Thailand

🇹🇭ThaiSiamTHAKingdom of ThailandSiameseKingdom of SiamTHThaisNationwide
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.wikipedia
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Bangkok

Bangkok, ThailandKrung ThepBMTA bus
The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand.

Myanmar

BurmeseBurma🇲🇲
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast.

Cambodia

🇰🇭KhmerCambodian
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

Vietnam

🇻🇳Viet NamSocialist Republic of Vietnam
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, part of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia, and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast.

Malaysia

🇲🇾MalaysianMalaya
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand in the north and maritime borders with Singapore in the south, Vietnam in the northeast, and Indonesia in the west.

Laos

LaotianLaoLao People's Democratic Republic
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Laos (, ; ລາວ, Lāo ), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

India

🇮🇳IndianIND
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
1) Mainland Southeast Asia, also known historically as Indochina, comprising parts of Eastern India (India stretches from South Asia to Southeast Asia), Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, and West Malaysia.

Ayutthaya Kingdom

AyutthayaSiamKingdom of Siam
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other.
The Ayutthaya Kingdom (อยุธยา, ; also spelled Ayudhya or Ayodhaya) was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767.

Andaman Sea

Andaman
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
The Andaman Sea (historically also known as the Burma Sea) is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India and touching Myanmar, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula.

2014 Thai coup d'état

coup d'état2014 coup d'état2014 coup d'etat
Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship.
On 22 May 2014, the Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Commander of the Royal Thai Army (RTA), launched a coup d'état, the 12th since the country's first coup in 1932, against the caretaker government of Thailand, following six months of political crisis.

Sukhothai Kingdom

SukhothaiSukhothai periodSukhothai era
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other.
The Kingdom of Sukhothai was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai, in north central Thailand.

Siamese revolution of 1932

Revolution of 19321932 revolutionSiamese Revolution
Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to "Thailand".
The revolution, a coup d'état, was a nearly bloodless transition on 24 June 1932, which changed the system of government in Siam from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.

Constitution of Thailand

constitutionnew constitutionfirst constitution
In the 21st century, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by the military junta.
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand provides the basis for the rule of law in Thailand.

Taksin

King Taksin the GreatKing Taksinfive separate states
Taksin quickly reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom.
He had been an Ekatat servant and then was a leader in the liberation of Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords.

1973 Thai popular uprising

October 1973 popular uprising14 October 1973 uprising14 October uprising
Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule.
The popular uprising of 14 October 1973 (เหตุการณ์ 14 ตุลา, "October 14 Event"; or วันมหาวิปโยค,, "Day of Great Sorrow" ) was a watershed event in Thailand's history.

Economy of Thailand

Thai economyThailandeconomy
With a high level of human development, the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
Thailand is a newly industrialized country.

Sarit Thanarat

a military coupGen. Sarit Thanarat
In the late 1950s, a military coup revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics.
Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat (also spelt Dhanarajata; สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, ; 16 June 1908 – 8 December 1963) was a Thai general who staged a coup in 1957, replacing Plaek Phibunsongkhram as Thailand's prime minister until Sarit died in 1963.

Tourism in Thailand

tourismThailandThailand became a destination for international tourism
With a high level of human development, the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
Tourism is a major economic contributor to the Kingdom of Thailand.

Ngoenyang

Hiran Ngoenyang KingdomKing of Ngoenyang KingdomKingdom of Hiran
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other.
The Kingdom of Hiran or Kingdom of Ngoenyang was an early mueang or kingdom of the Northern Thai people from the 7th through 13th centuries AD and was originally centered on Hiran, formerly Vieng Preuksa, in modern-day Thailand near today's Mae Sai District in Chiang Rai, and later on Ngoenyang or Chiang Saen.

Thai language

ThaiThai:Central Thai
According to Michel Ferlus, the ethnonyms Thai/Tai (or Thay/Tay) would have evolved from the etymon *kri: 'human being' through the following chain: *kəri: > *kəli: > *kədi:/*kədaj > *di:/*daj > *daj A (Proto-Southwestern Tai) > tʰaj A2 (in Siamese and Lao) or > taj A2 (in the other Southwestern and Central Tai languages classified by Li Fangkuei).
Thai, Central Thai, or Ayutthaya or Siamese, is the sole official and national language of Thailand, and the first language of the Central Thai people and vast majority of Thai of Chinese origin.

Mueang

muangMongBuri mueang
The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens.
Mueang (เมือง mɯ̄ang, ), Muang (ເມືອງ mɯ́ang, ), Mường or Mong ( mə́ŋ, ) were pre-modern semi-independent city-states or principalities in Indochina, adjacent regions of Northeast India and Southern China, including what is now Thailand, Laos, Burma, Cambodia, parts of northern Vietnam, southern Yunnan, western Guangxi and Assam.

Gulf of Thailand

Gulf of SiamGulfSiam Gulf
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
The Gulf of Thailand is bordered by Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Lao language

LaoLaotianeponymous language
According to Michel Ferlus, the ethnonyms Thai/Tai (or Thay/Tay) would have evolved from the etymon *kri: 'human being' through the following chain: *kəri: > *kəli: > *kədi:/*kədaj > *di:/*daj > *daj A (Proto-Southwestern Tai) > tʰaj A2 (in Siamese and Lao) or > taj A2 (in the other Southwestern and Central Tai languages classified by Li Fangkuei).
It is the official language of Laos, and it is also spoken in northeast Thailand, where it is usually referred to as the Isan language.

Dvaravati

MonDvarakaDvaravati kingdoms
Mon people established principalities of Dvaravati and kingdom of Hariphunchai in the 6th century.
The Dvaravati (ทวารวดี, ; ទ្វារវត្តី - Tvearvottey) period lasted from around the 6th to the 11th century in what is now Thailand.