The Sun Also Rises

novelBrettFiesta'' (novel)JakeLady Brett Ashleynovel of the same name
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights.wikipedia
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Ernest Hemingway

HemingwayHemingwayesqueE. Hemingway
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights.
His debut novel, The Sun Also Rises, was published in 1926.

Pamplona

Pamplona-IruñapamplonesaPompaelo
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights. With his wife Hadley Richardson, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he was following his recent passion for bullfighting. Jake and Bill travel south and meet Robert Cohn at Bayonne for a fishing trip in the hills northeast of Pamplona.
The city is famous worldwide for the running of the bulls during the San Fermín festival, which is held annually from July 6 to 14. This festival was brought to literary renown with the 1926 publication of Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Rises.

San Fermín

SanfermineschupinazoFestival of San Fermín
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights. With his wife Hadley Richardson, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he was following his recent passion for bullfighting.
Its events were central to the plot of The Sun Also Rises, by Ernest Hemingway, which brought it to the general attention of English-speaking people.

Lost Generation

The Lost GenerationAmerican expatriate communityentire generation
Hemingway presents his notion that the "Lost Generation"—considered to have been decadent, dissolute, and irretrievably damaged by World War I—was in fact resilient and strong. The first is an allusion to the "Lost Generation", a term coined by Gertrude Stein referring to the post-war generation; the other epigraph is a long quotation from Ecclesiastes: "One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose."
Lost in this respect means disoriented, wandering, directionless—a recognition that there was great confusion and aimlessness among the war's survivors in the early post-war years." The term is synonymous with a group of artists, and particularly US-expatriate writers, living in Paris during the 1920s. Gertrude Stein is credited with coining the term; it was subsequently popularized by Ernest Hemingway who used it as an epigraph for his 1926 novel The Sun Also Rises.

Duff Twysden

Duff, Lady TwysdenLady Duff TwysdenMary Smurthwaite, Lady Twysden
That year, they brought with them a different group of American and British expatriates: Hemingway's Michigan boyhood friend Bill Smith, Stewart, recently divorced Duff, Lady Twysden, her lover Pat Guthrie, and Harold Loeb.
Mary Duff Stirling, Lady Twysden (24 May 1891 – 27 June 1938) was a British socialite best known for being the model for Brett Ashley in Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Rises.

Juanito Quintana

The two returned a third time in June 1925 and stayed at the hotel of his friend Juanito Quintana.
He was the basis for the character Juanito Montoyo in Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Rises.

For Whom the Bell Tolls

novel of the same name1940 novelbook of the same name
Two decades later, in 1947, Scribner's released three of Hemingway's works as a boxed set, including The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, and For Whom the Bell Tolls.
The novel is regarded as one of Hemingway's best works, along with The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, and The Old Man and the Sea.

Cayetano Ordóñez

Against this background was the influence of the young matador from Ronda, Cayetano Ordóñez, whose brilliance in the bullring affected the spectators.
He was used by Ernest Hemingway as the model for "Pedro Romero", the talented young bullfighter in The Sun Also Rises.

Bullfighter

matadortorerotoreador
Against this background was the influence of the young matador from Ronda, Cayetano Ordóñez, whose brilliance in the bullring affected the spectators.
Within his fictional works, The Sun Also Rises features a matador and scenes of bullfighting, as do his short stories The Capital of the World and The Undefeated. Outside of fiction, he also wrote at length on the subject in Death in the Afternoon (1932) and The Dangerous Summer (1959).

Running of the bulls

encierrobull-runnerrunning with the bulls
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights. During the fiesta the characters drink, eat, watch the running of the bulls, attend bullfights, and bicker with each other.
The encierro of Pamplona has been depicted many times in literature, television or advertising, but became known worldwide partly because of the descriptions of Ernest Hemingway in books The Sun Also Rises and Death in the Afternoon.

A Farewell to Arms

novel1929 semi-autobiographical novel of the same namebook
Two decades later, in 1947, Scribner's released three of Hemingway's works as a boxed set, including The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, and For Whom the Bell Tolls.
Because his previous novel, The Sun Also Rises, had been written as a roman à clef, readers assumed A Farewell to Arms to be autobiographical.

