Text messaging

text messagetextingtext messagestexttextsSMStextedtext-messagetext-messagingtext messenger
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of composing and sending electronic messages, typically consisting of alphabetic and numeric characters, between two or more users of mobile devices, desktops/laptops, or other type of compatible computer.wikipedia
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short message servicetext messagetext messages
The term originally referred to messages sent using the Short Message Service (SMS).
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.

Neil Papworth

SMS messaging was used for the first time on 3 December 1992, when Neil Papworth, a 22-year-old test engineer for Sema Group in the UK (now Airwide Solutions), used a personal computer to send the text message "Merry Christmas" via the Vodafone network to the phone of Richard Jarvis, who was at a party in Newbury, Berkshire, which had been organised to celebrate the event.
Papworth is known as the sender of the first text message (also known as SMS message) in 1992.

Direct text marketing

Advertisers and service providers use direct text marketing to send messages to mobile users about promotions, payment due dates, and other notifications instead of using postal mail, email, or voicemail.
This includes using a medium which involves text messaging over a mobile device and can be done from a mobile phone or in bulk using an SMS Aggregator and distributor online.


TWXTeletypewriter Exchange Serviceautomatic telex service
In 1933, the German Reichspost (Reich postal service) introduced the first "telex" service.
Telex served as the forerunner of modern fax, email, and text messaging — both technically and stylistically.


WhatsApp Messengersocial mediaWhat's App
Services such as Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp and Viber have led to a decline in the use of SMS in parts of the world.
The application allows the sending of text messages and voice calls, as well as video calls, images and other media, documents, and user location.

Friedhelm Hillebrand

Friedhelm Hillebrand conceptualised SMS in 1984 while working for Deutsche Telekom.
As chairman of the non-voice services committee for the Global System for Mobile Communications standard in 1985, he conducted experiments to determine the length needed for text messages and found that 160 characters was sufficient.


emojisEmoji charactersEmoji Feminism
containing digital images, videos, and sound content, as well as ideograms known as emoji (happy faces, sad faces, and other icons).
Emoji are also supported by the Google Hangouts application (independent of the keyboard in use), in both Hangouts and SMS modes.


e-mailelectronic maile-mails
Advertisers and service providers use direct text marketing to send messages to mobile users about promotions, payment due dates, and other notifications instead of using postal mail, email, or voicemail. In the 2010s, the sending of short informal messages has become an accepted part of many cultures, as happened earlier with emailing.
Young people preferred instant messaging, texting and social media.

Bernard Ghillebaert

With Bernard Ghillebaert of France Télécom, he developed a proposal for the GSM (Groupe Spécial Mobile) meeting in February 1985 in Oslo.
With the German engineer Friedhelm Hillebrand, he created the standards for text messaging in 1984, resulting in February 1985 with the GSM (Groupe Spécial Mobile) standard, also known as Global System for Mobile Communications for the Short Message Service (SMS), now known as text messaging.

One-time password

one-time passwordsOTPone time password
It can be useful in cases such as an emergency (e.g., fire alarm) or confidentiality (e.g., one-time password).
A common technology used for the delivery of OTPs is text messaging.

Instant messaging

instant messengerIMinstant message
As companies seek competitive advantages, many employees are using new technology, collaborative applications, and real-time messaging such as SMS, instant messaging, and mobile communications to connect with teammates and customers.
The spread of smartphones and similar devices in the late 2000s also caused increased competition with conventional instant messaging, by making text messaging services still more ubiquitous.

Smart mob

smart mobsSmart Mobs: The Next Social Revolutionsmartmobbing
Texting can also bring people together and create a sense of community through "Smart Mobs" or "Net War", which create "people power".
According to CNN, the first smart mobs were teenage "thumb tribes" in Tokyo and Helsinki who used text messaging on cell phones to organize impromptu raves or to stalk celebrities.


roaminternational roamingnational roaming
During roaming, that is, when a user connects to another network in different country from his own, the prices may be higher, but in July 2009, EU legislation went into effect limiting this price to €0.11.
Roaming fees are charged on a per-minute basis for wireless voice service, per text message and per megabyte per second for data service, and they are typically determined by the service provider's pricing plan.

