The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)

The Wizard of OzWizard of Oz1939 film1939 film adaptation1939 film version1939 moviefilmfilm version1939 versionMGM film
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.wikipedia
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L. Frank Baum

Frank BaumFrank L. BaumBaum
Widely considered to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the best-known and most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
He made numerous attempts to bring his works to the stage and the nascent medium of film; the 1939 adaptation of the first Oz book would become a landmark of 20th-century cinema.

Victor Fleming

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz (1939), and Gone with the Wind (1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director.

Judy Garland

GarlandDorothyEthel Gumm
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Although she appeared in more than two dozen films with MGM and received acclaim for many different roles, she is often best remembered for her portrayal of Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Dorothy Gale

DorothyDeeDorothy's Home
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
In addition, she is the main character in various adaptations, notably the classic 1939 film adaptation of the novel, The Wizard of Oz.

Ray Bolger

Ray Bolger Showthe actor with the same name
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
He is best known for his role as the Scarecrow and his Kansas counterpart farm worker "Hunk" in MGM's classic The Wizard of Oz (1939) and the villainous Barnaby in Walt Disney's musical fantasy Babes in Toyland.

Jack Haley

The Jack Haley Show
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
John Joseph Haley Jr (August 10, 1897 – June 6, 1979) was an American vaudevillian, actor, radio host, comedian, singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and his farmhand counterpart "Hickory" in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz.

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

The Wizard of OzWizard of OzOz
Widely considered to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the best-known and most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book ''The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
It has since seen several reprints, most often under the title The Wizard of Oz, which is the title of the popular 1902 Broadway musical adaptation as well as the iconic 1939 musical film adaptation.

Billie Burke

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
She is best known to modern audiences as Glinda the Good Witch of the North in the movie musical The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Margaret Hamilton (actress)

Margaret HamiltonHamiltonMargaret
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Margaret Brainard Hamilton (December 9, 1902 – May 16, 1985) was an American film character actress best known for her portrayal of Miss Gulch and the Wicked Witch of the West in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's classic film The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Bert Lahr

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Lahr is best known for his role as the Cowardly Lion, as well as his counterpart Kansas farmworker "Zeke", in the MGM adaptation of The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Clara Blandick

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Clara Blandick (born Clara Blanchard Dickey; June 4, 1876 – April 15, 1962) was an American stage and screen actress best known for her role as Aunty Em in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Frank Morgan

the actor
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
He was best known for his appearances in films starting in the silent era in 1916, and then numerous sound films throughout the 1930s and 1940s, mostly as a contract player at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with his most celebrated performance playing the title role in The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Technicolor

three-strip Technicolortwo-color Technicolortechnicolour
Legendary for its use of Technicolor, fantasy storytelling, musical score and memorable characters, the film has become an icon of American popular culture.
Technicolor became known and celebrated for its highly saturated color, and was initially most commonly used for filming musicals such as The Wizard of Oz (1939) and Down Argentine Way (1940), costume pictures such as The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Gone with the Wind (1939), and animated films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Gulliver's Travels (1939), and Fantasia (1940).

Pat Walshe

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
He is best known for playing Nikko, the head of the Winged Monkeys in The Wizard of Oz.

Munchkin

The MunchkinsmunchkinsMunchkin villagers
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
The Munchkins have appeared in various media, including the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz, as well as in various other films and comedy acts.

Terry (dog)

TerryTerry (Toto)Terry the Terrier
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left production to take over the troubled production of Gone with the Wind''), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, Bert Lahr, Frank Morgan, Billie Burke and Margaret Hamilton with Charley Grapewin, Pat Walshe, Clara Blandick, Terry (billed as Toto) and Singer's Midgets as the Munchkins.
Terry (November 17, 1933 – September 1, 1945) was a female Cairn Terrier performer who appeared in 16 different movies, most famously as Toto in the film The Wizard of Oz (1939).

The Wizard of Oz on television

The Wizard of Oz1956 television broadcast premiere of the filmas an annual television event
The 1956 television broadcast premiere of the film on the CBS network reintroduced the film to the public; watching it became an annual tradition and, according to the Library of Congress, it is the most seen film in movie history.
MGM's 1939 musical fantasy film The Wizard of Oz was first shown in theatres that year, then re-released nationwide in 1949 and again in 1955.

Noel Langley

Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but uncredited contributions were made by others.
He wrote the screenplay which formed the basis for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz and is one of the three credited screenwriters for the film.

Herbert Stothart

Stothart
It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart.
He was also nominated for twelve Academy Awards, winning Best Original Score for The Wizard of Oz.

Harold Arlen

ArlenH. ArlenHarold
The songs were written by Edgar "Yip" Harburg (lyrics) and Harold Arlen (music).
In addition to composing the songs for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz (lyrics by Yip Harburg), including the classic "Over the Rainbow", Arlen is a highly regarded contributor to the Great American Songbook.

Fantasy film

fantasyfantasy filmsFantasy adventure
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Following the advent of sound films, audiences of all ages were introduced from 1937's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs to 1939's The Wizard of Oz.

Edgar Allan Woolf

Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but uncredited contributions were made by others.
He is best known as the co-author of the script for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.

Academy Award for Best Original Score

Best Original ScoreBest Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy PictureAcademy Award
It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart.

Yip Harburg

E.Y. HarburgE. Y. HarburgE.Y. "Yip" Harburg
The songs were written by Edgar "Yip" Harburg (lyrics) and Harold Arlen (music).
He wrote the lyrics to the standards "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" (with Jay Gorney), "April in Paris", and "It's Only a Paper Moon", as well as all of the songs in The Wizard of Oz, including "Over the Rainbow".

Munchkin Country

MunchkinlandMunchkinMunchkin (east)
The house lands in Munchkinland in the Land of Oz.
Munchkin Country or Munchkinland, as it is referred to in the famous MGM musical film version, is the fictional Eastern region of the Land of Oz in L. Frank Baum's Oz books, first described in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900).