The Lord of the Rings (1978 film)

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The Lord of the Rings is a 1978 adult animated high fantasy film directed by Ralph Bakshi.wikipedia
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Ralph Bakshi

Bakshi ProductionsRalph's SpotBakshi
The Lord of the Rings is a 1978 adult animated high fantasy film directed by Ralph Bakshi.
He is well known for such films as Wizards (1977), The Lord of the Rings (1978), American Pop (1981) and Fire and Ice (1983).

Chris Conkling

J. Christopher Conkling
The screenplay was written by Peter S. Beagle, based on an earlier draft by Chris Conkling.
Jon Christopher "Chris" Conkling (born March 31, 1949) was a co-author of the screenplay for the animated version of Lord of the Rings, directed by Ralph Bakshi and produced by Saul Zaentz.

Anthony Daniels

Tony Daniels
The film features the voices of William Squire, John Hurt, Michael Graham Cox, and Anthony Daniels, and was one of the first animated films to be presented theatrically in the Dolby Stereo sound system.
Daniels was the voice of Legolas in the Ralph Bakshi animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings (1978).

Peter Woodthorpe

The Ring twists his body and mind, and he becomes the creature Gollum (Peter Woodthorpe) and takes with him into the Misty Mountains.
Peter Woodthorpe (25 September 1931 – 12 August 2004) was an English film, television and voice actor who supplied the voice of Gollum in the 1978 Bakshi version of The Lord of the Rings and BBC's 1981 radio serial.

Peter Jackson

Sir Peter JacksonPeter Robert Jackson Peter Jackson
Nonetheless, the film became a cult classic that continued to run as a matinee and a midnight movie for nearly two decades, and was an influence on Peter Jackson's trilogy, as detailed in the DVD extras of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring.
As a young adult, Jackson discovered the work of author J. R. R. Tolkien after watching The Lord of the Rings (1978), an animated film by Ralph Bakshi that was a part-adaptation of Tolkien's fantasy trilogy.

John Hurt

Sir John HurtJohn Vincent HurtSir John Hurt.
The film features the voices of William Squire, John Hurt, Michael Graham Cox, and Anthony Daniels, and was one of the first animated films to be presented theatrically in the Dolby Stereo sound system.
His voice acting career encompassed films such as Watership Down (1978), The Lord of the Rings (1978), The Plague Dogs (1982), The Black Cauldron (1985) and Dogville (2003), as well as BBC TV series Merlin (2008–2012).

Peter S. Beagle

Peter BeagleThe Innkeeper's SongPeter S Beagle
The screenplay was written by Peter S. Beagle, based on an earlier draft by Chris Conkling.
After writing an introduction for an American print edition of The Lord of the Rings, he co-wrote the screenplay for the 1978 Ralph Bakshi-animated version of The Lord of the Rings.

Michael Graham Cox

Michael Cox
The film features the voices of William Squire, John Hurt, Michael Graham Cox, and Anthony Daniels, and was one of the first animated films to be presented theatrically in the Dolby Stereo sound system.
He is best remembered for voicing Boromir in the 1978 film The Lord of the Rings and the same character in the 1981 radio serialisation, as well as voicing Bigwig in the feature film Watership Down.

William Squire

The film features the voices of William Squire, John Hurt, Michael Graham Cox, and Anthony Daniels, and was one of the first animated films to be presented theatrically in the Dolby Stereo sound system. Decades later, during Bilbo's birthday celebration, the wizard Gandalf (William Squire) tells him to leave the Ring for his relative Frodo (Christopher Guard).
His varied screen roles included Thomas More in the 1969 film version of Maxwell Anderson's play Anne of the Thousand Days, Sir Daniel Brackley in the 1972 television adaptation of Robert Louis Stevenson's The Black Arrow, the voice of Gandalf in the 1978 animated version of The Lord of the Rings and the Shadow in the 1979 Doctor Who serial The Armageddon Factor.

Animation

animatedanimated filmanimated short
The Lord of the Rings is a 1978 adult animated high fantasy film directed by Ralph Bakshi.
The source film can be directly copied from actors' outlines into animated drawings, as in The Lord of the Rings (US, 1978), or used in a stylized and expressive manner, as in Waking Life (US, 2001) and A Scanner Darkly (US, 2006).

Simon Chandler

He is accompanied by three hobbit friends, Pippin (Dominic Guard), Merry (Simon Chandler), and Sam (Michael Scholes).
His first film role was as Private Simmonds in Richard Attenborough's 1977 film A Bridge Too Far and he provided the voice of Merry in Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings.

The Lord of the Rings

Lord of the RingsTolkienesqueThe Lord of the Rings trilogy
It is an adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings, comprising The Fellowship of the Ring and the first half of The Two Towers.
The first was J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings (1978), by animator Ralph Bakshi, the first part of what was originally intended to be a two-part adaptation of the story; it covers The Fellowship of the Ring and part of The Two Towers.

Christopher Guard

Christopher
Decades later, during Bilbo's birthday celebration, the wizard Gandalf (William Squire) tells him to leave the Ring for his relative Frodo (Christopher Guard).
Guard voiced Frodo Baggins (alongside his brother Dominic as Peregrin Took) in the animated version of The Lord of the Rings (1978).

Gollum

SméagolDéagolSméagol/Gollum
The Ring twists his body and mind, and he becomes the creature Gollum (Peter Woodthorpe) and takes with him into the Misty Mountains. The One Ring is discovered by Déagol, whose relative, Sméagol, kills him and takes the Ring for himself.
In Ralph Bakshi's animated film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings (1978), the voice of Gollum was supplied by Peter Woodthorpe, who also reprised the role in the BBC's 1981 radio serial.

Saul Zaentz

The Saul Zaentz CompanyFantasy FilmsFantasy
Ralph Bakshi encountered Tolkien's writing early in his career, and had made several attempts to produce The Lord of the Rings as an animated film before being given funding by producer Saul Zaentz and distributor United Artists.
In 1978, he produced an animated version of The Lord of the Rings, written chiefly by Peter S. Beagle and directed by animator Ralph Bakshi.

Rotoscoping

rotoscoperotoscopedrotoscoped animation
The film is notable for its extensive use of rotoscoping, a technique in which scenes are first shot in live-action, then traced onto animation cels.
Ralph Bakshi used rotoscoping extensively for his animated features Wizards (1977), The Lord of the Rings (1978), American Pop (1981), and Fire and Ice (1983).

John Westbrook (actor)

John Westbrook
The hobbits escape and flee into Fangorn Forest, where they meet Treebeard (John Westbrook).
Noted for his deep, mellifluous voice, he also recorded radio plays and audiobooks, and provided the role of Treebeard in the 1978 animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings.

Sauron

Eye of SauronAnnatarNecromancer
They embark on a quest to destroy the One Ring made by the Dark Lord Sauron, and ensure his destruction.
In film versions of The Lord of the Rings, Sauron has been portrayed as either a humanoid creature (as in Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated version, The Lord of the Rings) or a physical, disembodied Eye (as in the 1980 animated The Return of the King), or both.

Nazgûl

RingwraithsRingwraithBlack Riders
Over time, Sauron captures the Nine Rings and transforms their owners into the Ringwraiths.
In Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated film version of The Lord of the Rings, the Nazgûl hack and slash the Hobbits' beds at The Prancing Pony inn themselves.

J. R. R. Tolkien

J.R.R. TolkienTolkienJRR Tolkien
It is an adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings, comprising The Fellowship of the Ring and the first half of The Two Towers.
In 1976, the rights were sold to Tolkien Enterprises, a division of the Saul Zaentz Company, and the first film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings was released in 1978 as an animated rotoscoping film directed by Ralph Bakshi with screenplay by the fantasy writer Peter S. Beagle.

The Two Towers

Quest of Mount DoombookBook III
It is an adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings, comprising The Fellowship of the Ring and the first half of The Two Towers.
Some of the events of The Two Towers along with The Fellowship of Ring were depicted in the 1978 film of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, directed by Ralph Bakshi.

Annette Crosbie

Annette Crosby
The remaining Fellowship continue through the elf-haven Lothlórien, where they meet the elf queen Galadriel (Annette Crosbie).
Crosbie voiced the character of Galadriel in Ralph Bakshi's animated movie, The Lord of the Rings, filmed in 1978.

Dominic Guard

He is accompanied by three hobbit friends, Pippin (Dominic Guard), Merry (Simon Chandler), and Sam (Michael Scholes).
In 1978 Guard voiced the role of Pippin in an animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings.

Elrond

Elrond Half-elvenLord ElrondDon Elrondo
At Rivendell, Frodo is healed by Elrond (André Morell).
In Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated adaptation of The Lord of the Rings, Elrond was voiced by André Morell.

The Fellowship of the Ring

Fellowship of the RingCouncil of ElrondFellowship
It is an adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's high fantasy epic The Lord of the Rings, comprising The Fellowship of the Ring and the first half of The Two Towers.