The Hoover Company

HooverHoover CompanyHoover LtdHoover Ltd.Hoover plcHoover USHoover Vacuum Company HooverHoover AustraliaHoover Company (currently Techtronic Industries)
Hoover is a vacuum cleaner company founded in Ohio in the US.wikipedia
163 Related Articles

James M. Spangler

James Murray Spangler
The first upright vacuum cleaner was invented in June 1908 by Canton, Ohio department store janitor and occasional inventor James Murray Spangler (1848–1915).
William H. Hoover was so impressed with the vacuum cleaner that he bought into Spangler's business and patents.

Vacuum cleaner

vacuum cleanersvacuumvacuuming
The first upright vacuum cleaner was invented in June 1908 by Canton, Ohio department store janitor and occasional inventor James Murray Spangler (1848–1915). Hoover is a vacuum cleaner company founded in Ohio in the US. It also established a major base in the United Kingdom and mostly in the 20th century it dominated the electric vacuum cleaner industry, to the point where the Hoover brand name became synonymous with vacuum cleaners and vacuuming in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Unable to produce the design himself due to lack of funding, he sold the patent in 1908 to local leather goods manufacturer William Henry Hoover (1849-1932), who had Spangler's machine redesigned with a steel casing, casters, and attachments, founding the company that in 1922 was renamed the Hoover Company.

North Canton, Ohio

North CantonNew BerlinNew Berlin, Ohio
William Henry "Boss" Hoover (August 18, 1849 – February 25, 1932) and son Herbert William Hoover Sr. (October 30, 1877 – September 16, 1954) were leather goods manufacturers in North Canton, Ohio, which at the time was called New Berlin.
In 1908, Hoover began manufacturing vacuum cleaners.

Techtronic Industries

TTITechtronic Industries Co. Ltd. & TTI Floor Care Technology Ltd.TTI Co. Ltd Group
Hoover was part of the Whirlpool Corporation but was sold in 2006 to Techtronic Industries for $107 million. In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo).
Founded in 1985 in Hong Kong, TTI's brand portfolio includes Milwaukee, AEG, Ryobi, Homelite, Empire, Stiletto, Hoover US, Hart, Oreck, Vax, and Dirt Devil.

Henry Dreyfuss

DreyfussDreyfuss Associates
In the early 1930s the company retained the services of Henry Dreyfuss, an up-and-coming industrial designer, to give the Hoover line-up a much needed update.
Hoover model 150 vacuum cleaner (1936)

Whirlpool Corporation

Whirlpoolthe 1900 Washer Co.Whirlpool Slovakia
Hoover was part of the Whirlpool Corporation but was sold in 2006 to Techtronic Industries for $107 million.
After the U.S. Justice Department approved the merger in 2006, the company acquired Maytag, including the Maytag, Jenn-Air, Amana, Jade, Magic Chef, Admiral, Hoover, and Dixie-Narco brands.

Generic trademark

genericized trademarkgenericizedgeneric
Hoover is a vacuum cleaner company founded in Ohio in the US. It also established a major base in the United Kingdom and mostly in the 20th century it dominated the electric vacuum cleaner industry, to the point where the Hoover brand name became synonymous with vacuum cleaners and vacuuming in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Thermos, Kleenex, ChapStick, Aspirin, Dumpster, Band-Aid, Velcro, Hoover, Jet Ski and Speedo are examples of trademarks that have become genericized in the US and elsewhere.

Maytag

Maytag CorporationMaytag RepairmanMaytag Dishwashers
It was acquired by Maytag Corporation in 1989. In 1992, the British division of Hoover announced the Hoover free flights promotion, the demand for which rose far beyond the company's expectations, resulting in major costs and public relations problems for the British division and Maytag, which eventually led to its sale to the Italian manufacturer Candy.
In floor care, Maytag owned the Hoover brand, the market leader in North America and the floor-care brand with the highest consumer recognition and buying preference.

Washing machine

washing machineswasherwashers
Hoovermatic; A long running line of top-loading twin-tub washing machines which ran from 1948 until 1992, sold mainly in Europe, Australia and New Zealand.
Another early form of automatic washing machine manufactured by The Hoover Company used cartridges to program different wash cycles.

Merthyr Tydfil

Merthyra decline in the heavy industriesMerthyr Tydvil
On Friday, 6 March 2009, Hoover confirmed that it would discontinue production of washing machines and other laundry products at its Merthyr Tydfil factory, Mid Glamorgan from Saturday, 14 March 2009; giving the reason, the company stated that it could no longer manufacture competitively priced laundry products at the plant.
In October 1948 the American-owned Hoover Company opened a large washing machine factory and depot in the village of Pentrebach, a few miles south of the town.

