A report on Torah and Tetragrammaton

Torah scroll at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne
The Tetragrammaton in Phoenician (12th century BCE to 150 BCE), Paleo-Hebrew (10th century BCE to 135 CE), and square Hebrew (3rd century BCE to present) scripts
Silver Torah case, Ottoman Empire, displayed in the Museum of Jewish Art and History
Transcription of the divine name as ΙΑΩ in the 1st-century BCE Septuagint manuscript 4Q120
Reading of the Torah
The Mesha Stele bears the earliest known reference (840 BCE) to the Israelite god Yahweh.
One common formulation of the documentary hypothesis
YHWH in one of the Lachish letters
The supplementary hypothesis, one potential successor to the documentary hypothesis
Tetragrammaton written in paleo-Hebrew script on Greek Minor Prophets Scroll from Nahal Hever
Presentation of The Torah, by Édouard Moyse, 1860, Museum of Jewish Art and History
Petrus Alphonsi's early 12th-century Tetragrammaton-Trinity diagram, rendering the name as "IEVE", which in contemporary letters is "IEUE".
Torahs in Ashkenazi Synagogue (Istanbul, Turkey)
Tetragrammaton at the Fifth Chapel of the Palace of Versailles, France.
Page pointers, or yad, for reading of the Torah
A tetractys of the letters of the Tetragrammaton adds up to 72 by gematria.
Open Torah case with scroll.
Tetragrammaton by Francisco Goya: "The Name of God", YHWH in triangle, detail from fresco Adoration of the Name of God, 1772
The Tetragrammaton as represented in stained glass in an 1868 Episcopal Church in Iowa
The Tetragrammaton on the Tympanum of the Roman Catholic Basilica of St. Louis, King of France in Missouri

The books of the Torah and the rest of the Hebrew Bible except Esther, Ecclesiastes, and (with a possible instance of the short form in verse 8:6) the Song of Songs contain this Hebrew name.

- Tetragrammaton

One of its most significant verses is Deuteronomy 6:4, the Shema Yisrael, which has become the definitive statement of Jewish identity: "Hear, O Israel: the Tetragrammaton our God, the is one."

- Torah
Torah scroll at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne

2 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur, by Maurycy Gottlieb (1878)

Yom Kippur

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Holiest day of the year in Judaism.

Holiest day of the year in Judaism.

Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur, by Maurycy Gottlieb (1878)
On the eve of Yom Kippur by Jakub Weinles
Cliffs of Mount Azazel
Ayalon Highway in Tel Aviv, empty of cars on Yom Kippur 2004
Sandy Koufax
Gabe Carimi

Rosh Hashanah (referred to in the Torah as Yom Teruah) is the first day of that month according to the Hebrew calendar.

In most Orthodox and some Conservative synagogues, the entire congregation prostrates themselves at each point in the recitation where the Kohen Gadol (High Priest) would pronounce the Tetragrammaton (God’s holiest name, according to Judaism).

Genesis 1:9: And God said, "Let the waters be collected."
Letters in black, niqqud  (vowel points) and  d'geshim  (gemination marks) in red, cantillation in blue.

Hebrew cantillation

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Manner of chanting ritual readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services.

Manner of chanting ritual readings from the Hebrew Bible in synagogue services.

Genesis 1:9: And God said, "Let the waters be collected."
Letters in black, niqqud  (vowel points) and  d'geshim  (gemination marks) in red, cantillation in blue.
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Learning the accents and their musical rendition is now an important part of the preparations for a bar mitzvah, as this is the first occasion on which a person reads from the Torah in public.

For example, the words qol qore bamidbar panu derekh YHWH (Isaiah 40:3) is translated in the Authorised Version as "The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD".