The Mothers of Invention

Mothers of InventionThe MothersFrank Zappa and the Mothers of InventionMothersand The MothersGrande MothersGrandMothers Of InventionPersonnelRalph Humphreytour band
The Mothers of Invention were an American rock band from California.wikipedia
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Jimmy Carl Black

Jim BlackJimmy Carl Black (The Indian of the Group)
Originally an R&B band called the Soul Giants, the band's first lineup included Ray Collins, David Coronado, Ray Hunt, Roy Estrada and Jimmy Carl Black.
James Carl Inkanish, Jr. (February 1, 1938 – November 1, 2008), known professionally as Jimmy Carl Black, was a drummer and vocalist for The Mothers of Invention.

Frank Zappa

ZappaVaulternative RecordsFrank
Frank Zappa was asked to take over as the guitarist following a fight between Collins and Coronado, the band's original saxophonist/leader.
In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa composed rock, pop, jazz, jazz fusion, orchestral and musique concrète works, and produced almost all of the 60-plus albums that he released with his band the Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist.

Roy Estrada

RoyRoy Estrada (Pachuco Falsetto)
Originally an R&B band called the Soul Giants, the band's first lineup included Ray Collins, David Coronado, Ray Hunt, Roy Estrada and Jimmy Carl Black.
Roy Estrada (also known as "Roy Ralph Moleman Guacamole Guadalupe Hidalgo Estrada" and "Orejón"; born April 17, 1943 in Santa Ana, California) is an American former musician and vocalist, best known for his bass guitar work with Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention and for having been a founding member of Little Feat, playing on their first two albums.

Freak Out!

John RotellaKurt ReherArthur Maebe
Verve released the Mothers of Invention's début double album Freak Out! in 1966, featuring a lineup including Zappa, Collins, Black, Estrada and Elliot Ingber.
Freak Out! is the debut studio album by American rock band the Mothers of Invention, released on June 27, 1966 by Verve Records.

Absolutely Free

album of the same name
Under Zappa's leadership and a changing lineup, the band released a series of critically acclaimed albums, including Absolutely Free, We're Only in It for the Money and Uncle Meat, before being disbanded by Zappa in 1969.
Absolutely Free is the second studio album by American rock band the Mothers of Invention, released on May 26, 1967 by Verve Records.

Uncle Meat

Electric Aunt JemimaKing Kong
Under Zappa's leadership and a changing lineup, the band released a series of critically acclaimed albums, including Absolutely Free, We're Only in It for the Money and Uncle Meat, before being disbanded by Zappa in 1969.
Uncle Meat is the fifth studio album by The Mothers of Invention, released as a double album in 1969.

We're Only in It for the Money

Hot PoopWhat's the Ugliest Part of Your BodyWhat's the Ugliest Part of Your Body?
Under Zappa's leadership and a changing lineup, the band released a series of critically acclaimed albums, including Absolutely Free, We're Only in It for the Money and Uncle Meat, before being disbanded by Zappa in 1969.
We're Only in It for the Money is the third studio album by American rock band the Mothers of Invention, released on March 4, 1968 by Verve Records.

Ian Underwood

In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie). Zappa focused on big-band and orchestral music while recovering from his injuries, and in 1973 formed the Mothers' final lineup, which included drummer Ralph Humphrey, trumpeter Sal Marquez, keyboardist/vocalist George Duke, trombonist Bruce Fowler, bassist Tom Fowler, percussionist Ruth Underwood and keyboardist/saxophonist Ian Underwood.
Ian Robertson Underwood (born May 22, 1939) is a woodwind and keyboards player, perhaps best known for his work with Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.

Verve Records

VerveVerve Music GroupVerve Forecast
Under Zappa's helm, it was signed to jazz label Verve Records as part of the label's diversification plans.
Verve also served as the original home of rock music acts such as The Velvet Underground, Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention.

Don Preston

Dom DeWildeDon Preston (Dom DeWilde)
Don Preston joined the band soon after.
in 1966 Preston began a long collaboration with Frank Zappa as the keyboardist of the original Mothers of Invention.

Flo & Eddie

Flo and Eddiethe Phlorescent Leech & Eddie
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
After the Turtles dissolved, Volman and Kaylan first joined the Mothers of Invention as Phlorescent Leech & Eddie.

Mark Volman

FloMark "Flo" VolmanVolman
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
Volman became a stand-out figure upon joining the Mothers of Invention under the tutelage of Frank Zappa.

Jeff Simmons (musician)

Jeff Simmons
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
Jeff Simmons (born May 21, 1949 in Seattle, Washington) is an American rock musician best known as a former member of Frank Zappa's Mothers of Invention.

Bongo Fury

The final album using the Mothers as a backing band, Bongo Fury (1975), featured guitarist Denny Walley and drummer Terry Bozzio, who continued to play for Zappa on non-Mothers releases.
Bongo Fury is a collaborative album by American artists Frank Zappa and the Mothers, with Captain Beefheart, released in October 1975.

