The Curse of Capistrano

The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox).wikipedia
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Zorro

El ZorroA Marca do Zorrofictional character
The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox).
Zorro made his debut in the 1919 novel The Curse of Capistrano, originally meant as a stand-alone story.

Johnston McCulley

Johnston M. McCulley
The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox).
McCulley's Zorro character, reminiscent of Baroness Orczy's Scarlet Pimpernel, was first serialized in the story The Curse of Capistrano in 1919 in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

The Mark of Zorro (1920 film)

The Mark of Zorro19201920 film version
After the enormous success of the 1920 film adaptation, The Mark of Zorro, the story was republished under that name by Grosset & Dunlap in 1924.
Based on the 1919 story The Curse of Capistrano by Johnston McCulley, which introduced the masked hero, Zorro, the screenplay was adapted by Fairbanks (as "Elton Thomas") and Eugene Miller.

San Juan Capistrano, California

San Juan CapistranoSan Juan Capistrano, CACapistrano
It is set amongst the historic Spanish missions in California, pueblos (towns) such as San Juan Capistrano, California, and the rural California countryside (see also ranchos of California).
The area was also the locale of Johnston McCulley's first Zorro novella, The Curse of Capistrano, published in 1919 (later renamed The Mark of Zorro after the success of the film of the same name).

Californio

CaliforniaCaliforniancolonial Mexican
The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox). The book tells of the story of Californio Don Diego Vega, alias 'Señor Zorro', in the company of his deaf and mute servant Bernardo and his lover Lolita Pulido, as they oppose the villainous Captain Ramon and Sgt. Gonzales in early 19th-century California during the era of Mexican rule, before it became a U.S. state (see Alta California).

Fox

foxesvixenvulpine
The Curse of Capistrano is a 1919 serialized novel by Johnston McCulley and the first work to feature the fictional Californio character Zorro (zorro is the Spanish word for fox).

Serial (literature)

serialserializedfascicle
Before being published in book form, The Curse of Capistrano appeared as five serialized installments in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

Pulp magazine

pulp fictionpulppulp novel
Before being published in book form, The Curse of Capistrano appeared as five serialized installments in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

Argosy (magazine)

ArgosyThe ArgosyThe All-Story
Before being published in book form, The Curse of Capistrano appeared as five serialized installments in the pulp magazine All-Story Weekly.

Grosset & Dunlap

Grosset and DunlapTempo BooksTempo
After the enormous success of the 1920 film adaptation, The Mark of Zorro, the story was republished under that name by Grosset & Dunlap in 1924.

California

CAState of CaliforniaCalifornia, USA
The book tells of the story of Californio Don Diego Vega, alias 'Señor Zorro', in the company of his deaf and mute servant Bernardo and his lover Lolita Pulido, as they oppose the villainous Captain Ramon and Sgt. Gonzales in early 19th-century California during the era of Mexican rule, before it became a U.S. state (see Alta California).

History of California before 1900

CaliforniaCalifornia historyMexican California
The book tells of the story of Californio Don Diego Vega, alias 'Señor Zorro', in the company of his deaf and mute servant Bernardo and his lover Lolita Pulido, as they oppose the villainous Captain Ramon and Sgt. Gonzales in early 19th-century California during the era of Mexican rule, before it became a U.S. state (see Alta California).

U.S. state

Statestatesstatehood
The book tells of the story of Californio Don Diego Vega, alias 'Señor Zorro', in the company of his deaf and mute servant Bernardo and his lover Lolita Pulido, as they oppose the villainous Captain Ramon and Sgt. Gonzales in early 19th-century California during the era of Mexican rule, before it became a U.S. state (see Alta California).

Alta California

CaliforniaMexican CaliforniaNueva California
The book tells of the story of Californio Don Diego Vega, alias 'Señor Zorro', in the company of his deaf and mute servant Bernardo and his lover Lolita Pulido, as they oppose the villainous Captain Ramon and Sgt. Gonzales in early 19th-century California during the era of Mexican rule, before it became a U.S. state (see Alta California).

Spanish missions in California

missionsmissionSpanish missions
It is set amongst the historic Spanish missions in California, pueblos (towns) such as San Juan Capistrano, California, and the rural California countryside (see also ranchos of California).

Ranchos of California

Mexican land grantranchosrancho
It is set amongst the historic Spanish missions in California, pueblos (towns) such as San Juan Capistrano, California, and the rural California countryside (see also ranchos of California).

Internet Archive

archive.orgWayback Machinearchived
Original 1919 The Curse of Capistrano story at archive.org

California Legacy Project

Short radio episode Clash of Blades from The Mark of Zorro, 1924, by California Legacy Project.

Paperback

The Mark of Zorro

The Curse of Capistrano, a 1919 novel by Johnston McCulley that introduced the character Zorro. In 1924 it was re-published as The Mark of Zorro following the success of the 1920 film, and the novel has since been reprinted using both titles.

Tales of Zorro

The stories in Tales of Zorro incorporate elements from the original Zorro incarnation by Johnston McCulley in The Curse of Capistrano.

Superhero fiction

Superherosuperhero fantasySuperheroes
The most direct antecedents are pulp magazine crime fighters such as the masked and caped Zorro (introduced by Johnston M. McCulley in 1919 with The Curse of Capistrano) with his trademark "Z," the preternaturally mesmeric The Shadow (1930), the "peak human" Doc Savage (1933), and The Spider (1933), and comic strip characters such as Hugo Hercules, Popeye, and the Phantom.