Theodore Roosevelt

Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904
Theodore Roosevelt at age 11
The Roosevelt coat of arms as displayed on Theodore Roosevelt's bookplate, featuring three roses in a meadow (in reference to the family name, which means "rose field" in Dutch).
6-year-old Theodore and 5-year-old Elliott watch Lincoln's funeral procession from the second-floor window of their grandfather's mansion (at top left, facing the camera), Manhattan, April 25, 1865
Roosevelt's taxidermy kit
Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Roosevelt as New York State Assemblyman, 1883
Theodore Roosevelt as Badlands hunter in 1885. New York studio photo.
NYC Police Commissioner Roosevelt walks the beat with journalist Jacob Riis in 1894—Illustration from Riis's autobiography.
The Asiatic Squadron destroying the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Colonel Roosevelt and the Rough Riders after capturing Kettle Hill in Cuba in July 1898, along with members of the 3rd Volunteers and the regular Army black 10th Cavalry
Bureau of Engraving and Printing engraved portrait of Roosevelt as President
Official White House portrait by John Singer Sargent
Roosevelt driving through a sequoia tree tunnel
The U.S.'s intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903
1903 cartoon: "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me". Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone.
1904 election results
Roosevelt family at Oyster Bay, circa 1903
Roosevelt shortly after leaving office, October 1910
Roosevelt standing next to the elephant he shot on safari
Punch depicts no-holds-barred fight between Taft and Roosevelt
Roosevelt campaigning for president, 1912
Theodore Roosevelt's medical x-ray on October 14, 1912, after the assassination attempt, showing the bullet that would remain inside his body for life
The bullet-damaged speech and eyeglass case on display at the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace in Manhattan, New York City
From left to right (seated): Fr. John Augustine Zahm, Cândido Rondon, Kermit Roosevelt, Cherrie, Miller, four Brazilians, Roosevelt, Fiala. Only Roosevelt, Kermit, Cherrie, Rondon, and the Brazilians traveled down the River of Doubt.
Former President Theodore Roosevelt in Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1914
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt's Grave at Youngs Memorial Cemetery
Part of the Works of Theodore Roosevelt
Sagamore Hill, Roosevelt's Long Island estate
"The Man of the Hour" Roosevelt as Warrior in 1898 and Peacemaker in 1905 settling war between Russia and Japan
1910 cartoon showing Roosevelt's many roles from 1899 to 1910
Theodore Roosevelt and pilot Hoxsey at St. Louis, October 11, 1910.

American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

- Theodore Roosevelt
Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904

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Mark Hanna

American businessman and Republican politician who served as a United States Senator from Ohio as well as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

American businessman and Republican politician who served as a United States Senator from Ohio as well as chairman of the Republican National Committee.

Hanna's birthplace
Hanna as a boy
Mark Hanna, around 1877
Before McKinley, Hanna tried to make John Sherman president.
Joseph B. Foraker
William McKinley in the 1870s
Although McKinley did not run in 1892, the Duke Tobacco Company considered him a presidential possibility that year and issued a card for him.
A photograph taken of Mark Hanna after his election as Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
William Jennings Bryan, seen during the 1896 campaign.
Bryan's whistle-stop tour during the 1896 campaign was unprecedented. Here he addresses a crowd in Wellsville, Ohio.
McKinley (center) with a delegation in front of the famous front porch
An 1896 cartoon by Homer Davenport depicting McKinley as being firmly in Hanna's pocket.
In addition to giving speeches from his front porch in 1896, McKinley (lower right) gave orders for the conduct of his campaign from the library of his Canton home.
1896 Puck cover showing Hanna (left) and McKinley's Thanksgiving dinner—carving up the presidency.
A promotional button from Mark Hanna's U.S. Senate campaign.
Although the currency question was not as prominent in 1900 as in 1896 this Judge magazine cover shows it still played its part in the campaign.
Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States (1901-1909)
January 1904 political cartoon depicting Hanna hiding from presidential candidacy
A photo of Senator Hanna taken roughly a year before his death.
Statue of Mark Hanna by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, University Circle, Cleveland
"As they go to the polls" 1900 Homer Davenport cartoon suggesting a cozy relationship among Hanna, McKinley, and the trusts.

Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt shook his fist under Hanna's nose at the Gridiron Dinner and stated, "We will have this war for the freedom of Cuba in spite of the timidity of the commercial classes!"

Logo used by the SAR

Sons of the American Revolution

American congressionally chartered organization, founded in 1889 and headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky.

American congressionally chartered organization, founded in 1889 and headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky.

Logo used by the SAR
Logo used by the SAR
Philadelphia Continental Chapter of the SAR at a ceremony commemorating the birth of General and President George Washington at the Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier in Washington Square, Philadelphia
Theodore Roosevelt, a member of the organization, signed its Congressional Charter in 1906
Sons of the American Revolution grave marker, Old Ship Burying Ground, Hingham, Massachusetts
Horace Porter, U.S. Ambassador to France, served as President-General of the Sons of the American Revolution from 1892 to 1897.
Indiana Society SAR Color Guard appearing with the recreated 19th US Infantry at an outdoor Fourth of July concert with the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra.

The act was signed by President Theodore Roosevelt, who was a member.

Robert M. La Follette

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

For his son, also a senator, see Robert M. La Follette Jr. "Fighting Bob" redirects here.

Robert M. La Follette's college yearbook photo, 1879
Portrait from History of the Bench and Bar of Wisconsin, vol. 2, 1898
La Follette addressing a large Chautauqua assembly in Decatur, Illinois, 1905
La Follette in 1908
La Follette in 1912
Time cover, December 3, 1923
La Follette recording a radio speech in 1924, shortly before his death
1924 presidential election results by county. Counties won by La Follette are marked green.
La Follette with his wife and daughter in February 1924

He challenged Taft for the Republican presidential nomination in the 1912 presidential election, but his candidacy was overshadowed by that of former President Theodore Roosevelt.

Root in 1902

Elihu Root

American lawyer, Republican politician, and statesman who served as Secretary of State and Secretary of War in the early twentieth century.

American lawyer, Republican politician, and statesman who served as Secretary of State and Secretary of War in the early twentieth century.

Root in 1902
Crowds listen as Root delivers the opening speech of the 1904 Republican National Convention
Portrait of Elihu Root
Root's former home in Washington, D.C.
Elihu Root Gold Medal

Under presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, Root served as the United States Secretary of War 1899–1904.

Kermit Roosevelt in 1926

Kermit Roosevelt

American businessman, soldier, explorer, and writer.

American businessman, soldier, explorer, and writer.

Kermit Roosevelt in 1926
The Roosevelt family in 1903 with Quentin on the left, TR, Ted, Archie, Alice, Kermit, Edith, and Ethel
Kermit Roosevelt and his dog Jack, 1902
Kermit Roosevelt grew a beard during the trip while he and his father fought loss of equipment, disease, drowning and murder during their 1913 expedition down the River of Doubt in the Amazon Basin.
Kermit and Belle Roosevelt in Madrid, 1914
Kermit Roosevelt – John Singer Sargent's sketch from the cover of his book on his wartime experiences in Mesopotamia called War in the Garden of Eden.
Belle and Kermit Roosevelt in 1928

A son of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, Kermit graduated from Harvard College, served in both World Wars (with both the British and U.S. Armies), and explored two continents with his father.

History of the Democratic Party (United States)

Oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States.

Oldest voter-based political party in the world and the oldest existing political party in the United States.

