The Lancet

LancetLancet OncologyThe Lancet OncologyThe Lancet NeurologyThe Lancet Infectious DiseasesLancet Infectious DiseasesLancet NeurologyLancet Public HealthThe Lancent PsychiatryThe Lancet Global Health
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.wikipedia
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Thomas Wakley

The journal was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, an English surgeon who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet (scalpel), as well as after the architectural term "lancet arch", a window with a sharp pointed arch, to indicate the "light of wisdom" or "to let in light".
He was the founding editor of The Lancet, a radical Member of Parliament (MP) and a celebrated coroner.

Elsevier

Elsevier ScienceNorth-HollandJournal of Algorithms
The Lancet has been owned by Elsevier since 1991.
Its products include journals such as The Lancet and Cell, the ScienceDirect collection of electronic journals, the Trends and Current Opinion series of journals, the online citation database Scopus, and the ClinicalKey search engine for clinicians.

Richard Horton (editor)

Richard Horton
Since 1995, the editor-in-chief is Richard Horton. The editor-in-chief, Richard Horton, went on the record to say the paper had "fatal conflicts of interest" because the study's lead author, Andrew Wakefield, had a serious conflict of interest that he had not declared to The Lancet.
Richard Charles Horton, FRCP, FMedSci, (born 29 December 1961) is the present editor-in-chief of The Lancet, a United Kingdom-based medical journal.

General medical journal

medical journals
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
Among the oldest general medical journals that are still published today are the Lancet, which was established in 1823, and the New England Journal of Medicine, which was established in 1812.

MMR vaccine and autism

MMR vaccine controversyMMR vaccinecontroversy
The Lancet was criticized after it published a paper in 1998 in which the authors suggested a link between the MMR vaccine and autism.
The fraudulent research paper authored by Andrew Wakefield and published in The Lancet claimed to link the vaccine to colitis and autism spectrum disorders.

Andrew Wakefield

The editor-in-chief, Richard Horton, went on the record to say the paper had "fatal conflicts of interest" because the study's lead author, Andrew Wakefield, had a serious conflict of interest that he had not declared to The Lancet.
As a gastroenterologist at the Royal Free Hospital in London, he published a 1998 paper in The Lancet claiming a link between the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism.

The New England Journal of Medicine

New England Journal of MedicineNEJMBoston Medical and Surgical Journal
According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 53.254, ranking it second after The New England Journal of Medicine in the category "Medicine, General".
By comparison, the second and third ranked journals in the category (The Lancet and JAMA) had impact factors of 53.254 and 47.661 respectively.

Lancet surveys of Iraq War casualties

Lancet surveys of casualties of the Iraq War655,000 Iraqi civilians dead2006 ''Lancet'' survey
In 2006, a follow-up study by the same team suggested that the violent death rate in Iraq was not only consistent with the earlier estimate, but had increased considerably in the intervening period (see Lancet surveys of casualties of the Iraq War).
The Lancet, one of the oldest scientific medical journals in the world, published two peer-reviewed studies on the effect of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and subsequent occupation on the Iraqi mortality rate.

Scalpel

lancetscalpelssurgical knife
The journal was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, an English surgeon who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet (scalpel), as well as after the architectural term "lancet arch", a window with a sharp pointed arch, to indicate the "light of wisdom" or "to let in light".

Homeopathy

homeopathichomeopathhomoeopathy
Recent examples include criticism of the World Health Organization (WHO), rejection of the WHO's claims of the efficacy of homoeopathy as a therapeutic option, disapproval during the time Reed Exhibitions (a division of Reed Elsevier) hosted arms industry fairs, a call in 2003 for tobacco to be made illegal, and a call for an independent investigation into the American bombing of a hospital in Afghanistan in 2015.
The positive finding of one of the most prominent of the early meta-analyses, published in The Lancet in 1997 by Linde et al., was later reframed by the same research team, who wrote:

Jon Sudbø

In January 2006, it was revealed that data had been fabricated in an article by the Norwegian cancer researcher Jon Sudbø and 13 co-authors published in The Lancet in October 2005.
The article that led to his downfall, which was published in The Lancet, was based on 900 patients Sudbø had fabricated entirely.

