Theoderic the Great

TheodoricTheodericTheodoric the GreatTheodoric the AmalTheodoric the GothÞjóðrekrArian Gothic kingConquest of Italy by Theoderic the GreatDietrich of BernDietrich the Great
Theoderic the Great (454 – 30 August 526), often referred to as Theodoric (*𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃, ', Flāvius Theodericus, Teodorico, Θευδέριχος, ', Þēodrīc, Theoderich), was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire.wikipedia
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Ostrogothic Kingdom

OstrogothsOstrogothickingdom
Theoderic the Great (454 – 30 August 526), often referred to as Theodoric (*𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃, ', Flāvius Theodericus, Teodorico, Θευδέριχος, ', Þēodrīc, Theoderich), was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire. After a victorious four-year war, Theoderic killed Odoacer with his own hands while they shared a meal, settled his 200,000 to 250,000 people in Italy, and founded an Ostrogothic Kingdom based in Ravenna.
In Italy the Ostrogoths, led by Theoderic the Great, killed and replaced Odoacer, a Germanic soldier, erstwhile-leader of the foederati in Northern Italy, and the de facto ruler of Italy, who had deposed the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, Romulus Augustulus, in 476.

Ostrogoths

OstrogothicOstrogothGothic
Theoderic the Great (454 – 30 August 526), often referred to as Theodoric (*𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃, ', Flāvius Theodericus, Teodorico, Θευδέριχος, ', Þēodrīc, Theoderich), was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire.
During the late 5th and 6th centuries, under Theodoric the Great most of the Ostrogoths moved first to Moesia (c. 475–488) and later conquered the Kingdom of Italy of the Germanic warrior Odoacer.

Odoacer

Kingdom of ItalyKingdom of OdoacerOdoacer's Kingdom
In 488, Emperor Zeno ordered Theoderic to overthrow the Germanic foederatus and King of Italy, Odoacer. He was defeated by Odoacer at Faenza in 490, but regained the upper hand after securing victory in the Battle of the Adda River on August 11, 490.
Zeno also appointed the Ostrogoth Theoderic the Great who was menacing the borders of the Eastern Empire, to be king of Italy, turning one troublesome, nominal vassal against another.

Ereleuva

Theodoric was born in Pannonia in 454 as the son of king Theodemir, a Germanic Amali nobleman, and his concubine Ereleuva.
) was the mother of the Ostrogothic king Theoderic the Great.

Theodemir (Ostrogothic king)

Theodemir
Theodoric was born in Pannonia in 454 as the son of king Theodemir, a Germanic Amali nobleman, and his concubine Ereleuva.
Theodemir was king of the Ostrogoths of the Amal Dynasty, and father of Theoderic the Great.

King of Italy

KingKings of ItalyItaly
In 488, Emperor Zeno ordered Theoderic to overthrow the Germanic foederatus and King of Italy, Odoacer.
In 493, the Ostrogothic king Theoderic the Great killed Odoacer, and set up a new dynasty of kings of Italy.

Visigoths

VisigothicVisigothGothic
Theoderic the Great (454 – 30 August 526), often referred to as Theodoric (*𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃, ', Flāvius Theodericus, Teodorico, Θευδέριχος, ', Þēodrīc, Theoderich), was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire.
This conclusion is supported by Jordanes, who identified the Visigoth (Vesi) kings from Alaric I to Alaric II as the heirs of the 4th century Tervingian king Athanaric, and the Ostrogoth kings from Theoderic the Great to Theodahad as the heirs of the Greuthungi king Ermanaric.

Theodoric Strabo

Settling his people in lower Moesia, Theoderic came into conflict with Thracian Ostrogoths led by Theodoric Strabo, whom he eventually supplanted, uniting the peoples in 484.
He was a rival for the leadership of the Ostrogoths with his kinsman Theoderic the Great, who would ultimately supplant him.

Boethius

BoëthiusBoetiusAnicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
Theoderic's good relations with the Roman Senate deteriorated due to a presumed senatorial conspiracy in 522, and, in 523, Theoderic had the philosopher and court official Boethius and Boethius' father-in-law Symmachus executed on charges of treason related to the alleged plot.
Boethius entered public service under Ostrogothic King Theodoric the Great, who later imprisoned and executed him in 524 on charges of conspiracy to overthrow him.

Legends about Theoderic the Great

Dietrich von BernDietrichDietrich of Bern
Memories of his reign made him a hero of German legend as Dietrich von Bern.
In legends about Theoderic the Great that spread after his death, the Gothic king Theoderic became known as Dietrich von Bern, a king ruling from Verona (Bern) who was forced into exile with the Huns.

List of Byzantine emperors

Byzantine EmperorEmperorEmperor and Autocrat of the Romans
Emperor Zeno subsequently gave him the title of Patrician, Vir gloriosus, and the office of Magister militum (master of the soldiers), and even appointed him as consul.
Zeno concluded peace with the Vandals, saw off challenges against him by Illus and Verina, and secured peace in the Balkans by enticing the Ostrogoths under Theodoric the Great to migrate to Italy.

Amalasuntha

Amalswentha
Theoderic died in Ravenna on 30 August 526, and was succeeded by his grandson Athalaric, with Theoderic's daughter Amalasuntha serving as regent.
She was the youngest daughter of Theoderic the Great, and firmly believed in the upholding of Roman virtues and values.

