Theodore Roosevelt

Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904
Theodore Roosevelt at age 11
The Roosevelt coat of arms as displayed on Theodore Roosevelt's bookplate, featuring three roses in a meadow (in reference to the family name, which means "rose field" in Dutch).
6-year-old Theodore and 5-year-old Elliott watch Lincoln's funeral procession from the second-floor window of their grandfather's mansion (at top left, facing the camera), Manhattan, April 25, 1865
Roosevelt's taxidermy kit
Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Roosevelt as New York State Assemblyman, 1883
Theodore Roosevelt as Badlands hunter in 1885. New York studio photo.
NYC Police Commissioner Roosevelt walks the beat with journalist Jacob Riis in 1894—Illustration from Riis's autobiography.
The Asiatic Squadron destroying the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Colonel Roosevelt and the Rough Riders after capturing Kettle Hill in Cuba in July 1898, along with members of the 3rd Volunteers and the regular Army black 10th Cavalry
Bureau of Engraving and Printing engraved portrait of Roosevelt as President
Official White House portrait by John Singer Sargent
Roosevelt driving through a sequoia tree tunnel
The U.S.'s intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903
1903 cartoon: "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me". Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone.
1904 election results
Roosevelt family at Oyster Bay, circa 1903
Roosevelt shortly after leaving office, October 1910
Roosevelt standing next to the elephant he shot on safari
Punch depicts no-holds-barred fight between Taft and Roosevelt
Roosevelt campaigning for president, 1912
Theodore Roosevelt's medical x-ray on October 14, 1912, after the assassination attempt, showing the bullet that would remain inside his body for life
The bullet-damaged speech and eyeglass case on display at the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace in Manhattan, New York City
From left to right (seated): Fr. John Augustine Zahm, Cândido Rondon, Kermit Roosevelt, Cherrie, Miller, four Brazilians, Roosevelt, Fiala. Only Roosevelt, Kermit, Cherrie, Rondon, and the Brazilians traveled down the River of Doubt.
Former President Theodore Roosevelt in Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1914
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt's Grave at Youngs Memorial Cemetery
Part of the Works of Theodore Roosevelt
Sagamore Hill, Roosevelt's Long Island estate
"The Man of the Hour" Roosevelt as Warrior in 1898 and Peacemaker in 1905 settling war between Russia and Japan
1910 cartoon showing Roosevelt's many roles from 1899 to 1910
Theodore Roosevelt and pilot Hoxsey at St. Louis, October 11, 1910.

American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

- Theodore Roosevelt
Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904

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Gifford Pinchot portrait by Pirie MacDonald, 1909

Gifford Pinchot

American forester and politician.

American forester and politician.

Gifford Pinchot portrait by Pirie MacDonald, 1909
Portrait of Gifford Pinchot by Benjamin Johnston, c. 1901
Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot on the steamer Mississippi, 1907
Pinchot visiting summer campers attending the School of Forestry camp at Grey Towers (Pinchot is with the dog), 1910
Time cover, November 23, 1925
Grey Towers near Milford, Pennsylvania, a National Historic Site

Pinchot enjoyed a close relationship with President Theodore Roosevelt, who shared Pinchot's views regarding the importance of conservation.

Theodore Roosevelt Sr.

American businessman and philanthropist from the Roosevelt family.

American businessman and philanthropist from the Roosevelt family.

His wife, Martha Bulloch, who was affectionately called Mittie
Union Square Park Drinking Fountain (1881). Donated by Daniel Willis James and Theodore Sr.
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site.
Dining room of 6 West 57th Street.

Roosevelt was also the father of President Theodore Roosevelt and the paternal grandfather of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.

Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley with a revolver concealed under a cloth rag. Clipping of a wash drawing by T. Dart Walker.

Assassination of William McKinley

Shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York, on September 6, 1901, six months into his second term.

Shot on the grounds of the Pan-American Exposition at the Temple of Music in Buffalo, New York, on September 6, 1901, six months into his second term.

Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley with a revolver concealed under a cloth rag. Clipping of a wash drawing by T. Dart Walker.
Leon Czolgosz
William McKinley (to the left of center, with white shirtfront) delivers his final speech.
The "last posed photograph" of President McKinley, taken in the Government Building on September 5, 1901, the day before his assassination. Left to right: Mrs. John Miller Horton, Chairwoman of the Entertainment Committee of the Woman's Board of Managers; John G. Milburn; Manuel de Azpíroz, the Mexican Ambassador; the President; George B. Cortelyou, the President's secretary; Col. John H. Bingham of the Government Board.
President McKinley arrives at the Temple of Music
The operating room at the Exposition hospital
Senator Mark Hanna (left), friend of President McKinley, arriving at the Milburn House after the shooting
Milburn residence, where McKinley died
The assassination site as it appears today

McKinley initially appeared to be recovering, but he took a turn for the worse on September 13 as his wounds became gangrenous, and he died early the next morning; he was succeeded by his vice president, Theodore Roosevelt.

The Chilean Declaration of Independence on 18 February 1818

Monroe Doctrine

United States foreign policy position that opposed European colonialism in the Western Hemisphere.

United States foreign policy position that opposed European colonialism in the Western Hemisphere.

The Chilean Declaration of Independence on 18 February 1818
Gillam's 1896 political cartoon, Uncle Sam stands with rifle between the Europeans and Latin Americans
Spain fails to reconquer Mexico at the Battle of Tampico in 1829
French intervention in Mexico, 1861–1867
President Cleveland twisting the tail of the British Lion; cartoon in Puck by J.S. Pughe, 1895
Spanish–American War, the result of U.S. intervention in the Cuban War of Independence
American poses with dead Haitian revolutionaries killed by US Marine machine gun fire, 1915.
1903 cartoon: "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me". President Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone.
The U.S.-supported Nicaraguan contras

The intent and effect of the doctrine persisted for over a century, with only small variations, and would be invoked by many U.S. statesmen and several U.S. presidents, including Ulysses S. Grant, Theodore Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, and Ronald Reagan.

League of Nations

The first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.

The first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.

Anachronous world map showing member states of the League during its 26-year history.
The 1864 Geneva Convention, one of the earliest formulations of international law
The League to Enforce Peace published this full-page promotion in The New York Times on Christmas Day 1918. It resolved that the League "should ensure peace by eliminating causes of dissension, by deciding controversies by peaceable means, and by uniting the potential force of all the members as a standing menace against any nation that seeks to upset the peace of the world".
On his December 1918 trip to Europe, Woodrow Wilson gave speeches that "reaffirmed that the making of peace and the creation of a League of Nations must be accomplished as one single objective".
In 1924, the headquarters of the League was named "Palais Wilson", after Woodrow Wilson, who was credited as the "Founder of the League of Nations"
League of Nations Organisation chart
Palace of Nations, Geneva, the League's headquarters from 1936 until its dissolution in 1946
Child labour in a coal mine, United States, c. 1912
Child labour in Kamerun in 1919
A sample Nansen passport
A map of the world in 1920–45, which shows the League of Nations members during its history
Chinese delegate addresses the League of Nations concerning the Manchurian Crisis in 1932.
Emperor Haile Selassie I going into exile in Bath, England via Jerusalem
The Gap in the Bridge; the sign reads "This League of Nations Bridge was designed by the President of the U.S.A."
Cartoon from Punch magazine, 10 December 1920, satirising the gap left by the US not joining the League.
World map showing member states of the League of Nations (in green and red) on 18 April 1946, when the League of Nations ceased to exist.
League of Nations archives, Geneva.

Theodore Roosevelt at the acceptance for his Nobel Prize in 1910, Roosevelt said: "it would be a masterstroke if those great powers honestly bent on peace would form a League of Peace."

1920 United States presidential election

The 34th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1920.

The 34th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1920.

A ticket purchased by a guest of the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco.
Poster for the 1920 Democratic presidential ticket
Roosevelt and Cox at a campaign appearance in Washington, D.C.
Clifford Berryman's cartoon depiction of Eugene V. Debs' campaign from prison.
Map of presidential election results by county
650px
Senator
Major General
Governor
Senator
Governor
Columbia University President
Senator
Theodore Roosevelt
First Presidential Ballot
Second Presidential Ballot
Third Presidential Ballot
Fourth Presidential Ballot
Fifth Presidential Ballot
Sixth Presidential Ballot
Seventh Presidential Ballot
Eighth Presidential Ballot
Ninth Presidential Ballot
'''Tenth Presidential Ballot
'''Tenth Presidential Ballot
William Gibbs McAdoo
Alexander M. Palmer
Governor
John W. Davis
Governor
Senator
Vice President
Edwin T. Meredith
Senator
DNC Chairman
Senator
James W. Gerard
Senator
Senator
Governor-General
President
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Map of Republican presidential election results by county
Map of Democratic presidential election results by county
Map of "other" presidential election results by county
Cartogram of presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Republican presidential election results by county
Cartogram of Democratic presidential election results by county
Cartogram of "other" presidential election results by county

Former President Theodore Roosevelt had been the front-runner for the Republican nomination, but he died in 1919 without leaving an obvious heir to his progressive legacy.