Tom Wilson (record producer)

Tom WilsonThomas Blanchard Wilson Jr.Transition
In early 1966, they were spotted by leading record producer Tom Wilson when playing Zappa's "Trouble Every Day," a song about the Watts Riots.
Thomas Blanchard Wilson Jr. (March 25, 1931 – September 6, 1978) was an American record producer best known for his work in the 1960s with Bob Dylan, the Mothers of Invention, Simon & Garfunkel, the Velvet Underground, Cecil Taylor, Sun Ra, Eddie Harris, Nico, Eric Burdon and the Animals, the Blues Project, the Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem, and others.

Trouble Every Day (song)

Trouble Every DayMore Trouble Every DayTrouble Comin' Every Day
In early 1966, they were spotted by leading record producer Tom Wilson when playing Zappa's "Trouble Every Day," a song about the Watts Riots.
"Trouble Every Day" (labeled in early prints as "Trouble Comin' Every Day") is a song by The Mothers of Invention, released on their 1966 debut album Freak Out!

George Duke

The George Duke BandDawilli GongaDaWillie Gonga
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie). Zappa focused on big-band and orchestral music while recovering from his injuries, and in 1973 formed the Mothers' final lineup, which included drummer Ralph Humphrey, trumpeter Sal Marquez, keyboardist/vocalist George Duke, trombonist Bruce Fowler, bassist Tom Fowler, percussionist Ruth Underwood and keyboardist/saxophonist Ian Underwood.
He spent two years with Zappa as a member of The Mothers of Invention, two years with Adderley, then returned to Zappa.

Ruth Underwood

Ruth Komanoff
Zappa focused on big-band and orchestral music while recovering from his injuries, and in 1973 formed the Mothers' final lineup, which included drummer Ralph Humphrey, trumpeter Sal Marquez, keyboardist/vocalist George Duke, trombonist Bruce Fowler, bassist Tom Fowler, percussionist Ruth Underwood and keyboardist/saxophonist Ian Underwood.
Ruth Underwood (born Ruth Komanoff; May 23, 1946) is a musician best known for playing xylophone, marimba, vibraphone and other percussion instruments in Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention.

Ray Collins (musician)

Ray CollinsBaby Ray & The FernsRay Collins (rock musician)
Originally an R&B band called the Soul Giants, the band's first lineup included Ray Collins, David Coronado, Ray Hunt, Roy Estrada and Jimmy Carl Black.
Hunt was eventually replaced by Frank Zappa, and the group evolved into the Mothers of Invention.

Howard Kaylan

EddieH. KaylanHoward "Eddie" Kaylan
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
At the end of 1970, Kaylan and Volman signed on as members of Frank Zappa's band, The Mothers of Invention.

The Turtles

TurtlesOut of ControlFlo & Eddie inc
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
Kaylan and Volman (accompanied by Chip Douglas' replacement, bassist Jim Pons) joined the Mothers of Invention as The Phlorescent Leech & Eddie, since the use of the Turtles name (and even their own names in billings) was prohibited by their contract with White Whale.

Aynsley Dunbar

The Aynsley Dunbar RetaliationAynsley Dunbar RetaliationAynsley Dunbar's Retaliation
In 1970, he formed a new version of the Mothers that included Ian Underwood, Jeff Simmons, George Duke, Aynsley Dunbar and singers Mark Volman and Howard Kaylan (formerly of the Turtles, but who for contractual reasons were credited in this band as the Phlorescent Leech & Eddie).
Dunbar was later the drummer for Frank Zappa, playing on the FZ solo album, Waka/Jawaka, and the Mothers' albums The Grand Wazoo and Filmore East - June 1971, as well as the film 200 Motels.

Jim Pons

Pons
Later adding another ex-Turtle, bassist Jim Pons, this lineup endured through 1971, when Zappa was injured by an audience member during a concert appearance.
Jim Pons (born March 14, 1943 ) is a former bass guitarist and singer for several 1960s rock bands, including The Leaves, The Turtles, and The Mothers of Invention.

Cruising with Ruben & the Jets

Reflecting Zappa's eclectic approach to music, the next album, Cruising with Ruben & the Jets (1968), was very different.
Cruising with Ruben & the Jets is the fourth studio album by the Mothers of Invention.

Tom Fowler (musician)

Tom Fowler
Zappa focused on big-band and orchestral music while recovering from his injuries, and in 1973 formed the Mothers' final lineup, which included drummer Ralph Humphrey, trumpeter Sal Marquez, keyboardist/vocalist George Duke, trombonist Bruce Fowler, bassist Tom Fowler, percussionist Ruth Underwood and keyboardist/saxophonist Ian Underwood.
Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, he has played with It's a Beautiful Day, Frank Zappa, The Mothers of Invention, Jean-Luc Ponty, Ray Charles, Steve Hackett, and many others.