Thai languagewikipedia
Thai, Central Thai, or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin.
ThaiThai:SiameseCentral ThaiThai-languageth:Thai titleOld ThaiStandard Thaitha

Thai people

ThaiSiameseThais
Thai, Central Thai, or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin.
Thai people or the Thais, also known as Siamese, are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily living mainly Central Thailand (Siamese proper) . As a part of the larger Tai ethnolinguistic group native to Southeast Asia as well as southern China and Northeast India, Thais speak the Central Thai language, and is classified as part of the Tai–Kadai family of languages.

Khmer language

KhmerCambodianKhmer (Cambodian)
Over half of Thai vocabulary is derived from or borrowed from Pali, Sanskrit, Mon, and Old Khmer.
The more colloquial registers have influenced, and have been influenced by, Thai, Lao, Vietnamese and Cham, all of which, due to geographical proximity and long-term cultural contact, form a sprachbund in peninsular Southeast Asia.

Tai languages

TaiTai languageTai family
It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family.
The Tai languages include the most widely spoken of the Tai–Kadai languages, including standard Thai or Siamese, the national language of Thailand; Lao or Laotian, the national language of Laos; Myanmar's Shan language; and Zhuang, a major language in the southern Chinese province of Guangxi.

Southwestern Tai languages

SouthwesternSouthwestern Tai languageSouthwestern Tai
Spoken Thai is mutually intelligible with Lao and Isan, fellow Southwestern Tai languages, to a significantly high degree where its speakers are able to effectively communicate each speaking their respective language.
They include Siamese (Central Thai), Lao, Shan etc.

Lao language

LaoLaotianeponymous language
Spoken Thai is mutually intelligible with Lao and Isan, fellow Southwestern Tai languages, to a significantly high degree where its speakers are able to effectively communicate each speaking their respective language.
Modern Lao (language) is heavily influenced by the Thai language.

Bangkok

BangkokBangkok, ThailandKrung Thep
It is known in Thai as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep.

Kra–Dai languages

Kra–DaiTai–KadaiTai-Kadai
It is a member of the Tai group of the Kra–Dai language family.
They include Thai and Lao, the national languages of Thailand and Laos respectively.

Thailand

ThaiThailandSiam
Thai, Central Thai, or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin.
According to Michel Ferlus, the ethnonyms Thai/Tai (or Thay/Tay) would have evolved from the etymon *kri: 'human being' through the following chain: *kəri: > *kəli: > *kədi:/*kədaj > *di:/*daj > *daj A (Proto-Southwestern Tai) > tʰaj A2 (in Siamese and Lao) or > taj A2 (in the other Southwestern and Central Tai languages classified by Li Fangkuei).

Southern Thai language

Southern ThaiThaisouthern Thai language
Southern Thai (Southern Thai/Thai: ภาษาไทยถิ่นใต้ ), also known as Pak Thai (Southern Thai: ภาษาปักษ์ใต้) or Dambro, is a Southwestern Tai language spoken in the fourteen provinces of southern Thailand as well as by small communities in the northernmost Malaysian states.

Northern Thai language

Northern ThaiLannaTai Yuan
Northern Thai, Lanna, or Kam Mueang (Northern Thai:,, Thai: คำเมือง ) is the language of the Northern Thai people of Lanna, Thailand.

Tone (linguistics)

tonetonal languagetones
It is a tonal and analytic language.
Sino-Tibetan and Tai-Kadai languages are mostly tonal, including Thai, Lao, all the varieties of Chinese (though some, such as Shanghainese, are only marginally tonal) and Burmese with few exceptions such as Amdo Tibetan.

Thai alphabet

ThaiThai scriptpinthu
The top entry in every cell is the symbol from the International Phonetic Alphabet, the second entry gives the spelling in the Thai alphabet, where a dash indicates the position of the initial consonant after which the vowel is pronounced.
The Thai alphabet is the abugida (alphasyllabary) used to write Thai, Southern Thai and many spoken in Thailand.

