Ternopil

TarnopolTernopolTarnopilTernopil, UkraineCity of TernopilWierzbowkaТернопіль
Ternopil (Тернопіль, ; Tarnopol; Тернополь; Tarnopol; טאַרנאָפּל, or טערנעפּאָל ; טארנופול is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River. Until 1944, it was known mostly as Tarnopol. Ternopil is one of the major cities of Western Ukraine and the historical regions of Galicia and Podolia. It is served by Ternopil Airport. In January 2019, the population of Ternopil was estimated at 221,820.wikipedia
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Ternopil Oblast

TernopilTernopil regionTarnopil Oblast
The city is the administrative center of Ternopil Oblast (region), as well as of the surrounding Ternopil Raion (district) within the oblast.
Its administrative center is Ternopil, through which flows the Seret River, a tributary of the Dnister.

City of regional significance (Ukraine)

city of oblast significancecity of regional significancetown of oblast significance
However, Ternopil is a city of regional significance, thus being subject directly to the oblast authorities rather than to the raion administration which is housed in the city as well.
In 2012, there were 178 cities of regional significance across the different regions of Ukraine, ranging from the Donetsk Region, which has the highest number of cities at 28, to the Ternopil Region, which has only one, Ternopil.

Jan Tarnowski

Jan Amor Tarnowski
The city was founded in 1540 by Polish commander and Hetman Jan Amor Tarnowski, as a military stronghold and castle.
He was Grand Crown Hetman from 1527, and was the founder of the city of Tarnopol, where he built the Ternopil Castle and the Ternopil Pond.

Ternopil Castle

Tarnopol Castle
In 1544 the Tarnopol Castle was completed and repelled the first Tatar attacks.
The Ternopil Castle (Тернопільський замок, Zamek w Tarnopolu) is a stronghold which gave birth to the city of Ternopil.

Ternopil Airport

Ternopil International Airport
It is served by Ternopil Airport.
Ternopil International Airport (also known as Ternopol Airport) is an airport in Ukraine located 8 km southeast of Ternopil.

Seret River

SeretSeret'' River
Ternopil (Тернопіль, ; Tarnopol; Тернополь; Tarnopol; טאַרנאָפּל, or טערנעפּאָל ; טארנופול is a city in western Ukraine, located on the banks of the Seret River.
The towns of Ternopil, Terebovlia and Chortkiv sit along the river's banks.

Ternopil Raion

Hayi VelykyiTernopilIvachiv Dolishniy
The city is the administrative center of Ternopil Oblast (region), as well as of the surrounding Ternopil Raion (district) within the oblast.
Its administrative center is Ternopil.

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Ternopil

Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of BVMCathedral of the Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin MaryCathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Mother of God
In 1747 Józef Potocki invited the Dominicanes and founded the beautiful late-baroque Dominican Church (today the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of The Blessed Virgin Mary of the Ternopil-Zboriv archeparchy of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church).
Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, formerly Dominican Church, is a Ukrainian Greek Catholic Cathedral in Ternopil, Ukraine overseen by the Ternopil–Zboriv Archdiocese.

West Ukrainian People's Republic

West Ukrainian National RepublicWestern Ukrainian People's RepublicWest Ukraine
After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the city was proclaimed as part of the West Ukrainian People's Republic on 11 November 1918.
It included the cities of Lviv, Przemyśl, Ternopil, Kolomyia, Boryslav and Stanislaviv (now Ivano-Frankivsk), and claimed parts of Bukovina and Carpathian Ruthenia.

Church of St. Mary of the Perpetual Assistance, Ternopil

Church of St. Mary of the Perpetual AssistanceSt. Mary of the Perpetual Assistance Church
Church of St. Mary of the Perpetual Assistance was consecrated in 1908 with its main tower reaching 62 m. In 1954 the church was blown up by Communist authorities and in its place was built the city's central supermarket.
The Church of St. Mary of the Perpetual Assistance located in Tarnopol, Eastern Galicia (now Ternopil, Ukraine), was a church located in the city's centre which functioned as the parochial church of Ternopil's Roman Catholic community.

Tarnowski family

TarnowskiHouse of TarnowskiAnna Tarnowska-Melsztyńska
Its Polish name "Tarnopol" means "Tarnowski's city" and stems from a combination of the founder's family name and the Greek term "polis". The etymology of the Tarnowski family surname, originating from the city of Tarnów (and thus the Ukrainian name "Ternopil"), is explained as derived from a field covered with thorns .
In 1540 he built a castle and founded the city of Tarnopol (1548).

