the islands.

Hokkien

Hokkien ChineseHokkien languageHokkien dialect
It is the state's most dominant Malay variety and also acts as the main lingua franca for various ethnic groups within Terengganu (the Highly localised Peranakan Chinese minority in Terengganu, known as "Mek Awang" mainly use Terengganu Malay besides their native Hokkien).

Phonetics

phoneticphoneticallyphonetician
Although usually considered to be a variety of Malay, Terengganu Malay is one of the most aberrant from all the Malay varieties in the Peninsular along with Kelantan-Pattani Malay and developed a distinct phonetic, syntactic and lexical distinctions which makes it mutually unintelligible for speakers from outside the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

Syntax

syntacticsyntacticalsyntactically
Although usually considered to be a variety of Malay, Terengganu Malay is one of the most aberrant from all the Malay varieties in the Peninsular along with Kelantan-Pattani Malay and developed a distinct phonetic, syntactic and lexical distinctions which makes it mutually unintelligible for speakers from outside the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

Lexeme

lexemeslexicallexical root
Although usually considered to be a variety of Malay, Terengganu Malay is one of the most aberrant from all the Malay varieties in the Peninsular along with Kelantan-Pattani Malay and developed a distinct phonetic, syntactic and lexical distinctions which makes it mutually unintelligible for speakers from outside the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia.

Hulu Terengganu District

Hulu TerengganuTelemongUlu Trengganu
In Hulu Terengganu, the variety of Malay spoken there is often regarded as a sub-dialect of Terengganu Malay but have distinct phonology and some parts of the vocabulary than those spoken in other parts of Terengganu which sometimes unintelligible to coastal speakers.

Kuala Nerus District

Kuala Nerus
The sub-dialect spoken in the districts of Kuala Terengganu-Kuala Nerus is considered the standard dialect for inter-ethnic and inter-district communications.

Hot FM (Malaysia)

Hot FMHot FM TeganuSynchrosound Studio Sdn Bhd
Radio stations such as Terengganu FM and Hot FM Terengganu mainly used Terengganu Malay in its broadcast along with standard Malaysian.

Malaysian language

MalaysianBahasa MalaysiaMalay
Radio stations such as Terengganu FM and Hot FM Terengganu mainly used Terengganu Malay in its broadcast along with standard Malaysian.