The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State

The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the StateOrigin of the FamilyOrigins of the Family, Private Property, and the StateFriedrich Engels's “The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State”
The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan (Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats) is an 1884 historical materialist treatise by Friedrich Engels.wikipedia
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Friedrich Engels

EngelsFrederick EngelsFrederich Engels
The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan (Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats) is an 1884 historical materialist treatise by Friedrich Engels.
In 1884, he published The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State on the basis of Marx's ethnographic research.

Karl Marx

MarxMarx, KarlMarxist
It is partially based on notes by Karl Marx to Lewis H. Morgan's book Ancient Society (1877).
Before he died, Marx asked Engels to write up these ideas, which were published in 1884 under the title The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State.

Ancient Society

punaluan right
It is partially based on notes by Karl Marx to Lewis H. Morgan's book Ancient Society (1877).
Contemporary European social theorists such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were influenced by Morgan's work on social structure and material culture, as shown by Engels' The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (1884).

Lewis H. Morgan

Lewis Henry MorganLewis MorganMorgan
It is partially based on notes by Karl Marx to Lewis H. Morgan's book Ancient Society (1877).
Morgan's work on the social structure and material culture strongly influenced Engels' sociological theory of dialectical materialism (expressed in his work The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State, 1884).

Monogamy

monogamousserial monogamysocially monogamous
He felt this goal unrealizable owing to Morgan's discussions of the nature of monogamy and the relationship between private ownership of property and class struggle, however, these making it "absolutely impossible to couch in such a way as to comply with the Anti-Socialist Law".
As he spelled out in The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884),

Socialist feminism

socialist feministsocialist feministssocialist
In reaction, most twentieth-century social anthropologists considered the theory of matrilineal priority untenable, though feminist scholars of the 1970s-1980s (particularly socialist and radical feminists) attempted to revive it with limited success.
Other socialist feminists, notably two long-lived American organizations Radical Women and the Freedom Socialist Party, point to the classic Marxist writings of Frederick Engels (The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State) and August Bebel (Woman and Socialism) as a powerful explanation of the link between gender oppression and class exploitation.

Primitive communism

communismprimitive communist
Primitive communism, according to both Morgan and Engels, was based in the matrilineal clan where women lived with their classificatory sisters – applying the principle that "my sister’s child is my child".
Engels offered the first detailed theorization of primitive communism in 1884, with publication of The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State.

Matrilineality

matrilinealmatrilinematrilineally
It is argued that the first domestic institution in human history was not the patriarchal nuclear family but the matrilineal clan.
This idea was taken up by Friedrich Engels in The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State.

Gens (anthropology)

gentes
The separation of the patriarchal and matriarchal lines divided a family into gentes.
Gens was used by Lewis H. Morgan (in Ancient Society) and Friedrich Engels (in The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State), among others, to refer to a group of people who were related through their female ancestor (which was the basis of mother right).

Anthropology

anthropologistanthropologicalanthropologists
The book is an early anthropological work and is regarded as one of the first major works on family economics.

Family economics

familyeconomics of the familyeconomics of households
The book is an early anthropological work and is regarded as one of the first major works on family economics.

Dialectics of Nature

While his 1883 manuscript Dialectics of Nature faltered, remaining uncompleted and unpublished, a greater success was achieved in the spring of 1884 with the writing and publication in Zurich of Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats: Im Anschluss an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen (The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan).

Zürich

ZurichZürich, SwitzerlandZurich, Switzerland
While his 1883 manuscript Dialectics of Nature faltered, remaining uncompleted and unpublished, a greater success was achieved in the spring of 1884 with the writing and publication in Zurich of Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats: Im Anschluss an Lewis H. Morgan's Forschungen (The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan).

Historical materialism

materialist conception of historyhistorical materialistMarx's theory of history
The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State: in the Light of the Researches of Lewis H. Morgan (Der Ursprung der Familie, des Privateigenthums und des Staats) is an 1884 historical materialist treatise by Friedrich Engels.

Anti-Socialist Laws

Anti-Socialist LawAnti-Socicalist Lawattacking socialists
Engels' first inclination was to seek publication in Germany despite passage of the first of the Anti-Socialist Laws by the government of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck.

Otto von Bismarck

BismarckChancellor BismarckPrince Bismarck
Engels' first inclination was to seek publication in Germany despite passage of the first of the Anti-Socialist Laws by the government of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck.

Karl Kautsky

KautskyK. KautskyKarl Johann Kautsky
On April 26, 1884 Engels wrote a letter to his close political associate Karl Kautsky in which he noted that he sought to "play a trick on Bismarck" by writing something "that he would be positively unable to ban".

Class conflict

class struggleclass warfareclass war
He felt this goal unrealizable owing to Morgan's discussions of the nature of monogamy and the relationship between private ownership of property and class struggle, however, these making it "absolutely impossible to couch in such a way as to comply with the Anti-Socialist Law".

Eduard Bernstein

Edward BernsteinBernsteinBernsteinism
Work on the book was completed—with the exception of revisions upon the final chapter—on May 22, 1884, when the manuscript was dispatched to Eduard Bernstein in Zurich.

Stuttgart

Stuttgart, GermanyStuttgart, West GermanyVaihingen
The final decision of whether to print the book in Stuttgart "under a false style", hiding Engels' forbidden name, or immediately without alteration in a Swiss edition, was deferred by Engels to Bernstein.

Polish language

PolishplPolish-language
The book was translated into a number of European languages and published during the decade of the 1880s, including Polish, Romanian, Italian, Danish, and Serbian.

Romanian language

RomanianRomanian-languageDaco-Romanian
The book was translated into a number of European languages and published during the decade of the 1880s, including Polish, Romanian, Italian, Danish, and Serbian.

Italian language

ItalianItalian-languageit
The book was translated into a number of European languages and published during the decade of the 1880s, including Polish, Romanian, Italian, Danish, and Serbian.

Danish language

DanishDanish-languageDansk
The book was translated into a number of European languages and published during the decade of the 1880s, including Polish, Romanian, Italian, Danish, and Serbian.

Serbian language

SerbiansrSerbian:
The book was translated into a number of European languages and published during the decade of the 1880s, including Polish, Romanian, Italian, Danish, and Serbian.