A report on Theodore Roosevelt

Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904
Theodore Roosevelt at age 11
The Roosevelt coat of arms as displayed on Theodore Roosevelt's bookplate, featuring three roses in a meadow (in reference to the family name, which means "rose field" in Dutch).
6-year-old Theodore and 5-year-old Elliott watch Lincoln's funeral procession from the second-floor window of their grandfather's mansion (at top left, facing the camera), Manhattan, April 25, 1865
Roosevelt's taxidermy kit
Roosevelt's birthplace at 28 East 20th Street in Manhattan, New York City
Roosevelt as New York State Assemblyman, 1883
Theodore Roosevelt as Badlands hunter in 1885. New York studio photo.
NYC Police Commissioner Roosevelt walks the beat with journalist Jacob Riis in 1894—Illustration from Riis's autobiography.
The Asiatic Squadron destroying the Spanish fleet in the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, 1898
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
Colonel Roosevelt and the Rough Riders after capturing Kettle Hill in Cuba in July 1898, along with members of the 3rd Volunteers and the regular Army black 10th Cavalry
Bureau of Engraving and Printing engraved portrait of Roosevelt as President
Official White House portrait by John Singer Sargent
Roosevelt driving through a sequoia tree tunnel
The U.S.'s intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903
1903 cartoon: "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me". Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone.
1904 election results
Roosevelt family at Oyster Bay, circa 1903
Roosevelt shortly after leaving office, October 1910
Roosevelt standing next to the elephant he shot on safari
Punch depicts no-holds-barred fight between Taft and Roosevelt
Roosevelt campaigning for president, 1912
Theodore Roosevelt's medical x-ray on October 14, 1912, after the assassination attempt, showing the bullet that would remain inside his body for life
The bullet-damaged speech and eyeglass case on display at the Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace in Manhattan, New York City
From left to right (seated): Fr. John Augustine Zahm, Cândido Rondon, Kermit Roosevelt, Cherrie, Miller, four Brazilians, Roosevelt, Fiala. Only Roosevelt, Kermit, Cherrie, Rondon, and the Brazilians traveled down the River of Doubt.
Former President Theodore Roosevelt in Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1914
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt's Grave at Youngs Memorial Cemetery
Part of the Works of Theodore Roosevelt
Sagamore Hill, Roosevelt's Long Island estate
"The Man of the Hour" Roosevelt as Warrior in 1898 and Peacemaker in 1905 settling war between Russia and Japan
1910 cartoon showing Roosevelt's many roles from 1899 to 1910
Theodore Roosevelt and pilot Hoxsey at St. Louis, October 11, 1910.

American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

- Theodore Roosevelt
Portrait by Pach Bros., c. 1904

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Panama Canal

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Artificial 82 km waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean and divides North and South America.

Artificial 82 km waterway in Panama that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean and divides North and South America.

Location of Panama between Pacific (bottom) and Caribbean (top), with canal at top center
The panamax ship MSC Poh Lin exiting the Miraflores locks, March 2013
Satellite image showing the location of Panama Canal: Dense jungles are visible in green.
Ferdinand de Lesseps, the French originator of the Suez Canal and the Panama Canal
Excavator at work in Bas Obispo, 1886
Share of the Compagnie Universelle du Canal Interocéanique de Panama, issued 29. November 1880 - signed by Ferdinand de Lesseps
The US's intentions to influence the area (especially the Panama Canal construction and control) led to the separation of Panama from Colombia in 1903.
The Culebra Cut in 1896
The Culebra Cut in 1902
Chief engineer John Frank Stevens
Sanitation officer William C. Gorgas
President Theodore Roosevelt sitting on a Bucyrus steam shovel at Culebra Cut, 1906
Construction work on the Gaillard Cut is shown in this photograph from 1907.
General George Washington Goethals, who completed the canal.
The USS Missouri, an, passes through the canal in 1945. The 108' 2" (32.96 m) beams of the Iowas and preceding were the largest ever to transit the Canal.
Pacific Side entrance
Gatun Lake provides the water used to raise and lower vessels in the Canal, gravity fed into each set of locks
Miter lock gate at Gatún
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the canal.
Maximum ship sizes for the Panama and Suez canals
Gatun locks showing the "mule" locomotives at work
New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side) in operation
Neopanamax ship passing through the Agua Clara locks.
A Marion steam shovel excavating the Panama Canal in 1908
The Panama Canal locks under construction in 1910
The first ship to transit the canal, the SS Ancon, passes through on 15 August 1914
Spanish laborers working on the Panama Canal in early 1900s

Bunau-Varilla told President Theodore Roosevelt and Hay of a possible revolt by Panamanian rebels who aimed to separate from Colombia, and hoped that the United States would support the rebels with US troops and money.

