The City on the Edge of Forever

Guardian of ForeverCity on the Edge of Forever#28Time Portal
"The City on the Edge of Forever" is the twenty-eighth and penultimate episode of the first season of the American science fiction television series Star Trek.wikipedia
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Harlan Ellison

Cordwainer BirdHarlan Ellison's Dream CorridorEllison
The episode had several writers contribute to the finished product including: Harlan Ellison, Steven W. Carabatsos, D. C. Fontana, Gene L. Coon and a final re-write by Gene Roddenberry.
Some of his best-known work includes the Star Trek episode "The City on the Edge of Forever", his A Boy and His Dog cycle, and his short stories "I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream" and " 'Repent, Harlequin!' Said the Ticktockman".

Writers Guild of America Award for Television: Episodic Drama

Episodic DramaBest Episodic DramaTelevision: Episodic Drama
It won several awards, including the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Episodic Drama on Television and the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.

Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation

Best Dramatic PresentationBest Dramatic Presentation, Short FormHugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, Short Form
It won several awards, including the Writers Guild of America Award for Best Episodic Drama on Television and the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.

D. C. Fontana

D.C. FontanaDorothy C. FontanaDorothy Fontana
The episode had several writers contribute to the finished product including: Harlan Ellison, Steven W. Carabatsos, D. C. Fontana, Gene L. Coon and a final re-write by Gene Roddenberry.
She was one of four writers to re-write Harlan Ellison's "The City on the Edge of Forever", alongside Roddenberry, Gene Coon and Carabatsos who had all made changes at different times to the displeasure of Ellison.

Joan Collins

Dame Joan CollinsJoanJoan Henrietta Collins
In doing so, Kirk falls in love with Edith Keeler (Joan Collins), but realizes that in order to save his future, he must allow her to die.
Her notable appearances on American television during the 1960s included playing the villainous Siren in Batman, Run For Your Life, The Virginian, Mission: Impossible, The Man From U.N.C.L.E., and Star Trek; in the latter, she played Edith Keeler in the episode The City on the Edge of Forever, widely regarded by fans as one of the best episodes across all the Star Trek series, if not the best.

Spock

Mr. SpockMr SpockAmbassador Spock
In the episode, after a heavily medicated Doctor Leonard McCoy (DeForest Kelley) travels back in time and changes history, Captain Kirk (William Shatner) and Spock (Leonard Nimoy) follow him to correct the timeline.
To restore the timeline, he travels with Kirk back to 1930's New York City in "The City on the Edge of Forever".

Gene Roddenberry

RoddenberryEugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry[Gene] Roddenberry
The episode had several writers contribute to the finished product including: Harlan Ellison, Steven W. Carabatsos, D. C. Fontana, Gene L. Coon and a final re-write by Gene Roddenberry.
Roddenberry and Ellison fell out over "The City on the Edge of Forever" after Roddenberry rewrote Ellison's script to make it both financially feasible to film and usable for the series context.

Joseph Pevney

The episode was directed by Joseph Pevney and first aired on NBC on April 6, 1967.
He tied with Marc Daniels for directing the largest number of original Star Trek episodes, including "The Devil in the Dark, "Arena", "The City on the Edge of Forever", "Amok Time", "Journey to Babel", and "The Trouble with Tribbles". Star Trek NBC executive Herb Solow and executive co-producer Robert Justman write, in their 1996 book Star Trek The Real Story, of Pevney: Joseph Pevney was an ex-actor turned director. Some former actors become good directors; some become hack directors. Pevney was the former, but more than just "good." He continued directing TV shows during the 1970s and 1980s. The last he stayed with was Trapper John M.D. running between 1979 and 1986, followed by retirement.

Star Trek: The Original Series

Star TrekThe Original SeriesOriginal Series
"The City on the Edge of Forever" is the twenty-eighth and penultimate episode of the first season of the American science fiction television series Star Trek.
Two episodes depicting time travel ("Tomorrow Is Yesterday" and "Assignment: Earth") conveniently place Enterprise in orbit above 1960s Earth; a third ("The City on the Edge of Forever") places members of the crew on 1930s Earth.

RKO Forty Acres

Forty Acres40 Acres40 Acres backlot
The shoot began on location at the Desilu Forty Acres, with Pevney aiming to complete all the location filming in a single day in order to complete the episode in the allocated six days.
The town square was also used on Star Trek in three episodes entitled "Miri", "Return of the Archons" and "City on the Edge of Forever", while another area of the lot, the "Arab village", was used in "Errand of Mercy" and the first pilot, "The Cage".

John Harmon (actor)

John HarmonJoahn HarmonJohn Harmon
John Harmon appeared as a hobo in "The City on the Edge of Forever", and would return in a more prominent role in "A Piece of the Action".
Harmon's most notable TV roles were in Bonanza, The Twilight Zone, Perry Mason (as a police fingerprint/ballistics expert), Star Trek (in the episodes "The City on the Edge of Forever" and "A Piece of The Action"), and The Rifleman (as the hotel clerk Eddie Halstead).

