Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophiststheosophicTheosophical SocietyTheosophy (Blavatskian)Theosophical MovementTheosophismBoehmist theosophytheosopher
Theosophy is a religion established in the United States during the late nineteenth century.wikipedia
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Helena Blavatsky

Madame BlavatskyHelena Petrovna BlavatskyBlavatsky
It was founded primarily by the Russian immigrant Helena Blavatsky and draws its beliefs predominantly from Blavatsky's writings.
She gained an international following as the leading theoretician of Theosophy, the esoteric religion that the society promoted.

Occult

occultismoccultistoccultists
Categorised by scholars of religion as both a new religious movement and as part of the occultist stream of Western esotericism, it draws upon both older European philosophies like Neoplatonism and Asian religions like Hinduism and Buddhism.
Occultism is thus often used to categorise such esoteric traditions as Spiritualism, Theosophy, Anthroposophy, the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and New Age.

Masters of the Ancient Wisdom

Masters of WisdomMastermasters
As presented by Blavatsky, Theosophy teaches that there is an ancient and secretive brotherhood of spiritual adepts known as the Masters, who—although found across the world—are centered in Tibet.
The Masters of the Ancient Wisdom are reputed to be enlightened beings originally identified by the Theosophists Helena Blavatsky, Henry S. Olcott, Alfred Percy Sinnett, and others.

Theosophical Society in America

American Theosophical SocietyOther Theosophical societies in the United StatesQuest'' (Theosophical magazine)
Following Blavatsky's death in 1891, there was a schism in the Society, with Judge leading the Theosophical Society in America to split from the international organization.
The Theosophical Society in America (TSA) is a member-based nonprofit organization dedicated to the teaching of Theosophy and affiliated with the international Theosophical Society based in Adyar, Chennai, India.

New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spirituality
Theosophical ideas have also exerted an influence on a wide range of other esoteric movements and philosophies, among them Anthroposophy, the Church Universal and Triumphant, and the New Age.
Such prominent occultist influences include the work of Emanuel Swedenborg and Franz Mesmer, as well as the ideas of Spiritualism, New Thought, and Theosophy.

Church Universal and Triumphant

The Summit LighthouseChurch UniversalSummit University Press
Theosophical ideas have also exerted an influence on a wide range of other esoteric movements and philosophies, among them Anthroposophy, the Church Universal and Triumphant, and the New Age.
Its beliefs reflect features of the traditions of Theosophy and New Thought.

Annie Besant

Annie BeasantDr. Annie BesantAnnie Wood Besant
The Adyar-based Society was later taken over by Annie Besant, under whom it grew to its largest extent during the late 1920s, before going into decline. The term "Neo-Theosophy" would later be adopted within the modern Theosophical movement itself, where it was used—largely pejoratively—to describe the teachings promoted by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater by those who opposed their innovations.
Annie Besant (née Wood; 1 October 1847 – 20 September 1933) was a British socialist, theosophist, women's rights activist, writer, orator, educationist, and philanthropist.

Neo-Theosophy

Neo-TheosophicalNeo-Theosophistspseudo-theosophy
The term "Neo-Theosophy" would later be adopted within the modern Theosophical movement itself, where it was used—largely pejoratively—to describe the teachings promoted by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater by those who opposed their innovations.
The term Neo-Theosophy is a term, originally derogatory, used by the followers of Blavatsky to denominate the system of Theosophical ideas expounded by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater following the death of Madame Blavatsky in 1891.

Katherine Tingley

Under Judge's successor Katherine Tingley, a Theosophical community named Lomaland was established in San Diego.
Katherine Augusta Westcott Tingley (born July 6, 1847, Newbury, Massachusetts; died July 11, 1929, Visingsö, Sweden) was a social worker and prominent Theosophist.

The Key to Theosophy

In her book The Key to Theosophy, Blavatsky claimed that the term "Theosophy" had been coined by "the Alexandrian philosophers", especially Ammonius Saccas.
It covers Theosophy and the Theosophical Society, Nature of the Human Being, Life After Death, Reincarnation, Kama-Loka and Devachan, the Human Mind, Practical Theosophy and the Mahatmas.

Hermann Schmiechen

The most important portraits of the Masters to be produced were created in 1884 by Hermann Schmiechen.
Hermann Schmiechen (22 July 1855 – c. 1923 or 1925) was a German portrait painter and Theosophist.

Charles Webster Leadbeater

C.W. LeadbeaterC. W. LeadbeaterCharles W. Leadbeater
The term "Neo-Theosophy" would later be adopted within the modern Theosophical movement itself, where it was used—largely pejoratively—to describe the teachings promoted by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater by those who opposed their innovations.
His interest in Theosophy was stimulated by A.P. Sinnett's Occult World, and he joined the Theosophical Society in 1883.