Hadley Richardson

HadleyHadley Hemingway
With his wife Hadley Richardson, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he was following his recent passion for bullfighting.
The trip inspired Hemingway's first novel, The Sun Also Rises, which he began to write immediately after the fiesta, finishing it in September.

The New York Times International Edition

International Herald TribuneHerald TribuneParis Herald
The Paris Tribune reported in 1925 that Paris had an American Hospital, an American Library, and an American Chamber of Commerce.
In Ernest Hemingway’s 1926 novel, The Sun Also Rises, the first thing the novel’s protagonist Jake Barnes does on returning from Spain to France is to buy the New York Herald from a kiosk in Bayonne and read it at a cafe.

Epigraph (literature)

epigraphepigraphsepigraphic
The themes of The Sun Also Rises appear in its two epigraphs.
As an epigraph to The Sun Also Rises, Ernest Hemingway quotes Gertrude Stein, "You are all a lost generation."

Bullfighting

bullfightbull fightingbullfights
The Sun Also Rises, a 1926 novel by American Ernest Hemingway, portrays American and British expatriates who travel from Paris to the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona to watch the running of the bulls and the bullfights. With his wife Hadley Richardson, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he was following his recent passion for bullfighting.
The Sun Also Rises, a novel by Ernest Hemingway, includes many accounts of bullfighting.

Schruns

A few months later, in December 1925, Hemingway and his wife spent the winter in Schruns, Austria, where he began revising the manuscript extensively.
He wintered there with his first wife, Hadley, and oldest son, who was then just an infant, where he revised the manuscript of The Sun Also Rises.

Fiesta

During the fiesta the characters drink, eat, watch the running of the bulls, attend bullfights, and bicker with each other.
Fiesta (novel), a novel by Ernest Hemingway

The Torrents of Spring

In December 1925 he quickly wrote The Torrents of Spring—a satirical novella attacking Sherwood Anderson—and sent it to his publishers Boni & Liveright.
The work is generally dismissed by critics and seen as vastly less important than The Sun Also Rises, which was published in the same year.

Burguete-Auritz

AuritzBurgueteAuritz/Burguete
Outside of Pamplona, the fishing trip to the Irati River (near Burguete in Navarre) was marred by polluted water.
Ernest Hemingway lodged in Burguete in 1924 and 1925 for a fishing trip to the Irati River, and describes it in his novel The Sun Also Rises.

Roaring Twenties

1920sRoaring '20sThe Roaring Twenties
Americans were drawn to Paris in the Roaring Twenties by the favorable exchange rate, with as many as 200,000 English-speaking expatriates living there.
The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway is about a group of expatriate Americans in Europe during the 1920s.

The Sun Also Rises (1957 film)

The Sun Also Rises1957 film adaptation1957
Hemingway would not see a stage or film adaption anytime soon: he sold the film rights to RKO Pictures in 1932, but only in 1956 was the novel adapted to a film of the same name.
The Sun Also Rises is a 1957 film adaptation of the Ernest Hemingway novel of the same name directed by Henry King.

Ecclesiastes

Book of EcclesiastesKohelethQohelet
The first is an allusion to the "Lost Generation", a term coined by Gertrude Stein referring to the post-war generation; the other epigraph is a long quotation from Ecclesiastes: "One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh: but the earth abideth for ever. The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose."
The title of Ernest Hemingway's first novel The Sun Also Rises was taken from Ecclesiastes 1:5.

Death in the Afternoon

Hemingway wrote more books about bullfighting: Death in the Afternoon was published in 1932 and The Dangerous Summer was published posthumously in 1985.
Hemingway became a bullfighting aficionado after seeing the Pamplona fiesta in the 1920s, which he wrote about in The Sun Also Rises.

The Sun Also Rises (1984 film)

The Sun Also Rises1984The Sun Also Rises'' (1984 film)
It was again adapted into a film in 1984.
The Sun Also Rises is a 1984 adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises.

Bayonne

Bayonne, FranceBaionaArriverette
Jake and Bill travel south and meet Robert Cohn at Bayonne for a fishing trip in the hills northeast of Pamplona.
In Ernest Hemingway's novel The Sun Also Rises, three of the characters visit Bayonne en route to Pamplona, Spain.