Richard Ling

Work by Richard Ling has shown that texting has a gendered dimension and it plays into the development of teen identity.
He has studied the social consequences of mobile communication, text messaging and mobile telephony.

Over-the-top media services

over-the-topOTTover-the-top content
In the US, there is a move to require both traditional operators and Over-the-top messaging providers to support texting to 911.
OTT messaging is defined as instant messaging services or online chat provided by third parties, as an alternative to text messaging services provided by a mobile network operator.

2008 Chatsworth train collision

Chatsworth train collision2008 California wreck2008 wreck
One example of distraction behind the wheel is the 2008 Chatsworth train collision, which killed 25 passengers.
The NTSB faulted the Metrolink train's engineer, 46-year-old Robert M. Sanchez, for the collision, concluding that he was distracted by text messages he was sending while on duty.

Predictive text

Predictive Text Entrytextonympredict
Predictive text software, which attempts to guess words (Tegic's T9 as well as iTap) or letters (Eatoni's LetterWise) reduces the labour of time-consuming input.
Short message service (SMS) permits a mobile phone user to send text messages (also called messages, SMSes, texts, and txts) as a short message.

Hannu Luntiala

In 2007, the first book written solely in text messages, Viimeiset viestit (Last Messages), was released by Finnish author Hannu Luntiala.
It is a story told in form of text messages in its entirety.

Fire alarm system

fire alarmfire alarmsfire alarm systems
It can be useful in cases such as an emergency (e.g., fire alarm) or confidentiality (e.g., one-time password).
Mass notification systems often extend the notification appliances of a standard fire alarm system to include PC based workstations, text-based digital signage, and a variety of remote notification options including email, text message, RSS feed, or IVR-based telephone text-to-speech messaging.

Mobile phone spam

mobile phone messaging spamspam text messagesspamming
In 2002, an increasing trend towards spamming mobile phone users through SMS prompted cellular-service carriers to take steps against the practice, before it became a widespread problem.
Mobile phone spam is a form of spam (unsolicited messages, especially advertising), directed at the text messaging or other communications services of mobile phones or smartphones.

Telephone keypad

keypad12-key telephone keypaddial pad
The small phone keypad and the rapidity of typical text message exchanges has caused a number spelling abbreviations: as in the phrase "txt msg", "u" (an abbreviation for "you"), "HMU"(“hit me up”; i.e., call me), or use of CamelCase, such as in "ThisIsVeryLame".
On modern mobile phones and smartphones, the letters on the keys are needed for entering text for text messaging, entering names in the phone book, mobile apps, mobile browser, etc. To compensate for the smaller keys, mobile phones use systems like multi-tap and predictive text processing.

Joan Lee Tu

Lee, Joan H.
Joan H. Lee in her thesis What does txting do 2 language: The influences of exposure to messaging and print media on acceptability constraints (2011) associates exposure to text messaging with more rigid acceptability constraints.
The thesis used acceptability judgment tasks to test a relationship between exposure to text messaging and word acceptance.

LG Mobile World Cup

In January 2010, LG Electronics sponsored an international competition, the LG Mobile World Cup, to determine the fastest pair of texters.
The LG Mobile World Cup was an international competition held on January 14, 2010 by LG Electronics in which participants competed using their texting speed and accuracy.

Internet slang

netspeakinternet shorthandInternet/chat slang
Chat language
Many people use the same abbreviations in texting and instant messaging, and social networking websites.


Predictive text software, which attempts to guess words (Tegic's T9 as well as iTap) or letters (Eatoni's LetterWise) reduces the labour of time-consuming input.
This makes some of the modern mobile phones features like text messaging and note-taking easier.