The Liberator (newspaper)

Liberator v.1, No.1, 1831
An issue of The Liberator depicting African Americans next to a lynching tree
Fundraising appeal of William Garrison, 1834
Garrison celebrates 13th amendment William Lloyd Garrison.
1850 Liberator masthead, designed by Hammatt Billings

Weekly abolitionist newspaper, printed and published in Boston by William Lloyd Garrison and, through 1839, by Isaac Knapp.

- The Liberator (newspaper)

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William Lloyd Garrison

Prominent American Christian, abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer.

William Lloyd Garrison, circa 1870
Portrait of Garrison by Nathaniel Jocelyn, 1833
Portrait of William Lloyd Garrison in Century Magazine
Portrait of Garrison's wife, Helen Eliza Benson Garrison
William Lloyd Garrison, engraving from 1879 newspaper
Anne Whitney, William Lloyd Garrison, 1879, Massachusetts Historical Society
Oliver Johnson
Broadside of John Brown's last speech
Garrison and fellow abolitionists George Thompson and Wendell Phillips, seated at table, daguerreotype, c. 1850–1851
Photograph of Garrison
Mr. Wm. Lloyd Garrison, [c. 1859–1870]. Carte de Visite Collection, Boston Public Library
Grave of William Lloyd Garrison
Memorial to Garrison on the mall of Commonwealth Avenue, Boston

He is best known for his widely read antislavery newspaper The Liberator, which he founded in 1831 and published in Boston until slavery in the United States was abolished by constitutional amendment in 1865.

Nat Turner's slave rebellion

Rebellion of enslaved Virginians that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner.

Discovery of Nat Turner (c. 1831–1876)
Annular solar eclipse of February 12, 1831
Belmont, where the rebellion was quashed
1831 woodcut entitled Horrid Massacre in Virginia

According to a letter to the editor of The Liberator, a link between the revolt and William Lloyd Garrison's newspaper was "the opinion of many" in the South, and the letter goes on to state that, if Garrison were to go to the South, he "would not be permitted to live long, ...he would be taken away, and no one be the wiser for it. ...[I]f Mr Garrison were to go to the South, he would be dispatched immediately, ...[an] opinion expressed by persons at the South, repeatedly."

The North Star (anti-slavery newspaper)

Nineteenth-century anti-slavery newspaper published from the Talman Building in Rochester, New York, by abolitionist Frederick Douglass.

The North Star, June 2, 1848
February 22, 1850 issue

In 1846, Frederick Douglass was first inspired to publish The North Star after subscribing to The Liberator, a weekly newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison.

Frederick Douglass

African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.

Douglass in 1879
Anna Murray Douglass, Douglass's wife for 44 years, portrait ca. 1860
Frederick Douglass, c. undefined 1840s, in his 20s
The home and meetinghouse of the Johnsons, where Douglass and his wife lived in New Bedford, Massachusetts
William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist and one of Douglass's first friends in the North
Plaque to Frederick Douglass, West Bell St., Dundee, Scotland
Douglass in 1847, around 29 years of age
Douglass circa 1847–52, around his early 30s
Frederick Douglass in 1856, around 38 years of age
Douglass argued against John Brown's plan to attack the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, painting by Jacob Lawrence
1863 broadside Men of Color to Arms!, written by Douglass
Frederick Douglass in 1876, around 58 years of age
Douglass's former residence in the U Street Corridor of Washington, D.C. He built 2000–2004 17th Street, NW, in 1875.
Frederick Douglass after 1884 with his second wife Helen Pitts Douglass (sitting). The woman standing is her sister Eva Pitts.
Cedar Hill, Douglass's house in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, D.C., is preserved as a National Historic Site.
The gravestone of Frederick Douglass, located in Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester
A poster from the Office of War Information, Domestic Operations Branch, News Bureau, 1943
A 1965 U.S. postage stamp, published during the upsurge of the civil rights movement

He subscribed to William Lloyd Garrison's weekly newspaper, The Liberator.

American Civil War

Civil war in the United States between the Union (states that remained loyal to the federal union, or "the North") and the Confederacy (states that voted to secede, or "the South").

Clockwise from top: Battle of Gettysburg

Union Captain John Tidball's artillery

Confederate prisoners

ironclad USS Atlanta (1861)

Ruins of Richmond, Virginia

Battle of Franklin
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe, aroused public opinion about the evils of slavery. According to legend, when Lincoln was introduced to her at the White House, his first words were, "So this is the little lady who started this Great War."
Frederick Douglass, a former slave, was a leading abolitionist
Marais des Cygnes massacre of anti-slavery Kansans, May 19, 1858
Mathew Brady, Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1860
The first published imprint of secession, a broadside issued by the Charleston Mercury, December 20, 1860
Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)
Bombardment of the Fort by the Confederates
Rioters attacking a building during the New York anti-draft riots of 1863
Clashes on the rivers were melees of ironclads, cottonclads, gunboats and rams, complicated by naval mines and fire rafts.
Battle between the USS Monitor and USS Merrimack (1855)
General Scott's "Anaconda Plan" 1861. Tightening naval blockade, forcing rebels out of Missouri along the Mississippi River, Kentucky Unionists sit on the fence, idled cotton industry illustrated in Georgia.
Gunline of nine Union ironclads. South Atlantic Blockading Squadron off Charleston. Continuous blockade of all major ports was sustained by North's overwhelming war production.
A December 1861 cartoon in Punch magazine in London ridicules American aggressiveness in the Trent Affair. John Bull, at right, warns Uncle Sam, "You do what's right, my son, or I'll blow you out of the water."
County map of Civil War battles by theater and year
Robert E. Lee
"Stonewall" Jackson got his nickname at Bull Run.
George B. McClellan
The Battle of Antietam, the Civil War's deadliest one-day fight.
Confederate dead overrun at Marye's Heights, reoccupied next day May 4, 1863
Pickett's Charge
Ulysses S. Grant
Albert Sidney Johnston died at Shiloh
By 1863, the Union controlled large portions of the Western Theater, especially areas surrounding the Mississippi River
The Battle of Chickamauga, the highest two-day losses
Nathaniel Lyon secured St. Louis docks and arsenal, led Union forces to expel Missouri Confederate forces and government.
New Orleans captured
William Tecumseh Sherman
These dead soldiers—from Ewell's May 1864 attack at Spotsylvania—delayed Grant's advance on Richmond in the Overland Campaign.
Philip Sheridan
Map of Confederate territory losses year by year
Burying Union dead on the Antietam battlefield, 1862
Through the supervision of the Freedmen's Bureau, northern teachers traveled into the South to provide education and training for the newly freed population.
Beginning in 1961 the U.S. Post Office released commemorative stamps for five famous battles, each issued on the 100th anniversary of the respective battle.
The Battle of Fort Sumter, as depicted by Currier and Ives.