''Charge of the 24th and 25th Colored Infantry,

Battle of San Juan Hill

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Major battle of the Spanish–American War fought between an American force under the command of William Rufus Shafter and Joseph Wheeler against a Spanish force led by Arsenio Linares y Pombo.

Major battle of the Spanish–American War fought between an American force under the command of William Rufus Shafter and Joseph Wheeler against a Spanish force led by Arsenio Linares y Pombo.

''Charge of the 24th and 25th Colored Infantry,
U. S. Army photo of a soldier pointing at the top of Kettle Hill, c. July 4, 1898. In the background are the block houses on San Juan Hill and the American encampment.
At the Bloody Ford of the San Juan by Frederic Remington, 1898
US Army photo showing trench and block house on San Juan Hill about July 4, 1898. Soldiers are from the 10th U.S. Cavalry Regiment.
The Scream of Shrapnel at San Juan Hill, by Frederic Remington, 1898
Charge of the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill by Frederic Remington. In reality, they assaulted San Juan Heights and the portion later called Kettle Hill by the Americans.
Buffalo Soldiers who participated in the Spanish–American War at San Juan Hill.

The battle also proved to be the location of the "greatest victory" for the Rough Riders, as stated by the press and its new commander, Theodore Roosevelt, who eventually became vice president and later president of the United States, and who was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 2001 for his actions in Cuba and became the only U.S. president to receive the award.

James Stephens Bulloch

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Early Georgia settler and planter.

Early Georgia settler and planter.

He was also the maternal grandfather of President Theodore Roosevelt and a great-grandfather of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, her fifth cousin, once removed.

1898 political cartoon: "Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip" meaning the extension of U.S. domination (symbolized by a bald eagle) from Puerto Rico to the Philippines. The cartoon contrasts this with a map of the smaller United States 100 years earlier in 1798.

American imperialism

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American imperialism consists of policies aimed at extending the political, economic, media and cultural influence of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries.

American imperialism consists of policies aimed at extending the political, economic, media and cultural influence of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries.

1898 political cartoon: "Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip" meaning the extension of U.S. domination (symbolized by a bald eagle) from Puerto Rico to the Philippines. The cartoon contrasts this with a map of the smaller United States 100 years earlier in 1798.
U.S. westward expansionportions of each territory were granted statehood since the 18th century.
A New Map of Texas, Oregon, and California, Samuel Augustus Mitchell, 1846
Caricature by Louis Dalrymple showing Uncle Sam lecturing four children labeled Philippines, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and Cuba, in front of children holding books labeled with various U.S. states. A black boy is washing windows, a Native American sits separate from the class, and a Chinese boy is outside the door. The caption reads: "School Begins. Uncle Sam (to his new class in Civilization): Now, children, you've got to learn these lessons whether you want to or not! But just take a look at the class ahead of you, and remember that, in a little while, you will feel as glad to be here as they are!"
This cartoon reflects the view of Judge magazine regarding America's imperial ambitions following McKinley's quick victory in the Spanish–American War of 1898. The American flag flies from the Philippines and Hawaii in the Pacific to Cuba and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean.
One of the New York Journals most infamous cartoons, depicting Philippine–American War General Jacob H. Smith's order "Kill Everyone over Ten," from the front page on May 5, 1902.
A map of "Greater America" c. 1900, including overseas territories.
American troops marching in Vladivostok during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, August 1918
Protest against the deployment of Pershing II missiles in Europe, The Hague, Netherlands, 1983
On the cover of Puck published on April 6, 1901, in the wake of gainful victory in the Spanish–American War, Columbia—the National personification of the U.S.—preens herself with an Easter bonnet in the form of a warship bearing the words "World Power" and the word "Expansion" on the smoke coming out of its stack.
1903 cartoon, "Go Away, Little Man, and Don't Bother Me", depicts President Roosevelt intimidating Colombia to acquire the Panama Canal Zone
In 1899, Uncle Sam balances his new possessions which are depicted as savage children. The figures are Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Cuba, Philippines and "Ladrone Island" (Guam, largest of the Mariana Islands, which were formerly known as the Ladrones Islands).
American occupation of Mexico City in 1847
Ceremonies during the annexation of the Republic of Hawaii, 1898
CIA's Extraordinary Rendition and Detention Program – countries involved in the Program, according to the 2013 Open Society Foundation's report on torture.
A U.S. soldier stands guard duty near a burning oil well in the Rumaila oil field, Iraq, April 2003
Naval Base Guam in the U.S. territory of Guam
Enlargement of NATO
A convoy of U.S. soldiers during the American-led intervention in the Syrian Civil War, December 2018
Map of the United States and directly controlled territories at its greatest extent from 1898 to 1902, after the Spanish–American War
A map of Central America, showing the places affected by Theodore Roosevelt's Big Stick policy
McDonald's in Saint Petersburg, Russia
Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC) at Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar, 2015
Political cartoon depicting Theodore Roosevelt using the Monroe Doctrine to keep European powers out of the Dominican Republic.
U.S. military presence around the world in 2007., the U.S. had many bases and troops stationed globally. Their presence has generated controversy and opposition. 
More than 1,000 U.S. troops
100–1,000 U.S. troops
Use of military facilities

