The Shepherd King

film
The Shepherd King is a 1923 American silent biblical epic film directed by J.wikipedia
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Nero (1922 film)

Nero1922Nero'' (1922 film)
As with many historical films produced by Hollywood studios in the 1920s, including Edwards's earlier Nero (1922), an Italian crew was used; actor Henry Armetta accompanied the production as an interpreter.

Henry Armetta

As with many historical films produced by Hollywood studios in the 1920s, including Edwards's earlier Nero (1922), an Italian crew was used; actor Henry Armetta accompanied the production as an interpreter.

Language interpretation

interpreterinterpretersinterpreting
As with many historical films produced by Hollywood studios in the 1920s, including Edwards's earlier Nero (1922), an Italian crew was used; actor Henry Armetta accompanied the production as an interpreter.

Set construction

setssetfilm set
Some scenes were filmed in Rome; Saul's palace was a constructed set, built with the assistance of the Capitoline and Vatican Museums.

Capitoline Museums

Musei CapitoliniCapitoline MuseumCentrale Montemartini
Some scenes were filmed in Rome; Saul's palace was a constructed set, built with the assistance of the Capitoline and Vatican Museums.

Vatican Museums

Vatican MuseumVaticanPinacoteca Vaticana
Some scenes were filmed in Rome; Saul's palace was a constructed set, built with the assistance of the Capitoline and Vatican Museums.

Location shooting

on locationLocation filmingshot on location
Most exterior scenes, however, were filmed on location in Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan, including staging in both Jericho and Jerusalem.

Mandatory Palestine

PalestineBritish Mandate of PalestineBritish Mandate authorities
Most exterior scenes, however, were filmed on location in Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan, including staging in both Jericho and Jerusalem.

Emirate of Transjordan

TransjordanTrans-JordanEmir of Transjordan
Most exterior scenes, however, were filmed on location in Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan, including staging in both Jericho and Jerusalem.

Jericho

ArihaJericho DistrictAriha (Jericho)
Most exterior scenes, however, were filmed on location in Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan, including staging in both Jericho and Jerusalem.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem, IsraelAl-QudsQuds
Most exterior scenes, however, were filmed on location in Mandatory Palestine and the Emirate of Transjordan, including staging in both Jericho and Jerusalem.

Howard Carter

Howard Carter (archaeologist)Howard Carter (1919)
Howard Carter's discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922 had sparked a wave of Egyptomania.

Egyptomania

contemporary interestEgyptian-styleEuropean interest in ancient Egypt
Howard Carter's discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922 had sparked a wave of Egyptomania.

The Exodus

ExodusExodus from Egyptand returned
Seeking to capitalize on this trend, Fox had Edwards add an opening sequence to the film based on the Exodus.

Intertitle

intertitlestitle cardtitle cards
Because it was produced largely for promotional purposes, it is unrelated to the rest of the film, although Edwards did provide intertitles that attempted to frame it as a background for the story of David.

Chariot racing

chariot racechariot racesSynoris
A chariot race was also included in an effort to capitalize on the success of a similar scene in The Queen of Sheba.

Photoplay

Photoplay MagazinePhotoplay AwardsPhotoplay Award
Photoplay reported that Edwards's crew avoided potential religious conflict while filming in Jerusalem by having British troops costumed as Arabs.

Abdullah I of Jordan

Abdullah IAbdullahKing Abdullah I
The largest battle scene used fifteen thousand horsemen, who were members of Transjordan's military provided by Emir Abdullah.

Film colorization

colorizedcolorizationhand-colored
Several scenes were hand-colored for release, including images of a red lantern hung above Saul's throne.

American Film Institute

AFIAFI FestAFI Film Festival
The Shepherd King was scheduled for a November 25, 1923 release; modern sources, including the American Film Institute, report that the film was released on that date.

Central Theatre (New York City)

Central TheatreGotham TheatreHoliday Theatre
Its New York premiere, on December 10 at the Central Theatre, was met with initially positive reviews in the local newspapers; the New York Evening Journal labelled it the best of Edwards's films.

New York Journal-American

New York JournalNew York AmericanNew York Journal American
Its New York premiere, on December 10 at the Central Theatre, was met with initially positive reviews in the local newspapers; the New York Evening Journal labelled it the best of Edwards's films.

The Moving Picture World

Moving Picture WorldCine-Mundial
Moving Picture World C. S. Sewell also reviewed the film favorably, praising the battle scenes and Bernardi's role as David.

The New York Times

New York TimesNY TimesNYT
The New York Times found the film beautiful, but faulted its slow pacing and the number of close-up shots.