RELX

Reed ElsevierReed Business InformationReed International
Recent examples include criticism of the World Health Organization (WHO), rejection of the WHO's claims of the efficacy of homoeopathy as a therapeutic option, disapproval during the time Reed Exhibitions (a division of Reed Elsevier) hosted arms industry fairs, a call in 2003 for tobacco to be made illegal, and a call for an independent investigation into the American bombing of a hospital in Afghanistan in 2015.
Its best-known titles are The Lancet and Cell.

Kunduz hospital airstrike

2015 American airstrikeAmerican bombing of a hospitalAmerican bombing of the MSF hospital
Recent examples include criticism of the World Health Organization (WHO), rejection of the WHO's claims of the efficacy of homoeopathy as a therapeutic option, disapproval during the time Reed Exhibitions (a division of Reed Elsevier) hosted arms industry fairs, a call in 2003 for tobacco to be made illegal, and a call for an independent investigation into the American bombing of a hospital in Afghanistan in 2015.
The call for an independent investigation was supported by The Lancet (a medical journal), and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein.

MMR vaccine

MMRmeasles-mumps-rubella vaccineMMR vaccination
The Lancet was criticized after it published a paper in 1998 in which the authors suggested a link between the MMR vaccine and autism.
In 2010, Wakefield's research was found by the General Medical Council to have been "dishonest", and The Lancet fully retracted the paper.

Iraq War

Operation Iraqi FreedomIraqwar in Iraq
The Lancet also published a controversial estimate of the Iraq War's Iraqi death toll—around 100,000—in 2004.
Articles in The Lancet and Al Jazeera have suggested that the number of cases of cancer, birth defects, miscarriages, illnesses and premature births may have increased dramatically after the first and second Iraq wars, due to the presences of depleted uranium and chemicals introduced during American attacks.

Peer review

peer-reviewedpeer-reviewpeer reviewed
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.

Surgeon

surgeonsDoctorGeneral Surgeon
The journal was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, an English surgeon who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet (scalpel), as well as after the architectural term "lancet arch", a window with a sharp pointed arch, to indicate the "light of wisdom" or "to let in light".

Gothic architecture

GothicGothic styleLate Gothic
The journal was founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley, an English surgeon who named it after the surgical instrument called a lancet (scalpel), as well as after the architectural term "lancet arch", a window with a sharp pointed arch, to indicate the "light of wisdom" or "to let in light".

Beijing

Beijing, ChinaPekingPeking, China
The journal has editorial offices in London, New York, and Beijing.

Journal Citation Reports

JCRJCR databaseJournal Citation Reports/Science Edition
According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 53.254, ranking it second after The New England Journal of Medicine in the category "Medicine, General".

Impact factor

impactjournal impact factorimpact factors
According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 53.254, ranking it second after The New England Journal of Medicine in the category "Medicine, General".

Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialist
The Lancet also publishes several specialty journals: The Lancet Neurology (neurology), The Lancet Oncology (oncology), The Lancet Infectious Diseases (infectious diseases), The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (respiratory medicine), The Lancet Psychiatry (psychiatry), The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology (endocrinology), and The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Gastroenterology) all of which publish original research and reviews.

Neurology

neurologistneurologicalneurologists
The Lancet also publishes several specialty journals: The Lancet Neurology (neurology), The Lancet Oncology (oncology), The Lancet Infectious Diseases (infectious diseases), The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (respiratory medicine), The Lancet Psychiatry (psychiatry), The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology (endocrinology), and The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Gastroenterology) all of which publish original research and reviews.

Oncology

oncologistmedical oncologyoncological
The Lancet also publishes several specialty journals: The Lancet Neurology (neurology), The Lancet Oncology (oncology), The Lancet Infectious Diseases (infectious diseases), The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (respiratory medicine), The Lancet Psychiatry (psychiatry), The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology (endocrinology), and The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Gastroenterology) all of which publish original research and reviews.