Thailand

ThaiSiamTHAKingdom of ThailandSiameseKingdom of SiamTHNationwideThaisThai border
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces.wikipedia
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Bangkok

Bangkok, ThailandKrung ThepKrung Thep Maha Nakhon
The capital and largest city is Bangkok, a special administrative area.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand.

Myanmar

BurmaBurmeseBurma (Myanmar)
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.

Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
It is 181035 km2 in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

Southeast Asia

South East AsiaSouth-East AsiaSoutheast Asian
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
By the 19th century, all Southeast Asian countries were colonised except for Thailand.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand and maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia.

Laos

LaotianLao People's Democratic RepublicLao
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
Located at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, Laos is bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southeast, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

Andaman Sea

AndamanAndaman seacoast
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
The Andaman Sea (historically also known as the Burma Sea) is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India and touching Myanmar, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula.

Ayutthaya Kingdom

Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam)AyutthayaAyutthaya period
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon kingdoms, Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as the Kingdoms of Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya, which rivaled each other.
The Ayutthaya Kingdom (อยุธยา, ; also spelled "Ayudhya" or "Ayodhya") was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767.

2014 Thai coup d'état

coup d'état2014 coup d'état2014 coup d'etat
Although nominally the country is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup, in 2014, established a de facto military dictatorship under a junta.
On 22 May 2014, the Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Commander of the Royal Thai Army (RTA), launched a coup d'état, the 12th since the country's first coup in 1932, against the caretaker government of Thailand, following six months of political crisis.

Sukhothai Kingdom

SukhothaiSukhothai Kingdom (Siam)Sukhothai period
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon kingdoms, Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as the Kingdoms of Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya, which rivaled each other.
The Kingdom of Sukhothai was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai, in north central Thailand.

Taksin

King TaksinKing Taksin the GreatTaksin the Great
Taksin (r.
He had been an Ekatat servant and then was a leader in the liberation of Siam from Burmese occupation after the Second Fall of Ayutthaya in 1767, and the subsequent unification of Siam after it fell under various warlords.

Siamese revolution of 1932

Revolution of 19321932 revolutionSiamese Revolution
Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to "Thailand".
The revolution, in reality a coup d'état, was a nearly bloodless transition on 24 June 1932, which changed the system of government in Siam from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.

2013–2014 Thai political crisis

2013–14 Thai political crisispolitical crisis2013 Thai protests
In 2013, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by a military junta.
The 2013–2014 Thai political crisis was a period of political instability in Thailand.

Constitution of Thailand

constitutionnew constitutionThai constitution
In 2013, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by a military junta.
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand provides the basis for the rule of law in Thailand.

1973 Thai popular uprising

14 October 1973 uprising14 October uprisingOctober 1973 popular uprising
Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule.
The popular uprising of 14 October 1973 (เหตุการณ์ 14 ตุลา, "October 14 Event"; or วันมหาวิปโยค,, "Day of Great Sorrow" ) was a watershed event in Thailand's history.

Economy of Thailand

Thai economyThailandBanking in Thailand
With a high level of human development, the second-largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th-largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
Thailand itself is a newly industrialized country, with a GDP of 16.316 trillion baht (US$505 billion) in 2018, the 8th largest economy of Asia, according to the World Bank.

Sarit Thanarat

Sarit Dhanarajata1959–1963Gen. Sarit Thanarat
In the late 1950s, a military coup under Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat revived the monarchy's historically influential role in politics.
Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat (also spelt Dhanarajata; สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, ; 16 June 1908 – 8 December 1963) was a Thai general who staged a coup in 1957, replacing Plaek Phibunsongkhram as Thailand's prime minister until Sarit died in 1963.

Tourism in Thailand

tourismThailandThailand became a destination for international tourism
With a high level of human development, the second-largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 20th-largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy; manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
Tourism is a major economic contributor to the Kingdom of Thailand.

Ngoenyang

Hiran Ngoenyang KingdomKing of Ngoenyang KingdomKingdom of Hiran
Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon kingdoms, Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as the Kingdoms of Ngoenyang, Sukhothai, Lan Na and Ayutthaya, which rivaled each other.
The Kingdom of Hiran or Kingdom of Ngoenyang was an early mueang or kingdom of the Northern Thai people from the 7th through 13th centuries AD and was originally centered on Hiran, formerly Vieng Preuksa, in modern-day Thailand near today's Mae Sai District in Chiang Rai, and later on Ngoenyang or Chiang Saen.

Gulf of Thailand

Gulf of SiamGulfSiam Gulf
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
The Gulf of Thailand is bordered by Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Mueang

muangMongBuri mueang
The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens.
Mueang (เมือง mɯ̄ang, ), Muang (ເມືອງ mɯ́ang, ), or Mong ( mə́ŋ, ) were pre-modern semi-independent city-states or principalities in mainland Southeast Asia, adjacent regions of Northeast India and Southern China, including what is now Thailand, Laos, Burma, Cambodia, parts of northern Vietnam, southern Yunnan, western Guangxi and Assam.

Thai language

ThaiThai:Central Thai
According to Michel Ferlus, the ethnonyms Thai-Tai (or Thay-Tay) would have evolved from the etymon *kri: 'human being' through the following chain: *kəri: > *kəli: > *kədi:/*kədaj > *di:/*daj > *daj A (Proto-Southwestern Tai) > tʰaj A2 (in Siamese and Lao) or > taj A2 (in the other Southwestern and Central Tai languages classified by Li Fangkuei).
Thai, Central Thai (historically Siamese; ภาษาไทย), is the sole official and national language of Thailand and the first language of the Central Thai people.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASEANASEAN Regional ForumAssociation of South East Asian Nations
Thailand is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and remains a major ally of the US.
ASEAN was preceded by an organisation formed on 31 July 1961 called the Association of Southeast Asia (ASA), a group consisting of Thailand, the Philippines, and the Federation of Malaya.