The Guianas

GuianasGuianaGuyanasthe GuyanasGuiananGuayanaGuaianan highlandsGuiana regionGuyanaGuyana Highlands
The Guianas, sometimes called by the Spanish loan-word Guayanas (Las Guayanas), are a region in north-eastern South America which includes the following three territories: * French Guiana, a region of France * Guyana, formerly known as British Guiana from 1831 until 1966, after the colonies of Berbice, Essequibo, and Demerara, taken from the Netherlands in 1814, were merged into a single colony * Suriname, formerly Dutch Guiana, until 1814 together with Berbice, Essequibo and Demerara.wikipedia
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French Guiana

GuyaneGuianaFrench Guianese
Though some trading outposts that could be considered permanent settlements were founded as early as 1624, French “possession” of the land now known as French Guiana is not recognized as having taken place until at least 1637.
French Guiana ( or ; Guyane ) is an overseas department and region of France on the northern, Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas.

Guyana

GuyaneseBritish GuianaCo-operative Republic of Guyana
A year later he explored what is now Guyana and eastern Venezuela in search of "Manoa", the legendary city of the king known as El Dorado.
The region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters".

Demerara

DemararaDemereraDemerara County
The area east of the existing Essequibo colony, known as Demerara, was relatively isolated and encompassed the trading areas of just a few indigenous tribes, thus it contained only two trading outposts during Gelskerke’s term of office.
Demerara (Demerary) is a historical region in the Guianas on the north coast of South America which is now part of the country of Guyana.

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
The remaining countries and territories are divided among three regions: The Andean States, the Guianas and the Southern Cone.

Essequibo (colony)

EssequiboEssequeboEssequibo colony
Essequibo (Dutch: Essequebo) was a Dutch colony on the Essequibo River in the Guiana region on the north coast of South America from 1616 to 1814.

Suriname

SurinamSurinameseRepublic of Suriname
Nonetheless, the Dutch returned in 1615, founding a new settlement at present-day Cayenne (later abandoned in favor of Suriname), one on the Wiapoco River (now more commonly known as the Oyapock) and one on the upper Amazon.
The earliest documented colony in Guiana was an English settlement named Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River.

Dutch colonisation of the Guianas

Dutch GuianaGuianaDutch Guyana
The Dutch originally claimed all of Guiana (also called De wilde kust, the "Wild Coast") but—following attempts to sell it first to Bavaria and then to Hanau and the loss of sections to Portugal, Britain, and France—the section actually settled and controlled by the Netherlands became known as Dutch Guiana (Dutch: Nederlands-Guiana).

Amapá

Amapá stateAPAmapa
In the colonial period the region was called Portuguese Guiana and was part of Portugal's State of Brazil.

Guayana Region, Venezuela

GuayanaGuayana RegionVenezuelan Guiana
A year later he explored what is now Guyana and eastern Venezuela in search of "Manoa", the legendary city of the king known as El Dorado.
During the colonial period until the early 18th century, it was known as Spanish Guiana.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
The native tribes of the Northern Amazon are most closely related to the natives of the Caribbean; most evidence suggests that the Arawaks immigrated from the Orinoco and Essequibo River Basin in Venezuela and Guiana into the northern islands, and were then supplanted by more warlike tribes of Carib Indians, who departed from these same river valleys a few centuries later.
On the mainland, Belize, Nicaragua, the Caribbean region of Colombia, Cozumel, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, and the Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Guayana Region in Venezuela, and Amapá in Brazil) are often included due to their political and cultural ties with the region.

Indigenous peoples of the Americas

Native AmericanNative Americansindigenous
The native tribes of the Northern Amazon are most closely related to the natives of the Caribbean; most evidence suggests that the Arawaks immigrated from the Orinoco and Essequibo River Basin in Venezuela and Guiana into the northern islands, and were then supplanted by more warlike tribes of Carib Indians, who departed from these same river valleys a few centuries later.
The term Amerindian (a blend of "American and Indian") and its cognates find preferred use in scientific contexts and in Quebec, the Guianas and the English-speaking Caribbean.

Lake Parime

Raleigh described the city of El Dorado as being located on Lake Parime far up the Orinoco River in Guyana.
Sir Walter Raleigh began the exploration of the Guianas in earnest in 1594 and described the city of Manoa, which he believed to be the legendary city of El Dorado, as being located on Lake Parime far up the Orinoco River in Venezuela.

Surinam (Dutch colony)

SurinamDutch GuianaSuriname
The treaty allowed the Dutch to retain control over the valuable sugar plantations and factories on the coast of Suriname which had been secured by Abraham Crijnssen earlier in 1667.
Surinam (Suriname) was a Dutch plantation colony in the Guianas, neighboured by the equally Dutch colony of Berbice to the west, and the French colony of Cayenne to the east.

British Guiana

British GuyanaBritish GuianeseGuiana
The Dutch lost Berbice, Essequibo, and Demerara; these colonies were consolidated under a central British administration and would be known after 1831 as British Guiana.

Berbice

Berbice, Guyanacolony of BerbiceBerbicians
The Dutch lost Berbice, Essequibo, and Demerara; these colonies were consolidated under a central British administration and would be known after 1831 as British Guiana.

Venezuela

VenezuelanBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVEN

Delta Amacuro

Miss Delta AmacuroDelta Amacuro StateDelta Amacuro Federal Territory