The most radical anti-slavery newspaper, The Liberator, invoked the Puritans and Puritan values over a thousand times.

The Nation

Oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, covering progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis.

The Evening Post and The Nation, 210 Broadway, Manhattan, New York

It was founded on July 6, 1865, as a successor to William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper that closed in 1865, after ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Isaac Knapp

American abolitionist printer, publisher, and bookseller in Boston, Massachusetts.

Page from Knapp's Anti-Slavery Almanac for 1838, showing that the Boston office of the American Anti-Slavery Society was in his shop.
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, 1837
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 1
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 2
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 3
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 4
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 5
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 6
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 7
Catalog of anti-slavery publications sold by Isaac Knapp, p. 8

He is remembered primarily for his collaboration with William Lloyd Garrison in printing and publishing The Liberator newspaper.

Abolitionism in the United States

Active from the late colonial era until the American Civil War, the end of which brought about the abolition of American slavery through the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution .

Collection box for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, circa 1850.
Thones Kunders's house at 5109 Germantown Avenue, where the 1688 Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery was written.
Samuel Sewall (1652–1730), judge who wrote The Selling of Joseph (1700) which denounced the spread of slavery in the American colonies.
Benjamin Kent, lawyer that freed a slave in America (1766)
Thomas Paine's 1775 article "African Slavery in America" was one of the first to advocate abolishing slavery and freeing slaves.
An animation showing when states and territories forbade or admitted slavery 1789–1861
Wm. Lloyd Garrison (1805–1879), publisher of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Wood engraving of proslavery riot in Alton, Illinois, on 7 November 1837, which resulted in the murder of abolitionist Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802–1837).
Lysander Spooner (1808–1887), an individualist anarchist who wrote The Unconstitutionality of Slavery (1845).
Idealized portrait of John Brown being adored by an enslaved mother and child as he walks to his execution.
Frederick Douglass (1818–1895), a former slave whose memoirs, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (1845) and My Bondage and My Freedom (1855), became bestsellers, which aided the cause of abolition.
Charles Turner Torrey, c. 1840, from Memoir of Rev. Charles T. Torrey, Joseph P. Lovejoy, ed. (Boston: John P. Jewett & Co.), 1847
Uncle Tom's Cabin inflamed public opinion in the North and Europe against the personified evils of slavery.
This Democratic editorial cartoon links Republican candidate John Frémont (far right) to temperance, feminism, Fourierism, free love, Catholicism, and abolition.
John Brown (1800–1859), abolitionist who advocated armed rebellion by slaves. He slaughtered pro-slavery settlers in Kansas and in 1859 was hanged by the state of Virginia for leading an unsuccessful slave insurrection at Harpers Ferry.
This photo of Gordon was widely distributed by abolitionists.
Wilson Chinn, a branded slave from Louisiana--became one of the most widely circulated photos of the abolitionist movement during the American Civil War
John Jay (1745–1829), a founder of the New York Manumission Society in 1785
This anti-slavery map shows the slave states in black, with black-and-white shading representing the threatened spread of slavery into Texas and the western territories.
Officers and men of the Irish-Catholic 69th New York Volunteer Regiment attend Catholic services in 1861.
Like many Quakers, Lucretia Mott considered slavery an evil to be opposed.
Plaque commemorating the founding of the Female Anti-Slavery Society in Philadelphia in 1833
Burning of Pennsylvania Hall, home of the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society. Print by John Caspar Wild. Note firemen spraying water on adjacent building.
Henry Clay (1777–1852), one of the three founders of the American Colonization Society.

The American beginning of abolitionism as a political movement is usually dated from 1 January 1831, when Wm. Lloyd Garrison (as he always signed himself) published the first issue of his new weekly newspaper, The Liberator (1831), which appeared without interruption until slavery in the United States was abolished in 1865, when it closed.

Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society

Abolitionist, interracial organization in Boston, Massachusetts, in the mid-19th century.

From the constitution of the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society, ca.1836

Thompson canceled at the last minute, and Wm. Lloyd Garrison, editor and publisher of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, was quickly scheduled to speak in his place.

Sarah Moore Grimké

American abolitionist, widely held to be the mother of the women's suffrage movement.

In 1836, Sarah published An Epistle to the Clergy of the Southern States. In 1837, Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women was published serially in a Massachusetts newspaper, The Spectator, and immediately reprinted in The Liberator, the newspaper published by radical abolitionist and women's rights leader William Lloyd Garrison.