Andrew Jackson, founder of the Democratic Party and the first president it elected.
1837 cartoon shows the Democratic Party as donkey
Martin Van Buren
August Belmont: DNC Chair for 12 years during and after the Civil war
To vote for Stephen A. Douglas in Virginia, a man deposited the ticket issued by the party in the official ballot box
Thomas Nast's January 1870 depiction of the Democratic donkey
Typewriters were new in 1893 and this Gillam cartoon from Puck shows that Grover Cleveland can not get the Democratic "machine" to work as the keys (key politicians) will not respond to his efforts
William Jennings Bryan at age 36 was the youngest candidate, October 1896
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the longest-serving president of the United States (1933–1945)
Adlai Stevenson warns against a return of the Republican policies of Herbert Hoover, 1952 campaign poster
President John F. Kennedy with his brothers, Attorney General and later New York Senator Robert F. Kennedy and Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy
President Lyndon Johnson foresaw the end of the Solid South when he signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964
President Jimmy Carter was elected in 1976 and defeated in 1980
Representative Thomas "Tip" O'Neill was Speaker of the House (1977–1987) and was the highest ranking Democrat in Washington, D.C. during most of Reagan's term
During Bill Clinton's presidency, the Democratic Party moved ideologically toward the center
Nancy Pelosi of California was the first woman to serve as Speaker of the House of Representatives
On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama was elected as the first African American president of the United States
Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Senator Bernie Sanders
Nancy Pelosi, the current House Speaker (2019–present), was highly visible adversary for President Trump.
Joe Biden defeated incumbent President Donald Trump on November 3, 2020.

Theodore Roosevelt dominated the first decade of the century and to the annoyance of Democrats "stole" the trust issue by crusading against trusts.

John J. Pershing

Senior United States Army officer.

Senior United States Army officer.

Pershing as a cadet in 1886
Captain John J. Pershing, c. 1902
Pershing with his wife Helen and three of their children
Portrait of Captain Pershing by Léon Hornecker (1903)
Generals Obregón, Villa, and Pershing, August 1914. A year later, Pershing's wife and three of his children died, and Villa sent him condolences. Six months later, Pershing chased Villa in Mexico.
Major General Pershing of the National Army
Pershing saluting the Marquis de Lafayette's grave in Paris
From left to right: Major General Francis J. Kernan, Major General James W. McAndrew, General John J. Pershing, Major General James Harbord and Brigadier General Johnson Hagood in Tours, France, July 1918.
Pershing at General Headquarters in Chaumont, France, October 1918.
Pershing on the front page of the first issue of Stars and Stripes, February 8, 1918.
British King George V and General John J. Pershing inspecting men from every unit of the U.S. 33rd Division which took part in the fighting at Hamel on July 4 and Chipilly on August 8. Molliens, August 12, 1918.
Major General William M. Wright with General John J. Pershing in Lucey, France, September 1918.
Officers of the 89th Division being decorated by General John J. Pershing in Trier, Germany, April 1919.
From left to right: General Philippe Pétain, British Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, General Ferdinand Foch and General John J. Pershing, all pictured here sometime in 1918.
Pershing and members of his staff at Headquarters, Chaumont.
General John J. Pershing and Colonel George C. Marshall, Pershing's aide-de-camp, in France, sometime in 1919.
Gen. Pershing as Army Chief of Staff
Bronze relief of Pershing, Kansas City, Missouri, Liberty Memorial.
Time cover, August 11, 1924.
Pershing's tombstone at Arlington National Cemetery
General Pershing lands in France in 1917
Pershing's ribbons as worn during World War I
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Signature of John Pershing as General of the Armies
General Pershing was honored with a U.S. postage stamp in 1961
Nita Patton was engaged to Pershing in 1917–18.
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President Theodore Roosevelt, taken by Pershing's ability, petitioned the Army General Staff to promote Pershing to colonel.

Coolidge in 1919

Calvin Coolidge

The 30th president of the United States from 1923 to 1929.

The 30th president of the United States from 1923 to 1929.

