The central science

central sciencecentrality of chemistrychemical sciences
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.wikipedia
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Chemistry

chemistchemicalApplied Chemistry
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.
It is sometimes called the central science because it provides a foundation for understanding both basic and applied scientific disciplines at a fundamental level.

Philosophy of chemistry

Philosopher of chemistryphilosophy
The nature of this relationship is one of the main topics in the philosophy of chemistry and in scientometrics.

Physics

physicistphysicalphysicists
Concepts such as the periodicity of the elements and chemical bonds in chemistry are emergent in that they are more than the underlying forces that are defined by physics.
Similarly, chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in linking the physical sciences.

Unity of science

General theory of knowledgeunify empirical sciencesunity of knowledge

Outline of physical science

physical sciencesphysical sciencephysical
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.

Applied science

applied researchApplied Sciencesapplied
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.

Engineering

engineerengineersengineered
Chemistry is often called the central science because of its role in connecting the physical sciences, which include chemistry, with the life sciences and applied sciences such as medicine and engineering.

Scientometrics

scientometricscientometryscholarly publications
The nature of this relationship is one of the main topics in the philosophy of chemistry and in scientometrics.

Theodore L. Brown

T L Brown
The phrase was popularized by its use in a textbook by Theodore L. Brown and H. Eugene LeMay, titled Chemistry: The Central Science, which was first published in 1977, with a thirteenth edition published in 2014.

Auguste Comte

ComteComteanAuguste Compte
The central role of chemistry can be seen in the systematic and hierarchical classification of the sciences by Auguste Comte in which each discipline provides a more general framework for the area it precedes (mathematics → astronomy → physics → chemistry → physiology and medicine → social sciences).

Irreducibility

irreduciblecannot be fully reducedcannot be reduced
In forming these connections the lower field cannot be fully reduced to the higher ones.

Emergence

emergentemergent propertiesemergent property
It is recognized that the lower fields possess emergent ideas and concepts that do not exist in the higher fields of science.

Atom

atomsatomic structureatomic
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Proton

protonsH + p
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Neutron

neutronsfree neutronn
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Electron

electronse − electron mass
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Thermodynamics

thermodynamicthermodynamicallyclassical thermodynamics
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Quantum mechanics

quantum physicsquantum mechanicalquantum theory
Thus chemistry is built on an understanding of laws of physics that govern particles such as atoms, protons, neutrons, electrons, thermodynamics, etc. although it has been shown that it has not been “fully 'reduced' to quantum mechanics”.

Periodic table

periodic table of elementsperiodic table of the elementsperiodic system
Concepts such as the periodicity of the elements and chemical bonds in chemistry are emergent in that they are more than the underlying forces that are defined by physics.

Chemical bond

bondbondschemical bonds
Concepts such as the periodicity of the elements and chemical bonds in chemistry are emergent in that they are more than the underlying forces that are defined by physics.

Molecule

molecularmoleculesmolecular structure
In the same way, biology cannot be fully reduced to chemistry despite the fact that the machinery that is responsible for life is composed of molecules.

Evolution

evolvedtheory of evolutionevolutionary
For instance, the machinery of evolution may be described in terms of chemistry by the understanding that it is a mutation in the order of genetic base pairs in the DNA of an organism.