Dai people

DaiDai peopleTai Lue
The Dai people (Kam Mueang: ; Thai: ไท; Shan: တႆး ; Tai Nüa: ᥖᥭᥰ, ) are one of several ethnic groups living in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan, China), but by extension, the term can apply to groups in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar when Dai is used to mean specifically Tai Yai, Lue, Chinese Shan, Tai Dam, Tai Khao or even Tai in general.

Thai Chinese

ChineseThailandChinese descent
Thai, Central Thai, or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin.
This act required all foreign teachers to pass a Thai language test, and for principals of all schools to implement standards set by the Thai Ministry of Education.

Isan

northeastern Thailandnortheasternnortheast
Central Thai is also spoken by almost everyone and is the language used in education but native in Nakhon Ratchasima Province only.

Royal Thai General System of Transcription

RTGSRTGS:romanization
Official standards are the Royal Thai General System of Transcription (RTGS), published by the Royal Institute of Thailand, and the almost identical defined by the International Organization for Standardization.
The Royal Thai General System of Transcription (RTGS) is the official system for rendering Thai words in the Latin alphabet.

Samut Prakan Province

Samut PrakanSamutpakarnSamut Prakarn
In Thai the word samut is from Sanskrit, samudra, meaning "ocean" or "sea", and the word prakan is from Sanskrit, prākāra, meaning "fortress", "walls", or "stronghold".

Royal Society of Thailand

Royal InstituteRoyal Societythe Royal Institute of Thailand
Official standards are the Royal Thai General System of Transcription (RTGS), published by the Royal Institute of Thailand, and the almost identical defined by the International Organization for Standardization.
The society is widely known for its official roles in the planning and regulation of the Thai language, as well as its many publications, particularly the Royal Institute Dictionary, the official and prescriptive dictionary of the Thai language, and the Royal Thai General System of Transcription, the official system for romanising Thai words.

Peranakan

Straits ChineseperanakanPeranakan Chinese
Whereas in the east coast of Peninsula Malaysia, the Peranakans are known to not only speak a Hokkien version of their own but also Thai and Kelantanese Malay dialect in Kelantan, and Terengganu Malay dialect in Terengganu respectively.

Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture

XishuangbannaSipsongpannaSipsong Panna
Sipsongpanna (cognate to the Thai สิบสองปันนา, ) is a Tai Lü compound consisting of sipsong "twelve", pan "township" and na "rice paddy".

Romanization of Thai

transliteration of Thairomanization of Thai
The ISO published an international standard for the transliteration of Thai into Roman script in September 2003 (ISO 11940).
There are many systems for the romanization of the Thai language, i.e. representing the language in Latin script.

Kris

kriskeriscreese
The kris (ngoko Javanese: ; krama inggil Javanese: ; ngoko: keris; krama; dhuwung; krama inggil: wangkingan, lit. "to slice"; Jawi: کريس, Thai: กริช krit, Minangkabau: karih, Tagalog: kalis; Bugis and Makassarese: sele) is an asymmetrical dagger with distinctive blade-patterning achieved through alternating laminations of iron and nickelous iron (pamor).

Shan language

ShanShan alphabetTai-speaking
Shan is a member of the Tai–Kadai language family, and is related to Thai.

Thaification

assimilationThai governmentcitizen of Thailand
Although linguists usually classify these idioms as related, but distinct languages, however Thai government forced assimilation policy, cause native speakers often identify them as regional variants or dialects of the "same" Thai language, or as "different kinds of Thai".
One example of this is the prescribed use of Central Thai language in schools.

Isan language

IsanIsan dialectLao
Spoken Thai is mutually intelligible with Lao and Isan, fellow Southwestern Tai languages, to a significantly high degree where its speakers are able to effectively communicate each speaking their respective language.
The vowels of the Isan language are similar to those of Central Thai.