The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)

The Wizard of OzWizard of OzThe Jitterbug1939 film1939 film adaptationLollipop Guild1939 film version1939 moviefilmfilm version
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.wikipedia
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L. Frank Baum

Frank L. BaumLyman Frank BaumFrank Baum
Widely regarded to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
He made numerous attempts to bring his works to the stage and the nascent medium of film; the 1939 adaptation of the first Oz book would become a landmark of 20th-century cinema.

Victor Fleming

Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr.
His most popular films were The Wizard of Oz and Gone with the Wind (both of 1939), for which he won an Academy Award for Best Director.

Dorothy Gale

DorothyDeeDorothy's Home
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr. Dorothy Gale lives with her dog Toto on a Kansas farm belonging to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry.
In addition, she is the main character in various adaptations, notably the classic 1939 film adaptation of the novel, The Wizard of Oz.

Judy Garland

GarlandDorothyEthel Gumm
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr.
She appeared in more than two dozen films for MGM, and is best remembered for her portrayal of Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939).

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

The Wizard of OzWizard of OzOz
Widely regarded to be one of the greatest films in cinema history, it is the most commercially successful adaptation of L. Frank Baum's 1900 children's book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
It has since seen several reprints, most often under the title The Wizard of Oz, which is the title of the popular 1902 Broadway musical adaptation as well as the iconic 1939 live-action film.

Ray Bolger

Ray Bolger Showthe actor with the same name
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr.
He is best known for his role as the Scarecrow and his Kansas counterpart farm worker "Hunk" in MGM's classic The Wizard of Oz (1939) and the villainous Barnaby in Walt Disney's musical fantasy Babes in Toyland.

Jack Haley

fatherThe Jack Haley Show
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr.
John Joseph Haley Jr. (August 10, 1898 – June 6, 1979) was an American vaudevillian, actor, comedian, radio host, singer and dancer, best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man and his farmhand counterpart "Hickory" in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz.

Technicolor

Technicolor Corporationthree-strip TechnicolorTechnicolour
Characterized by its use of Technicolor (although not being the first to use it), fantasy storytelling, musical score, and memorable characters, the film has become an American pop culture icon.
Technicolor became known and celebrated for its highly saturated color, and was initially most commonly used for filming musicals such as The Wizard of Oz (1939) and Down Argentine Way (1940), costume pictures such as The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Gone with the Wind (1939), and animated films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Gulliver's Travels (1939), and Fantasia (1940).

Bert Lahr

Burt Lahr
Directed primarily by Victor Fleming (who left the production to take over the troubled Gone with the Wind), the film stars Judy Garland as Dorothy Gale alongside Ray Bolger, Jack Haley, and Bert Lahr.
Lahr is best known for his role as the Cowardly Lion, as well as his counterpart Kansas farmworker "Zeke", in the MGM adaptation of The Wizard of Oz (1939).

The Wizard of Oz on television

as an annual television eventThe Wizard of Oz1956 television broadcast premiere of the film
The 1956 television broadcast premiere of the film on the CBS network reintroduced the film to the public; according to the Library of Congress, it is the most seen film in movie history.
The Wizard of Oz, produced by MGM, was first released in theatres on August 25, 1939, then re-released nationwide in 1949 and again in 1955.

Noel Langley

Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but others made uncredited contributions.
He wrote the screenplay which formed the basis for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz and is one of the three credited screenwriters for the film.

Herbert Stothart

Stothart
It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart.
He was also nominated for twelve Academy Awards, winning Best Original Score for The Wizard of Oz.

Harold Arlen

ArlenH. ArlenHarold
The songs were written by Edgar "Yip" Harburg (lyrics) and Harold Arlen (music).
In addition to composing the songs for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz (lyrics by Yip Harburg), including "Over the Rainbow", Arlen is a highly regarded contributor to the Great American Songbook.

Edgar Allan Woolf

Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but others made uncredited contributions.
He is best known as the co-author of the script for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.

Fantasy film

fantasyfantasy filmsFantasy adventure
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Following the advent of sound films, audiences of all ages were introduced from 1937's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs to 1939's The Wizard of Oz.

Academy Award for Best Original Score

Best Original ScoreBest Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy PictureAcademy Award for Original Music Score
It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart.

Yip Harburg

E.Y. HarburgE. Y. HarburgE.Y. "Yip" Harburg
The songs were written by Edgar "Yip" Harburg (lyrics) and Harold Arlen (music).
He wrote the lyrics to the standards "Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?" (with Jay Gorney), "April in Paris", and "It's Only a Paper Moon", as well as all of the songs for the film The Wizard of Oz, including "Over the Rainbow".

Florence Ryerson

Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf received credit for the screenplay, but others made uncredited contributions.
Florence Ryerson (September 20, 1892 – June 8, 1965) was a playwright, screenwriter, and co-author of the script for the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.

Academy Award for Best Original Song

Best Original SongBest SongAcademy Award for Best Song
It did win in two other categories: Best Original Song for "Over the Rainbow" and Best Original Score by Herbert Stothart.

Munchkin Country

MunchkinlandMunchkinMunchkin (east)
The house lands in Munchkinland in the Land of Oz.
Munchkin Country or Munchkinland, as it is referred to in the famous MGM musical film version, is the fictional Eastern region of the Land of Oz in L. Frank Baum's Oz books, first described in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900).

Toto (Oz)

TotoToto the dogD
Dorothy Gale lives with her dog Toto on a Kansas farm belonging to her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry.
He reappears in numerous adaptations, such as The Wizard of Oz (1939), The Wiz (1978) and Return to Oz (1985).

Academy Award for Best Picture

Best PictureBest Picture OscarOutstanding Production
It was nominated for six Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but lost to Gone with the Wind, also directed by Fleming.

Wicked Witch of the West

The Wicked Witch of the WestWicked WitchTheodora
Her sister, the Wicked Witch of the West, arrives to claim her ruby slippers, but Glinda transfers them onto Dorothy's feet first.
The witch's most popular depiction was in the classic 1939 film based on Baum's novel, where she was portrayed by Margaret Hamilton.

Glinda the Good Witch

GlindaGlinda the GoodGood Witch of the South
Glinda the Good Witch of the North and the Munchkins welcome her as a heroine, as the falling house has killed the Wicked Witch of the East.
In the well-known 1939 film version, Glinda is a composite character with the Witch of the North.

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM StudiosMetro Goldwyn Mayer
The Wizard of Oz is a 1939 American musical fantasy film produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Hits in 1939 included The Wizard of Oz, Boys Town and Gone with the Wind, starring Vivien Leigh as Scarlett O'Hara and Clark Gable as Rhett Butler.