Rough Riders

Nickname given to the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, one of three such regiments raised in 1898 for the Spanish–American War and the only one to see combat.

Nickname given to the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, one of three such regiments raised in 1898 for the Spanish–American War and the only one to see combat.

Colonel Theodore Roosevelt in his Rough Riders uniform on October 26, 1898, by Rockwood.
Troops arriving in Tampa
Rough Riders heading to Cuba aboard the steamship Yucatan.
"The Battle of Las Guasimas, June 24 - The heroic stand of the 'Rough Riders'" in Harper's Pictorial History of the War with Spain.
US Army encampment, 1st Volunteer Cavalry, Rough Riders, at the base of Kettle Hill about July 5, 1898. San Juan Hill and block houses are in background.
US Army photo taken near the base of Kettle Hill about July 4, 1898. The soldier is pointing up to the top of Kettle Hill. In the background are the block houses on San Juan Hill and the American encampment.
The Fight for Santiago. The "Rough Riders" charging up the San Juan Hill, July 1, and driving the Spanish from their intrenchments [sic]. Illustration from McClure's, October 1898
Original title: "Colonel Roosevelt and his Rough Riders at the top of the hill which they captured, Battle of San Juan Hill." US Army victors on Kettle Hill about July 3, 1898 after the battle of "San Juan Hill(s)." Left to right is 3rd US Cavalry, 1st Volunteer Cavalry (Col. Theodore Roosevelt center) and 10th US Cavalry. A second similar picture is often shown cropping out all but the 1st Vol Cav and TR.
US Postage Stamp, 1948 issue, commemorating 50th anniversary of Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders.
Ticket for a 1906 fund-raising event to help finance a monument for the Rough Riders erected later in 1906
Buffalo Bill's Wild West and Congress of Rough Riders of the World, c. undefined1898
William H. West's Big Minstrel Jubilee: The Charge of San Juan Hill

Wood's second in command was former Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt, a strong advocate for the Cuban War of Independence.

General Wood in 1918

Leonard Wood

United States Army major general, physician, and public official.

United States Army major general, physician, and public official.

General Wood in 1918
Plaque honoring Wood at the Georgia Institute of Technology
General Joe Wheeler with the command group of the 1st US Volunteer Cavalry Regiment—Col Wood is 2nd from right with Lt Col Roosevelt far right.
Leonard Wood and son Osborne C. Wood, circa 1920.
John Singer Sargent, Leonard Wood, Maverick in the Making, 1903, National Portrait Gallery
Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood in later years
Louise Adriana Condit Smith Wood (1918)

During the Spanish–American War, he commanded the Rough Riders, with Theodore Roosevelt as his second-in-command.

Captain Roosevelt, in 1919, recovering from wounds received during World War I

Archibald Roosevelt

Captain Roosevelt, in 1919, recovering from wounds received during World War I
Archie poses with his pony Algonquin in 1902
Roosevelt Family in 1903 with Quentin on the left, TR, Ted, Archie, Alice, Kermit, Edith, and Ethel
War in the Pacific – New Guinea Campaign's "Operation Cartwheel"
Lt. Col. Archibald Roosevelt during World War II (Official Army Photo)
Roosevelt Ridge "RR" from US Army History

Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt (April 9, 1894 – October 13, 1979) was a distinguished U.S. Army officer and commander of U.S. forces in both World War I and II, and the fifth child of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.

Women marching for the right to vote, 1912

Progressivism in the United States

Political philosophy and reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century.

Political philosophy and reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century.

Women marching for the right to vote, 1912
"The Bosses of the Senate", a cartoon by Joseph Keppler depicting corporate interests–from steel, copper, oil, iron, sugar, tin, and coal to paper bags, envelopes and salt–as giant money bags looming over the tiny senators at their desks in the Chamber of the United States Senate
A poster highlighting the situation of child labor in the United States in the early 20th century
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle exposed Americans to the horrors of the Chicago meatpacking plants.
Senator Bernie Sanders, an advocate of single-payer healthcare
Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez from New York, an advocate of action on climate change and author of the Green New Deal

Presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft supported trust-busting.