Supporters of the Presidents labelled as imperial including Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft justified interventions in or seizure of various countries by citing the need to advance American economic interests (such as trade and repayment of debts), the prevention of European intervention in the Americas (known as the Monroe Doctrine), and the benefits of keeping good order around the world.

Porcellian Club

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All-male final club at Harvard University, sometimes called the Porc or the P.C. The year of founding is usually given as 1791, when a group began meeting under the name "the Argonauts", or as 1794, the year of the roast pig dinner at which the club, known first as "the Pig Club" was formally founded.

All-male final club at Harvard University, sometimes called the Porc or the P.C. The year of founding is usually given as 1791, when a group began meeting under the name "the Argonauts", or as 1794, the year of the roast pig dinner at which the club, known first as "the Pig Club" was formally founded.

A menu from a dinner at the Porcellian Club 1884 (original in the Buttolph collection of menus, NYPL)
The Steward (1919) by Joseph DeCamp
McKean Gate

US President Theodore Roosevelt and other members of the extended Roosevelt family belonged to the Porcellian, but the club did not invite his distant cousin, Harvard sophomore Franklin D. Roosevelt (later a US President), to join.

21 South Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, headquarters of The Harvard Advocate

The Harvard Advocate

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Oldest continuously published college art and literary magazine in the United States.

Oldest continuously published college art and literary magazine in the United States.

21 South Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, headquarters of The Harvard Advocate
Harvard Advocate logo

Theodore Roosevelt edited the magazine in 1880.

Looking at the east entrance from Central Park West

American Museum of Natural History

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Natural history museum on the Upper West Side of Manhattan in New York City.

Natural history museum on the Upper West Side of Manhattan in New York City.

Looking at the east entrance from Central Park West
Looking at the east entrance from Central Park West
Drawing of the AMNH south facade
The American Museum of Natural History was housed in the Arsenal from 1869 until 1877.
This building was built in 1874 and opened in 1877. Currently, this building houses (first floor to fourth floor) the Hall of Northwest Coast Indians, Hall of African Peoples, the Sanford Hall of North American Birds, and Hall of Vertebrate Origins.
This building was completed by the end of the 19th century. The buildings beside this one would be complete in the early 20th century. Currently, this building houses (first floor to fourth floor) the Grand Gallery, Birds of the World, Primates, and the Wallach Orientation Center.
The old Romanesque Revival-style 77th Street entrance
The Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Hall is the main ticketing lobby.
The Akeley Hall of African Mammals is named after Carl Akeley.
Akeley Hall of African Mammals
Carl Akeley mounts specimens for the "Lions" diorama
The "Plains" diorama in Akeley Hall
Gorilla diorama in Akeley Hall of African Mammals
Vernay-Faunthorpe Hall of Asian Mammals
The Indian rhinoceros diorama at Vernay-Faunthorpe Hall
The two Alaska Peninsula brown bears at the AMNH
Alaska moose diorama in the Hall of North American Mammals
The Cuthbert Rookery Diorama contains many of the birds once endangered by plume hunting
Mural of flamingo nesting grounds by Louis Agassiz Fuertes.
Great egret diorama, c.1901
The Komodo dragon diorama featuring a group feeding on a wild boar carcass in the Hall of Reptiles and Amphibians.
The Mixed Deciduous Forest diorama
The Juniper Forest diorama
"Spring" display in Warburg Hall
Model of a blue whale in the Milstein Family Hall of Ocean Life
Diorama depicting Pokot methods of animal husbandry
Spiritual costumes from a variety of African tribes
Zapotec burial urns from Monte Albán
The cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead was associated with the Museum for many years.
Kwakwaka'wakw House Posts
Nuxalk Masks
Cape York Meteorite
Willamette Meteorite
Hall of Saurischian Dinosaurs
Skeleton of Styracosaurus
Edmontosaurus annectens fossil skeletons
A display of various species of ground sloths (from left) Megalocnus rodens, Scelidotherium cuvieri, Megalonyx wheatleyi, Glossotherium robustus
Rose Center for Earth and Space
A matrix barcode that uniquely identifies a specimen in the museum's entomology collection.
A forced perspective, miniature diorama of Isfahan
A Yakut shaman performs a healing rite in this diorama
A range of costumes worn by women in Islamic Asia
Assorted faceted and polished minerals
Labradorite specimen
Quartz var. agate geode
Microcline specimen
Quartz var. amethyst geode
Bengal tiger at the American Museum of Natural History
Diorama in Akeley Hall of African Mammals
Diorama in Akeley Hall of African Mammals
Diorama in Akeley Hall of African Mammals
Butterfly Conservatory
Display in Milstein Hall of Ocean Life
Tibetan Vajrapani statue
Tibetan Kalachakra statue
The museum's south range, and some of the west façade, in the 1920s
American bison and pronghorn diorama (right)
Night view of the museum, looking northwest from across Central Park West
A fiberglass cast of a moai in the Margaret Mead Hall of Pacific Peoples

