The Bible and slavery

slaverybelieved it was right to treat black people as slavesBibleBiblical figures having owned slavescoincided with the Bible's teachingsenslavedmentions slaverypassages of Christian scripture dealing with slaveryslaveSlavery in the Bible
The Bible contains several references to slavery, which was a common practice in antiquity.wikipedia
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Slavery

slaveslavesenslaved
The Bible contains several references to slavery, which was a common practice in antiquity.
The Bible mentions slavery as an established institution.

Book of Leviticus

LeviticusVayikraLev.
The Holiness code of Leviticus explicitly allows participation in the slave trade, with non-Israelite residents who had been sold into slavery being regarded as a type of property that could be inherited.
The punishment for blasphemy is death, and there is the setting of rules for eating sacrifices; there is an explanation of the calendar, and there are rules for sabbatical and Jubilee years; there are rules for oil lamps and bread in the sanctuary; and there are rules for slavery.

Sexual slavery

sexual exploitationsex slavewhite slavery
Sexual slavery, or being sold to be a wife, was common in the ancient world.

Bible

biblicalThe BibleChristian Bible
The Bible contains several references to slavery, which was a common practice in antiquity.

Slavery in antiquity

slavesslaveslavery
The Bible contains several references to slavery, which was a common practice in antiquity.

Debt bondage

bonded labourbonded labordebt slavery
The biblical texts outline sources and legal status of slaves, economic roles of slavery, types of slavery, and debt slavery, which thoroughly explain the institution of slavery in Israel in antiquity.

History of ancient Israel and Judah

ancient IsraelIsraelbiblical times
The biblical texts outline sources and legal status of slaves, economic roles of slavery, types of slavery, and debt slavery, which thoroughly explain the institution of slavery in Israel in antiquity. The slaves were seen as an important part of the family's reputation, especially in Hellenistic and Roman times where the slave companions for a woman were seen as a manifestation and protection of a woman's honor.

Old Testament

Oldthe Old TestamentBiblical
The Bible stipulates the treatment of slaves, especially in the Old Testament.

New Testament

NewThe New TestamentNew Testaments
There are also references to slavery in the New Testament.

Patriarchs (Bible)

Patriarchspatriarchbiblical patriarchs
Many of the patriarchs portrayed in the Bible were from the upper echelons of society and the owners of slaves and enslaved those in debt to them, bought their fellow citizens' daughters as concubines, and perpetually enslaved foreign men to work on their fields.

Ruling class

rulingruling classesruling elite
Many of the patriarchs portrayed in the Bible were from the upper echelons of society and the owners of slaves and enslaved those in debt to them, bought their fellow citizens' daughters as concubines, and perpetually enslaved foreign men to work on their fields.

Concubinage

concubineconcubinesconcubin
Many of the patriarchs portrayed in the Bible were from the upper echelons of society and the owners of slaves and enslaved those in debt to them, bought their fellow citizens' daughters as concubines, and perpetually enslaved foreign men to work on their fields.

Elephantine papyri

Jewish temple at ElephantineElephantine175 papyrus documents
Masters were men, and it is not evident that women were able to own slaves until the Elephantine papyri in the 400s BC.

Solomon

King SolomonSalomonSchlomo
During certain reigns, especially those of Solomon and David, statewide slavery may have been instituted for large building projects or work that was deemed intolerable for free men to do.

David

King DavidDavid and GoliathDavidic
During certain reigns, especially those of Solomon and David, statewide slavery may have been instituted for large building projects or work that was deemed intolerable for free men to do.

Judea (Roman province)

JudeaJudaeaIudaea Province
The slaves were seen as an important part of the family's reputation, especially in Hellenistic and Roman times where the slave companions for a woman were seen as a manifestation and protection of a woman's honor.

Rabbi

rabbisOrthodox Rabbimara d'atra
The rabbis are rarely described as having many slaves, but in documents in which they write about slaves, it is always from the master's point of view, which is seen by scholars as an attempt to distinguish the middle-class citizens from slaves who could possibly have held higher positions in society because they were owned by a wealthy man.

Solomon's Temple

First TempleTemple of SolomonTemple
However, owning many slaves was regular among priests in the First Temple days.

Ancient Greek religion

Greek PolytheismGreek religionGreek
This was an especially common practice in Greek religion which was supported by references to high priestly slaves in Josephus' works.

Josephus

Flavius JosephusJosephus FlaviusTitus Flavius Josephus
This was an especially common practice in Greek religion which was supported by references to high priestly slaves in Josephus' works.

Kohen

Kohanimpriestpriests
These works painted the priests in a negative light, and showed the end of the institution coming after the Second Temple days in 70 AD.

Second Temple period

post-exilicSecond Templepost-Exilic period
These works painted the priests in a negative light, and showed the end of the institution coming after the Second Temple days in 70 AD.