Koot Hoomi

KuthumiKoot HumiIndian mystic
However, the most prominent Masters to appear in Theosophical literature are Koot Hoomi (sometimes spelled Kuthumi) and Morya, with whom Blavatsky claimed to be in contact.
He engaged in a correspondence with two English Theosophists living in India, A. P. Sinnett and A. O. Hume, which correspondence was published in the book The Mahatma Letters to A. P. Sinnett.

Root race

AtlantisEpochthe sixth root race
In The Secret Doctrine, Blavatsky advocated the idea of seven "Root Races", each of which was divided into seven Sub-Races.
Root races are stages in human evolution in the esoteric cosmology of theosophist Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, as described in her book The Secret Doctrine (1888).

Anthroposophy

anthroposophistanthroposophicalanthroposophic
Theosophical ideas have also exerted an influence on a wide range of other esoteric movements and philosophies, among them Anthroposophy, the Church Universal and Triumphant, and the New Age.
Anthroposophy adapted Theosophy's complex system of cycles of world development and human evolution.

Jiddu Krishnamurti

J. KrishnamurtiKrishnamurtiJ Krishnamurti
Besant and Leadbeater claimed that Maitreya would again come to Earth by manifesting through an Indian boy named Jiddu Krishnamurti, whom Leadbeater had encountered playing on a beach at Adyar in 1909. Leadbeater travelled to Adyar, where he met a young boy living there, Jiddu Krishnamurti, and pronounced him to be the next incarnation of a figure called the World Teacher.
In his early life he was groomed to be the new World Teacher but later rejected this mantle and withdrew from the Theosophy organization behind it.

Emanationism

emanationemanationsemanationist
It promotes an emanationist cosmology in which the universe is perceived as outward reflections from this Absolute.
Theosophy contends that all organisms—including animals and human beings—and all matter "flow" from a pure spiritual formation in the Absolute to a material one over time to become materialised and that they will later return to the Absolute after the cosmic cycle of life.

William Quan Judge

W.Q. JudgeJudgeW. Q. Judge
Theosophy was established in New York City in 1875 with the founding of the Theosophical Society by Blavatsky and two Americans, Henry Olcott and William Quan Judge.
Judge wrote theosophical articles for various theosophical magazines, and also the introductory volume, The Ocean of Theosophy in 1893.

Devachan

According to this belief, the human then moves into its mental body in a realm called devachan, which she compared to Heaven or paradise.
Devachan (compound word; Sanskrit 'deva', gods, and the Tibetan word 'chan' Wylie: 'can', possessing, having, subject to) is the "dwelling of the gods" according to the original teachings of Theosophy as formulated by H.P. Blavatsky.

Akashic records

Memory of NatureAkashic Recordever-living records
Besant and Leadbeater claimed to be able to investigate people's past lives through reading the akashic record, an etheric store of all the knowledge of the universe.
In theosophy and anthroposophy, the Akashic records are a compendium of all human events, thoughts, words, emotions, and intent ever to have occurred in the past, present, or future.

Reincarnation

reincarnatedrebirthpast lives
Theosophy teaches that the purpose of human life is spiritual emancipation and claims that the human soul undergoes reincarnation upon bodily death according to a process of karma.
Recent studies have indicated that some Westerners accept the idea of reincarnation including certain contemporary people who were from Catholic families, modern Neopagans, followers of Spiritism, Dianetics, Scientology, Astara, Theosophists, Anthroposophists and students of esoteric philosophies such as Kabbalah, and Gnostic and Esoteric Christianity as well as followers of Indian religions.

Lemuria (continent)

LemuriaLemurianLemurians
The third lived on the continent of Lemuria, which Blavatsky alleged survives today as Australia and Rapa Nui.
The idea of Lemuria was subsequently incorporated into the proto-New Age philosophy of Theosophy and subsequently into general fringe belief.

Liberal Catholic Church

Liberal CatholicCatholic liberalism
However, ritualised practices have been established by various Theosophical groups; one such group is the Liberal Catholic Church.
There are essentially two groups of Liberal Catholic churches: those which espouse theosophical ideas and those which do not.

Ascended master

Ascended MastersSpiritual HierarchyWorld Teacher
Leadbeater travelled to Adyar, where he met a young boy living there, Jiddu Krishnamurti, and pronounced him to be the next incarnation of a figure called the World Teacher.
In the Ascended Master Teachings of a number of movements in the Theosophical tradition, Ascended Masters are believed to be spiritually enlightened beings who in past incarnations were ordinary humans, but who have undergone a series of spiritual transformations originally called initiations.

Atlantis

AtlanteanAtlanteansAtlantian
At this point, the fourth Root Race appeared, living on the continent of Atlantis; they had physical bodies but also psychic powers and advanced technology.
The Theosophists believed that the civilization of Atlantis reached its peak between 1,000,000 and 900,000 years ago, but destroyed itself through internal warfare brought about by the dangerous use of psychic and supernatural powers of the inhabitants.