Eutharic

Eutharicus Cillica
The Burgundians and Vandals threw off Ostrogothic hegemony by 523, and Theoderic's presumptive heir to both Gothic realms and son-in-law Eutharic died in 522, throwing his succession into doubt.
He was the son-in-law and presumptive heir of the Ostrogoth king Theoderic the Great but died in AD 522 at the age of 42 before he could inherit Theoderic's title.

Ravenna

Ravenna, ItalySavio(RA)
After a victorious four-year war, Theoderic killed Odoacer with his own hands while they shared a meal, settled his 200,000 to 250,000 people in Italy, and founded an Ostrogothic Kingdom based in Ravenna. In 493 he took Ravenna.
Odoacer ruled as King of Italy for 13 years, but in 489 the Eastern Emperor Zeno sent the Ostrogoth King Theoderic the Great to re-take the Italian peninsula.

Moesia

Moesia InferiorMoesia SuperiorLower Moesia
Settling his people in lower Moesia, Theoderic came into conflict with Thracian Ostrogoths led by Theodoric Strabo, whom he eventually supplanted, uniting the peoples in 484.
The chief towns of Upper Moesia in the Principate were: Singidunum (Belgrade), Viminacium (sometimes called municipium Aelium; modern Kostolac), Remesiana (Bela Palanka), Bononia (Vidin), Ratiaria (Archar) and Skupi (modern Skopje); of Lower Moesia: Oescus (colonia Ulpia, Gigen), Novae (near Svishtov, the chief seat of Theodoric the Great), Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikup; really near the river Yantra), Marcianopolis (Devnya), Odessus (Varna) and Tomis (Constanţa; to which the poet Ovid was banished).

Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribeGermanic tribes
Theodoric was born in Pannonia in 454 as the son of king Theodemir, a Germanic Amali nobleman, and his concubine Ereleuva.
The presence of successor states controlled by a nobility from one of the Germanic tribes is evident in the 6th century – even in Italy, the former heart of the Empire, where Odoacer was followed by Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, who was regarded by Roman citizens and Gothic settlers alike as legitimate successor to the rule of Rome and Italy.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineByzantinesEastern Roman Empire
Theoderic the Great (454 – 30 August 526), often referred to as Theodoric (*𐌸𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐍂𐌴𐌹𐌺𐍃, ', Flāvius Theodericus, Teodorico, Θευδέριχος, ', Þēodrīc, Theoderich), was king of the Ostrogoths (475–526), ruler of Italy (493–526), regent of the Visigoths (511–526), and a patricius of the Roman Empire.
Zeno negotiated with the invading Ostrogoths, who had settled in Moesia, convincing the Gothic king Theodoric to depart for Italy as magister militum per Italiam ("commander in chief for Italy") with the aim of deposing Odoacer.

Visigothic Kingdom

VisigothsVisigothicKing
In 511, the Visigothic Kingdom was brought under Theoderic's direct control, forming a Gothic empire that extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Adriatic Sea.
After Alaric II's death, his illegitimate son Gesalec took power until he was deposed by Theodoric the Great, ruler of the Ostrogothic Kingdom, who invaded and defeated him at Barcelona.

Zeno (emperor)

ZenoEmperor ZenoFlavius Zeno
Emperor Zeno subsequently gave him the title of Patrician, Vir gloriosus, and the office of Magister militum (master of the soldiers), and even appointed him as consul.
In 485 Zeno sent against the rebels a fresh army, said to consist of Macedonians and Scythians (Tillemont conjectures, not unreasonably, that these were Ostrogoths) under John the Hunchback, or, more probably, John the Scythian, and Theoderic the Amal, who was at this time consul.

Battle of Verona (489)

Battle of VeronaVeronadefeat
Arriving in Italy, Theodoric won the battles of Isonzo and Verona in 489.
The Battle of Verona was fought on 30 September 489 between the Ostrogothic leader Theoderic the Great and the Germanic King of Italy Odoacer.

Siege of Ravenna (490–493)

Siege of Ravennabesiegedbesieged him
In 493 he took Ravenna.
The Siege of Ravenna was a military engagement from 490–493, when Theoderic besieged Odoacer in Ravenna.

Battle of Faenza (490)

defeated
He was defeated by Odoacer at Faenza in 490, but regained the upper hand after securing victory in the Battle of the Adda River on August 11, 490.
The Battle of Faenza was fought between the Kingdom of Italy under Odoacer and the Ostrogoths under Theodoric the Great.

Kingdom of the Burgundians

BurgundyBurgundiansBurgundian
Theoderic extended his hegemony over the Burgundian and Vandal Kingdoms through marriage alliances.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476, King Gundobad allied with the mighty Frankish king Clovis I against the threat of the Ostrogothic king, Theoderic the Great.

Lake Neusiedl

Lake Neusiedl/Lake FertőNeusiedler SeeFertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
The man who would later rule under the name of Theoderic was born in AD 454, on the banks of the Neusiedler See near Carnuntum.
In 454 Theodoric the Great, the preeminent king of the Ostrogoths, was born here.

Battle of the Adda River

clashed
He was defeated by Odoacer at Faenza in 490, but regained the upper hand after securing victory in the Battle of the Adda River on August 11, 490.
The Battle of the Adda River occurred in 490 between the Ostrogothic Forces under Theoderic and the remaining army of the Heruli and Scirii under Flavius Odoacer.