Thalassocracy

thalassocraciesthalassocraticmaritime trading cultureempire at seaempires of the sealeading naval powermaritime empiremaritime statemaritime tradingPhoenician model
A thalassocracy or thalattocracy (from, and ; giving ) is a state with primarily maritime realms, an empire at sea, or a seaborne empire.wikipedia
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Phoenicia

PhoeniciansPhoenicianPhoenicio
Examples of this are the Phoenician states of Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage of the Mediterranean; and the Austronesian states of Srivijaya and Majapahit of Island Southeast Asia.
Phoenicia (from, ) was a thalassocratic, ancient Semitic-speaking Mediterranean civilization that originated in the Levant, specifically Lebanon, in the west of the Fertile Crescent.

Empire

imperialempiresimperial power
A thalassocracy or thalattocracy (from, and ; giving ) is a state with primarily maritime realms, an empire at sea, or a seaborne empire.
The term, on occasion, has been applied to maritime empires or thalassocracies (e.g. the Athenian and British empires) with looser structures and more scattered territories.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSriwijayaSri Vijaya
Examples of this are the Phoenician states of Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage of the Mediterranean; and the Austronesian states of Srivijaya and Majapahit of Island Southeast Asia.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya in Malay), was a dominant thalassocratic Indonesian empire based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

Tellurocracy

land power
Compare to tellurocracy ("land-based hegemony").
The opposite of tellurocracy is thalassocracy (maritime empires), although in the pure type of a particular state is rarely observed.

Republic of Venice

VenetianVeniceVenetian Republic
Among the most famous is the Republic of Venice, conventionally divided in the fifteenth century into the Dogado of Venice and the Lagoon, the Stato di Terraferma of Venetian holdings in northern Italy, and the Stato da Màr of the Venetian outlands bound by the sea:
In subsequent centuries, the city state established a thalassocracy.

Maritime Silk Road

maritime networkmaritime routesmaritime trade
It continued up to historic times, later becoming the Maritime Silk Road.
For most of its history, Austronesian thalassocracies controlled the flow of the Maritime Silk Road, especially the polities around the straits of Malacca and Bangka, the Malay peninsula, and the Mekong delta; although Chinese records misidentified these kingdoms as being "Indian" due to the Indianization of these regions.

Maritime republics

maritime republicItalian maritime republicsRepubbliche Marinare
Later, northern Italy developed its own trade empires based on Pisa and especially the powerful Republic of Genoa, that rivaled with Venice (these three, along with Amalfi, were to be called the Repubbliche marinare, i.e. Maritime Republics).
The maritime republics (repubbliche marinare) of the Mediterranean Basin were thalassocratic city-states in Italy and Dalmatia during Middle Ages.

Venice

VenetianVenice, ItalyVenezia
Later, northern Italy developed its own trade empires based on Pisa and especially the powerful Republic of Genoa, that rivaled with Venice (these three, along with Amalfi, were to be called the Repubbliche marinare, i.e. Maritime Republics).
From the 9th to the 12th century, Venice developed into a city state (an Italian thalassocracy or repubblica marinara; there were three others: Genoa, Pisa, and Amalfi).

Crown of Aragon

AragonAragoneseCrown of Aragón
At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388).

Command of the sea

sea powernaval supremacysea control
The term thalassocracy can also simply refer to naval supremacy, in either military or commercial senses.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomKing of Majapahit
Examples of this are the Phoenician states of Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage of the Mediterranean; and the Austronesian states of Srivijaya and Majapahit of Island Southeast Asia.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kemaharajaan Majapahit, Kemaharajaan Majapahit, Malaysian: Empayar Majapahit) was a Hindu Empire and thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1527.

Liburnia

Domination of the Liburnian thalassocracy in the Adriatic Sea was confirmed by several Antique writers, but the archeologists have defined a region of their material culture more precisely in northern Dalmatia, Kvarner and eastern Istria.

Muscat and Oman

Sultanate of Muscat and OmanMuscatOman
The Sultanate of Muscat and Oman was a thalassocratic nation that encompassed the present-day Sultanate of Oman and parts of present-day United Arab Emirates and Gwadar, Pakistan.

North Sea Empire

Anglo-Danish KingdomAnglo-Scandinavian EmpireDanish Empire
This ephemeral Norse-ruled empire was a thalassocracy, its components only connected by and dependent upon the sea.

Bruneian Empire

Sultanate of BruneiBruneiBruneian Sultanate
Local historians assume that the Bruneian empire was a thalassocratic empire that was based upon maritime power, which means its influence was confined to coastal towns, ports and river estuarines, and seldom penetrated deep into the interior of the island.

Sultanate of Sulu

SuluSulu SultanateSultan of Sulu
Due to the arrival of western powers such as the Spanish, British, Dutch, French, German and American, the Sultan thalassocracy and sovereign political powers were relinquished by 1915 through an agreement that was signed with the last colonialist, the United States.

Demak Sultanate

Sultanate of DemakDemakDemak kingdom
As most of its power was based on trade and control of coastal cities, Demak can be considered as a thalassocracy.

Sea Peoples

Sea PeoplePeoples of the SeaShekelesh

Tuʻi Tonga Empire

Tu'i Tonga EmpireTui Tonga EmpireTongan Empire

Nomadic empire

nomadic empireshorseback nomadsnomad empire

Archipelagic state

archipelagicarchipelagic countryarchipelagic waters

List of transcontinental countries

transcontinentaltranscontinental countriestranscontinental country

Naval warfare

naval battlenaval historynaval historian