Hoover free flights promotion

a disastrous promotional campaignoffered customers a round-trip ticket anywhere
In 1992, the British division of Hoover announced the Hoover free flights promotion, the demand for which rose far beyond the company's expectations, resulting in major costs and public relations problems for the British division and Maytag, which eventually led to its sale to the Italian manufacturer Candy.
To sell surplus washing machines and vacuum cleaners, the British division of the Hoover Company promised free airline tickets to customers who purchased more than £100 worth of products.

Candy (company)

CandyCandy Group
In 1992, the British division of Hoover announced the Hoover free flights promotion, the demand for which rose far beyond the company's expectations, resulting in major costs and public relations problems for the British division and Maytag, which eventually led to its sale to the Italian manufacturer Candy.
Candy's appliances such as washing machines and fridges are known more through their continued marketing of the Hoover and Kelvinator brands, with over 80% of sales outside Italy.

Kirby Company

KirbyKirby Vacuum CleanerKirby home cleaning systems
In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo).
James Kirby invented the "vacuette" circa 1920, and their primary competitors were The Hoover Company and The Eureka Company which both began operations in 1909, and Bissell who originally built carpet sweepers beginning in 1876.

Chicago Pacific Corporation

Chicago Pacific Corp.
In 1985, Hoover was purchased by the Chicago Pacific Corporation, and in 1989, Chicago Pacific was purchased by Maytag.
It managed to use much of the capital made from the liquidation of the Rock Island to acquire non-rail ventures such as The Hoover Company, Pennsylvania House/Kittinger, Inc., and Rowenta A.G.. In 1988, the now profitable company was acquired by the Maytag Corporation.

Eureka (company)

EurekaEureka Vacuum Cleaner CompanyEureka vacuum cleaners
In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo).
In 1922 they introduced the Eureka Model 9, which undercut their main competitor Hoover by 50% in price, with the same horsepower motor and a front-mounted bag that customers preferred to Hoover's rear-mounted bag, offered with a 10-day home trial, becoming the Model T of the vacuum cleaner industry, selling 1 million units in three years.

Dirt Devil

Dirt Devil - Royal Appliance Mfg (now TTI Floor Care North America Techtronic Industries)Royal Corporation
In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo).
TTI stands for Techtronic Industries, a Hong Kong-based firm and the Hoover, Vax, and other vacuum cleaners.

Hoover Building

Hoover Factory
Hoover Building, 1930s art deco factory and offices in London
The site opened in 1933 as the UK headquarters, manufacturing plant and repairs centre for The Hoover Company.

Dyson (company)

DysonDyson companyDyson Ltd.
In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo).
In 1999, the US company Hoover was found guilty of patent infringement.

Bissell

Bissell Carpet Sweeper CompanyBissell HomecareBissell Homecare Inc.
In the United States, Hoover's competition includes: Royal, Dirt Devil, Oreck, and Vax (all of which are owned by Hoover's Hong Kong owner Techtronic Industries); Kirby; Rexair; Eureka; Dyson; Electrolux; Panasonic; Bissell; and Kenmore (the house brand of American store chain Sears, which is manufactured predominantly by Panasonic and Sanyo). Spangler was an asthmatic, and suspecting the carpet sweeper he was using at work was the cause of his ailment, he created a basic suction-sweeper by mounting an electric fan motor on a Bissell brand carpet sweeper then adding a soap box and a broom handle.
In 2009, they outpaced Hoover to take the number one position for floor-care sales in North America.

Major appliance

white goodsdomestic appliancewhitegoods
Today, the Hoover Europe brand, as part of the portfolio of brands owned by Candy Group, remains a major player in the European white goods and floor care sectors in a number of countries.

Canton, Ohio

CantonCanton, OH Canton
The first upright vacuum cleaner was invented in June 1908 by Canton, Ohio department store janitor and occasional inventor James Murray Spangler (1848–1915).

Bakelite

Bakelite Corporationphenolic resinBakelite Corp.
For the first time since the introduction of the Hoover vacuum cleaner, the mechanical workings were completely concealed from sight by a Bakelite cover.

The Saturday Evening Post

Saturday Evening PostEvening PostPost
Faced with a total lack of interest by the public in his expensive and unfamiliar new gadget, Hoover placed an ad in The Saturday Evening Post offering customers ten days' free use of his vacuum cleaner to anyone who requested it.

Mid Glamorgan

MidMid Glamorgan County CouncilMGM
On Friday, 6 March 2009, Hoover confirmed that it would discontinue production of washing machines and other laundry products at its Merthyr Tydfil factory, Mid Glamorgan from Saturday, 14 March 2009; giving the reason, the company stated that it could no longer manufacture competitively priced laundry products at the plant.

Pentrebach

The company was established in the town over sixty years ago, its factory at Pentrebach, Merthyr Tydfil, opening on 12 October 1948.