Although Dodge himself could not fund the museum at the time, he introduced the naturalist to Theodore Roosevelt Sr., the father of future U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt.

George Dewey

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Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained that rank.

Admiral of the Navy, the only person in United States history to have attained that rank.

Admiral Dewey as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
George Dewey
Detail of a painting in the Vermont State House depicting Dewey on the USS Olympia (C-6) during the Battle of Manila Bay
Dewey on the cover of an 1899 souvenir calendar
Mildred Hazen Dewey
Dewey in 1899 art from Puck, which was the first successful humor magazine in the United States
Dewey in special full dress uniform as Admiral of the Navy.

Although Dewey was a long shot for the position, his friend Theodore Roosevelt arranged for President William McKinley to select Dewey over a more senior officer.

Republican Convention, The Coliseum, Chicago

1916 United States presidential election

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The 33rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1916.

The 33rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1916.

Republican Convention, The Coliseum, Chicago
Business advertising postcard exploiting public interest in the election; parts of Wilson's and Hughes' faces can be seen in this image, with the U.S. Capitol building in the background
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Charles Evans Hughes
Senator John W. Weeks from Massachusetts
Elihu Root from New York
Theodore E. Burton from Ohio
Former Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks from Indiana
Senator Albert B. Cummins from Iowa
<center>Theodore Roosevelt from New York (Refused nomination) </center>
<center>Victor Murdock from Kansas (Not formally nominated) </center>
<center>Governor Hiram Johnson of California (Declined interest) </center>
<center>Gifford Pinchot from Pennsylvania (Declined interest) </center>
<center>Newspaper editor Allan L. Benson from New York</center>
<center>State Representative James H. Maurer from Pennsylvania</center>
<center>Newspaper editor Arthur LeSueur from North Dakota</center>
Results by state
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Wilson
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Hughes
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for all others
A continuous cartogram of the 1916 United States presidential election
Cartogram shaded according to percentage of the vote for Wilson
Cartogram shaded according to percentage of the vote for Hughes
Cartogram shaded according to percentage of the vote for all others

While conservative and progressive Republicans had been divided in the 1912 election between the candidacies of incumbent President William Howard Taft and former President Theodore Roosevelt, they largely united around Hughes in his bid to oust Wilson.

1884 cartoon by Bernhard Gillam in Puck magazine which ridicules James G. Blaine as the man tattooed with many indelible scandals. The fourth 'judge' from the right (seated) is Teddy Roosevelt. A parody of Phryne before the Areopagus, an 1861 painting by French artist Jean-Léon Gérôme

Mugwumps

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The Mugwumps were Republican political activists in the United States who were intensely opposed to political corruption.

The Mugwumps were Republican political activists in the United States who were intensely opposed to political corruption.

1884 cartoon by Bernhard Gillam in Puck magazine which ridicules James G. Blaine as the man tattooed with many indelible scandals. The fourth 'judge' from the right (seated) is Teddy Roosevelt. A parody of Phryne before the Areopagus, an 1861 painting by French artist Jean-Léon Gérôme
Many editors supported the cause, such as E.L. Godkin
A "bogus" cremation for the benefit of the "life-long Democrats" 1885 cartoon by Joseph Keppler from Puck magazine
Charles Anderson Dana

Theodore Roosevelt stunned his upper class New York City friends by supporting Blaine in 1884; by rejecting the Mugwumps, he kept alive his Republican party leadership, clearing the way for his own political aspirations.