Janice Rand

Yeoman Janice RandYeoman Rand
There were still plans to film the episode in the first half of the season at that point, as a version included Yeoman Janice Rand (Grace Lee Whitney).
Despite this, and despite Whitney being let go from the show, Harlan Ellison wrote the character into his original script for "The City on the Edge of Forever".

Ray Noble

Ray Noble OrchestraRay Noble & His OrchestraRay Noble and his Orchestra
This episode originally featured the 1931 song "Goodnight Sweetheart", which was originally composed by Ray Noble with lyrics by Jimmy Campbell and Reg Connelly.
It was also used (with vocals by Al Bowlly) on the original television series Star Trek episode The City on the Edge of Forever.

List of Star Trek materials

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Chief Medical Officer Leonard McCoy (DeForest Kelley) is treating an injured Lt. Sulu (George Takei) when the is rocked by a time distortion and McCoy accidentally injects himself with an overdose of cordrazine, a dangerous drug.
Cordrazine, introduced in "The City on the Edge of Forever" is a powerful stimulant used to revive patients in an emergency.

Steven W. Carabatsos

Steve CarabatsosSteven CarabatsosStephen W. Carabatsos
The episode had several writers contribute to the finished product including: Harlan Ellison, Steven W. Carabatsos, D. C. Fontana, Gene L. Coon and a final re-write by Gene Roddenberry.
His first job on the show was to re-write Harlan Ellison's script for "The City on the Edge of Forever" in order to bring it within budget.

Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan

The Wrath of KhanCeti Alpha VGenesis Planet
It said "This beautiful story poignantly establishes the maxim later explored in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan: the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few, or the one. Kirk's reaction before beaming up at the end of the episode is one of William Shatner's most moving moments in all of Trek."
In his plot, the crew of the Enterprise travel back in time to set right a corrupted time line after Klingons use the Guardian of Forever to prevent the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

The Trouble with Tribbles

Deep Space Station K7Sherman’s PlanetTribbles
Fontana said it was one of her two favorite episodes that she was not credited for, alongside "The Trouble with Tribbles".
Critical response to the episode was positive, and it was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation which instead went to fellow Star Trek episode "The City on the Edge of Forever".

The Naked Time

Psi 2000
There are a number of musical pieces reused from earlier episodes in "The City on the Edge of Forever", including sufficient use of the scores from "The Cage", "Where No Man Has Gone Before" and "The Naked Time" that Alexander Courage received an "additional music by" credit.

List of Star Trek characters (G–M)

KorAmanda GraysonKang
The short story "Mind Sifter" by Shirley S. Maiewski saw Captain Kirk stranded on 1950s Earth in a mental hospital, having been abducted by Kor, subjected to a Klingon mind sifter, and transported through the Guardian of Forever.

Star Trek: Of Gods and Men

Of Gods and Men
In the first, Star Trek: Of Gods and Men, The Original Series character Charlie Evans used the Guardian to go back in time and change history.
As they prepare to get underway, they receive a distress call from M-622, the planet housing the Guardian of Forever.

Yesteryear (Star Trek: The Animated Series)

Yesteryear
The Guardian's only other on-screen appearance was in the animated episode "Yesteryear" (1973), in which the Guardian's voice was provided by James Doohan (who portrays Chief Engineer Montgomery Scott).
On stardate 5373.4, Captain Kirk and Spock return from a time-traveling research project they have been conducting with the use of the Guardian of Forever and Starfleet historians.

Star Trek: The Next Generation

The Next GenerationNext GenerationStar Trek The Next Generation
It was 25 years before another television program won that award again, the next occasion being for the episode "The Inner Light" from Star Trek: The Next Generation.
In addition, "The Inner Light" became the first television episode since the 1968 original series Star Trek episode "The City on the Edge of Forever" to win a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation.

Time portal

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The Guardian of Forever, the time portal portrayed in the episode, is an irregular ring (or torus) shaped structure around 3 m wide.
In the 1967 Star Trek episode "The City on the Edge of Forever", a temporarily deranged Dr. Leonard McCoy runs into a time portal, an ancient sentient stone-like ring which calls itself the Guardian of Forever, and is transported back to 1930s Depression-era Earth and history is changed as shown when the Enterprise disappears from orbit.

Star Trek: The Animated Series

Star TrekThe Animated Seriesanimated ''Star Trek
The Guardian's only other on-screen appearance was in the animated episode "Yesteryear" (1973), in which the Guardian's voice was provided by James Doohan (who portrays Chief Engineer Montgomery Scott).

Yesterday's Enterprise

Narendra IIIYesterday's ''Enterprise
A return for the Guardian in The Next Generation was proposed by Trent Christopher Ganino and Eric A. Stillwell during the writing of the episode "Yesterday's Enterprise".
Ganino and Stillwell were particular fans of two episodes from the original Star Trek series, "Mirror, Mirror" and "The City on the Edge of Forever", and wanted to combine elements from them for a Next Generation episode.