Tarnopol Voivodeship

TarnopoltarnopolskieTarnopol Voivodship
From 1922 to September 1939, Tarnopol served as the capital of the Tarnopol Voivodeship that consisted of 17 powiats.
Tarnopol Voivodeship (Województwo tarnopolskie) was an administrative region of interwar Poland (1918–1939), created on 23 December 1920, with an area of 16,500 km² and provincial capital in Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).

Podolia

PodilliaPodolePodilia
Ternopil is one of the major cities of Western Ukraine and the historical regions of Galicia and Podolia.
The Ternopil (Tarnopol) region of western Podolia was briefly taken by Russia in 1809 but reverted to Austrian rule in 1815.

Raions of Ukraine

RaionDistrictraions
The city is the administrative center of Ternopil Oblast (region), as well as of the surrounding Ternopil Raion (district) within the oblast.

Tarnopol Ghetto

TarnopolTernopil (Tarnopol)
On 2 July 1941, the city was occupied by the Nazis who led the Jewish pogrom, and continued exterminating the population by creating the Tarnopol Ghetto.
The Tarnopol Ghetto (getto w Tarnopolu, Ghetto Tarnopol) was a Jewish World War II ghetto established in 1941 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) in the prewar Polish city of Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).

Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis

Carl Ludwig railway linek.k. priv. Galizische Carl Ludwig-Bahn
In 1870 the Galician Railway of Archduke Charles Louis connected Tarnopol with Lemberg in Austria-Hungary, accelerating the city's growth.

Zolochiv

ZłoczówZloczowZlotshev
Among the towns destroyed by Bohdan Khmelnytsky during his march from Zolochiv through Galicia was Tarnopol, the large Jewish population of which carried on an extensive trade.
The city is located 60 kilometers east of Lviv along Highway H02 Lviv-Ternopil and the railway line Krasne-Ternopil.

Joseph Perl

Tempel für Geregelten Gottesdienst
Nevertheless, Joseph Perl was able to continue his efforts to improve the condition of the Jews, which he had begun under the Russian rule.
Joseph Perl (also Josef Perl; November 10, 1773, Ternopil – October 1, 1839, Ternopil), was an Ashkenazi Jewish educator and writer, a scion of the Haskalah or Jewish Enlightenment.

Oblasts of Ukraine

ProvinceOblastRegion
The city is the administrative center of Ternopil Oblast (region), as well as of the surrounding Ternopil Raion (district) within the oblast.

War of the Fifth Coalition

Fifth Coalition1809 campaignFifth
In 1809, after the War of the Fifth Coalition, the city came under Russian rule, incorporated into the newly created Ternopol krai.
Six months later, the expected war with Austria began, and Alexander barely lived up to his agreement, aiding France as little as possible (though in the resulting Treaty of Schönbrunn Russia did receive a portion of Austrian Polish territory, namely the district of Tarnopol, for at least maintaining neutrality).

Galician Soviet Socialist Republic

Galician SSRGalician Revolutionary CommitteeGalicia
The city then served as the capital of the Galician Soviet Socialist Republic.
The communist government moved to Tarnopol (today Ternopil) in East Galicia on 1 August 1920 upon occupation of the region by the Red Army.

Tarnów

TarnowTarnovChurch of Our Lady of the Scapular
The etymology of the Tarnowski family surname, originating from the city of Tarnów (and thus the Ukrainian name "Ternopil"), is explained as derived from a field covered with thorns .

Congress of Vienna

Vienna CongressTreaty of ViennaFinal Act of the Congress of Vienna
In 1815 the city (then with 11,000 residents) returned to Austrian rule in accordance with the Congress of Vienna.

11th Artillery Brigade (Ukraine)

11th Artillery Brigade11th Separate Guards Artillery Kyiv Red Banner Bogdan Khmelnitsky orders brigade
On 31 December 2013, the 11th Artillery Brigade, descendant of artillery units that had been based in the city since 1949, was disbanded.
It was based in Ternopil, in western Ukraine.

Zofia Tarnowska

Starting in 1567 the city was owned by the daughter of Crown Hetman Zofia Tarnowska who was married to Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski.
* Ternopil