Coolidge in 1919
Professor Charles Edward Garman
Grace Coolidge
Coolidge as a State Representative in 1908
Coolidge's home (1906−1930) in Northampton, Massachusetts
Coolidge with his family
Coolidge inspects militia in Boston police strike
An original Harding-Coolidge campaign button
President Harding and Vice President Coolidge with their wives
President Coolidge signing appropriation bills for the Veterans Bureau on the South Lawn during the garden party for wounded veterans, June 5, 1924. General John J. Pershing is at left. The man at right, looking on, appears to be Veterans Bureau Director Frank T. Hines.
1924 electoral vote results
Coolidge with his vice president, Charles G. Dawes
Osage men with Coolidge after he signed the bill granting Native Americans U.S. citizenship
Official portrait of Calvin Coolidge
Coolidge's cabinet in 1924, outside the White House.
Front row, left to right: Harry Stewart New, John W. Weeks, Charles Evans Hughes, Coolidge, Andrew Mellon, Harlan F. Stone, Curtis D. Wilbur.
Back row, left to right: James J. Davis, Henry C. Wallace, Herbert Hoover, Hubert Work.
Coolidge appointed Harlan F. Stone first as Attorney General and then as a Supreme Court Justice.
Coolidge addressing a crowd at Arlington National Cemetery's Roman-style Memorial Amphitheater in 1924
Coolidge with reporters and cameramen
The Coolidge Homestead in Plymouth Notch, Vermont
upright=0.7|Coolidge as an Amherst College undergraduate
Coolidge was the only president to have his portrait on a coin during his lifetime: the Sesquicentennial of American Independence Half Dollar, minted in 1926.
Coolidge on a 1938 postage stamp

A major issue affecting Massachusetts Republicans that year was the party split between the progressive wing, which favored Theodore Roosevelt, and the conservative wing, which favored William Howard Taft.

James G. Blaine

American statesman and Republican politician who represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1876, serving as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and then in the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881.

American statesman and Republican politician who represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1876, serving as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and then in the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881.

The offices of the Kennebec Journal, where Blaine got his start in politics as editor.
James G. Blaine in the 1860s
Blaine's residence in the capital city of Augusta is the home of Maine governors.
James G. Blaine in the 1870s
Exposition Hall of Cincinnati during the announcement of Rutherford B. Hayes as the Republican nominee
Blaine worked with President Hayes (pictured) at times, but was never among his chief defenders in the Senate
The Interstate Exposition Building (known as the "Glass Palace") during the convention; James A. Garfield is on the podium, waiting to speak.
Blaine (left) was present at Garfield's assassination.
Blaine's mansion in Dupont Circle
Blaine/Logan campaign poster
An 1884 cartoon ridicules Blaine as the tattooed-man with many indelible scandals.
An anti-Cleveland cartoon highlights the Halpin scandal.
Blaine, Benjamin Harrison, and Henry Cabot Lodge and their families on vacation in Bar Harbor, Maine.
Blaine in his office, 1890
Sailors from the USS Baltimore (C-3) caused the major foreign affairs crisis of Blaine's second term as Secretary of State.
1890 political cartoon depicting Blaine "outplaying" British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.
Political cartoon depicting the death and funeral of Blaine.

His letter in the Tribune had raised his political profile even higher, and by 1888 Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge, both former opponents, urged Blaine to run against Cleveland again.

George Dewey

Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained that rank.

Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained that rank.

Admiral Dewey as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
George Dewey
Detail of a painting in the Vermont State House depicting Dewey on the USS Olympia (C-6) during the Battle of Manila Bay
Dewey on the cover of an 1899 souvenir calendar
Mildred Hazen Dewey
Dewey in 1899 art from Puck, which was the first successful humor magazine in the United States
Dewey in special full dress uniform as Admiral of the Navy.

Although Dewey was a long shot for the position, his friend Theodore Roosevelt arranged for President William McKinley to select Dewey over a more senior officer.