The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu

an earlierDialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et MontesquieuDialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu : 1864Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu
The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu (in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.wikipedia
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Maurice Joly

(in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.
and The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu by John S. Waggoner.

Political satire

political satiristPoliticalpolitical humor
(in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.
One example is Maurice Joly's 1864 pamphlet entitled The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu (Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu), which attacks the political ambitions of Napoleon III.

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Protocols of the Elders of ZionProtocols of ZionThe Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
Small portions were translated in 1967 as an appendix to Norman Cohn's Warrant for Genocide, which identifies it as the main source of the later Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.

Literary forgery

literary hoaxforgeryliterary forger
an infamous Russian-made antisemitic literary forgery.
Graves exposed the strong similarities in the political satire by Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu.

Eugène Sue

Eugene SueSueJoseph Marie Eugène Sue
that in the Dialogue Joly plagiarized seven pages or more from a popular novel Les Mystères du peuple by Eugene Sue.
According to Umberto Eco, parts of Sue's book Les Mystères du peuple served as a source for Maurice Joly in his Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu, a book attacking Napoleon III and his political ambitions.

Lawyer

attorneylawyersattorneys
(in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.

Napoleon III

Napoléon IIILouis NapoleonNapoleon III of France
(in the original French Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ou la politique de Machiavel au XIXe siècle) is a political satire written by French attorney Maurice Joly in protest against the regime of Napoleon III, a.k.a. Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte who ruled France from 1848-1870.

Norman Cohn

Cohn, NormanN. CohnNorman Rufus Colin Cohn
Small portions were translated in 1967 as an appendix to Norman Cohn's Warrant for Genocide, which identifies it as the main source of the later Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

Warrant for Genocide

Small portions were translated in 1967 as an appendix to Norman Cohn's Warrant for Genocide, which identifies it as the main source of the later Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

Lucian

Lucian of SamosataPseudo-LucianLukian
The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Belles-lettres

belles lettresbelletristicbelletrist
The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle

FontenelleBernard de FontenelleBernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle
The piece uses the literary device of a dialogue of the dead, invented by ancient Roman writer Lucian and introduced into the French belles-lettres by Bernard de Fontenelle in the 18th century.

Niccolò Machiavelli

MachiavelliMachiavellianNiccolo Machiavelli
Shadows of the historical characters of Niccolo Machiavelli and Charles Montesquieu meet in Hell in the year 1864 and dispute on politics.

Montesquieu

Charles de Secondat, baron de MontesquieuBaron de MontesquieuCharles de Montesquieu
Shadows of the historical characters of Niccolo Machiavelli and Charles Montesquieu meet in Hell in the year 1864 and dispute on politics.

Ferdinando Galiani

GalianiAbbé GalianiAbbe Galiani
that one evening thinking of economist Abbé Galiani's treatise Dialogues sur le commerce des bleds ("Dialogues on the commerce in wheat")

Pont Royal

and walking by Pont Royal, he was inspired to write a dialogue between Montesquieu and Machiavelli.

Liberalism

liberalliberalssocially liberal
The noble baron Montesquieu would make the case for liberalism; the Florentine politician Machiavelli would present the case for despotism.

Despotism

despotdespoticdespots
The noble baron Montesquieu would make the case for liberalism; the Florentine politician Machiavelli would present the case for despotism.

Brussels

Brussels, BelgiumBrussels-Capital RegionBruxelles
The book was published anonymously (par un contemporain, by a contemporary) in Brussels in 1864

Sainte-Pélagie Prison

Sainte-Pélagieprison Sainte-PélagieSainte-Pelagie
On 25 April 1865, he was sentenced to 18 months at the Sainte-Pélagie Prison in Paris.

1870 French constitutional referendum

180018701870 constitutional referendum
Campaigning against Napoleon III at the 1870 French constitutional referendum, Joly wrote an epilogue to his "Dialogue".

Antisemitism

anti-Semitismanti-Semiticantisemitic
an infamous Russian-made antisemitic literary forgery.

Berne Trial

abundance of evidenceBern Trial
There is an abundance of evidence that The Protocols were lavishly plagiarized from Joly's book.

Umberto Eco

Antisemitic canard

international Jewryantisemitic canardsantisemitic conspiracy theories
This series revealed that much of the material in The Protocols was plagiarized from an earlier political satire that did not have an antisemitic theme.