Thar Desert

TharRajasthan Desertagriculturedesertdesert regions of RajasthanGreat IndianGreat Indian (Thar) DesertGreat Indian DesertIndian desertMaru
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200000 km2 and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.wikipedia
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Rajasthan

Rajasthan, IndiaRajasthan StateRajastan
More than 60% of the desert lies in the state of Rajasthan, and extends into Sindh, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.
Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley.

Sindh

Sindh ProvinceSindSindh, Pakistan
More than 60% of the desert lies in the state of Rajasthan, and extends into Sindh, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.
Sindh's landscape consists mostly of alluvial plains flanking the Indus River, the Thar desert in the eastern portion of the province closest to the border with India, and the Kirthar Mountains in the western part of Sindh.

Great Rann of Kutch

Greater Rann of KutchRann of Kutch seasonal salt marshGreat Rann
The Thar Desert extends between the Aravalli Hills in the north-east, the Great Rann of Kutch along the coast and the alluvial plains of the Indus River in the west and north-west.
The Great Rann of Kutch is a salt marsh in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India.

Calligonum polygonoides

phog
Sand dunes are stabilised by erecting micro-windbreak barriers with scrub material and subsequent afforestation of the treated dunes with seedlings of shrubs such as phog, senna, castor oil plant and trees such as gum acacia, Prosopis juliflora and lebbek tree.
Calligonum polygonoides, locally known as phog, is a small shrub found in Thar desert areas, usually 4 feet to 6 feet high but occasionally may reach even 10 feet in height with a girth of 1 to 2 ft. This plant is referred to as orta in old Arabic poetry.

Didwana

Salt water lakes within the Thar Desert include the Sambhar, Kuchaman, Didwana, Pachpadra and Phalodi in Rajasthan and Kharaghoda in Gujarat.
Didwana is a town in Nagaur district of Rajasthan in India, in the Thar Desert.

Luni River

Luni
The Luni River is the only river integrated into the desert.
It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer, passes through the southeastern portion of the Thar Desert, and ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, after travelling a distance of 495 km.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200000 km2 and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.
Cut off from the plain by the ancient Aravalli Range lies the Thar Desert.

Aterian

Aterian cultureDar es Soltan
Lithic tools belonging to the prehistoric Aterian culture of the Maghreb have been discovered in Middle Paleolithic deposits in the Thar Desert.
The Aterian is a Middle Stone Age (or Middle Palaeolithic) stone tool industry centered in North Africa, but also possibly found in Oman and the Thar Desert.

Pakistan

Islamic Republic of PakistanPAKPakistani
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200000 km2 and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan.
The Balochistan Plateau lies in the west and the Thar Desert in the east.

Indira Gandhi Canal

Rajasthan CanalIndira Gandhi Nahar BoardRajasthan Feeder Canal
The 649 km long Indira Gandhi Canal brings fresh water to the Thar Desert.
It starts from the Harike Barrage at Harike, a few kilometers below the confluence of the Satluj and Beas rivers in the Indian state of Punjab and terminates in irrigation facilities in the Thar Desert in the north west of Rajasthan state.

Desert National Park

The Desert National Park in Jaisalmer district has a collection of animal fossils and plants 180 million years old.
The Desert National Park is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert.

Gujarat

Gujarat StateGujarat, IndiaGujrat
More than 60% of the desert lies in the state of Rajasthan, and extends into Sindh, Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.
The Rann of Kutch is a seasonally marshy saline clay desert located in the Thar Desert biogeographic region in between the province of Sindh and the state of Gujarat.

Bishnoi

BishnoisBishnoïsi
The protection provided to them by a local community, the Bishnois, is also a factor.
Bishnoi (also known as Vishnoi) is a Hindu religious sect found in the Western Thar Desert and northern states of India.

Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary

The marshy Rann of Kutch, with its surrounding Thar desert area in Sindh, is one of the most potential habitats for a number of animals and birds in the province.

Shekhawati

Thikanas of ShekhawatiShekhavatiKachawa Shekhawat thakur rulers of Haryana and Shekhawati
Shekhawati is in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan and has special importance in the history of India.

Dune

sand dunesand dunesdunes
High velocity winds blow soil from the desert, depositing some on neighboring fertile lands, and causing shifting sand dunes within the desert.

Aeolian processes

aeolianeolianwind erosion
The soil of the Thar Desert remains dry for much of the year and is prone to wind erosion.

Vachellia jacquemontii

Acacia jacquemontii
Vachellia jacquemontii, known as Baonḷī, is a species of Acacia native to the Thar Desert of India.

Monsoon

southwest monsoonmonsoonsnortheast monsoon
The sand is highly mobile due to strong winds occurring before the onset of the monsoon.
The Thar Desert and adjoining areas of the northern and central Indian subcontinent heat up considerably during the hot summers.

Northwestern thorn scrub forest

Northwestern thorn scrub forests
The ecoregion encircles the Thar Desert and Indus Valley Desert ecoregions.

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

Tal Chappar
These are Sambhar, Pachpadra, Tal Chhapar, Falaudi and Lunkaransar where sodium chloride salt is produced from salt water.
It is a flat saline depression locally known as a "tal" that has a unique ecosystem in the heart of the Thar Desert.

Rann of Kutch

Rann of KachchhLittle Rann of KutchBattle of Rann of Kutch of 1965
Some wildlife species, which are fast vanishing in other parts of India, are found in the desert in large numbers such as the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), chinkara (Gazella bennettii) and Indian wild ass (Equus hemionus khur) in the Rann of Kutch.
The Rann of Kutch is located in the Thar Desert bio-geographic area in the Indian state of Gujarat, with some parts in Pakistani province of Sindh.

Ziziphus nummularia

BerBeriZiziphus rotundifolia
Ziziphus nummularia is a species of Ziziphus native to the Thar Desert of western India and southeastern Pakistan and south Iran.

Jodhpur

Jodhpur, RajasthanJodhpur, RJJodhpor
Jodhpur, the largest city in the region, lies in the scrub forest zone.
Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert.

Crotalaria burhia

Crotalaria burhia (Hindi: saniya सणिया) is a herb found in north-west India, mainly in the Thar desert region.