Thermaic Gulf

Thermaikos GulfGulf of SalonicaGulf of SalonikaThermian Gulf
The Thermaic Gulf, also called the Gulf of Salonika and the Macedonian Gulf, is a gulf constituting the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea.wikipedia
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Thessaloniki

ThessalonicaSalonikaSalonica
The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner. It is named after the ancient town of Therma, modern Thessaloniki.
Thessaloniki is located on the Thermaic Gulf, at the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea.

Aegean Sea

AegeanAegean coastAgean sea
The Thermaic Gulf, also called the Gulf of Salonika and the Macedonian Gulf, is a gulf constituting the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea.
The bays and gulfs of the Aegean beginning at the South and moving clockwise include on Crete, the Mirabello, Almyros, Souda and Chania bays or gulfs, on the mainland the Myrtoan Sea to the west with the Argolic Gulf, the Saronic Gulf northwestward, the Petalies Gulf which connects with the South Euboic Sea, the Pagasetic Gulf which connects with the North Euboic Sea, the Thermian Gulf northwestward, the Chalkidiki Peninsula including the Cassandra and the Singitic Gulfs, northward the Strymonian Gulf and the Gulf of Kavala and the rest are in Turkey; Saros Gulf, Edremit Gulf, Dikili Gulf, Gulf of Çandarlı, Gulf of İzmir, Gulf of Kuşadası, Gulf of Gökova, Güllük Gulf.

Pieria (regional unit)

PieriaPieria regional unitPieria Prefecture
The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner.
The Thermaic Gulf lies to the east.

Imathia

EmathiaHemathiaImathia Prefecture
The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner.
Imathia has a short shoreline on the Thermaic Gulf, around the mouth of the Aliakmonas.

Therma

ThermeTerm
It is named after the ancient town of Therma, modern Thessaloniki.
Therma or Thermē was a Greek city founded by Eretrians or Corinthians in late 7th century BC in ancient Mygdonia (which was later incorporated into Macedon), situated at the northeastern extremity of a great gulf of the Aegean Sea, the Thermaic Gulf.

Megalo Embolo

AeneiumKarabournou Fortress
By narrower definitions, the Thermaic Gulf is bounded on the west by the line from the mouth of the Vardar or Axios to Cape Megalo Embolo, making it about 15 km long; while the smaller Gulf of Salonica is bounded by a line running from the mouth of the Gallikos to Karabournaki (Mikro Embolo).
The line from Megalo Embolo to the mouth of the Vardar/Axios is sometimes considered to define the entrance of the Thermaic Gulf.

Pydna

KitrosCitrusCitrus (titular see)
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.
Pydna is situated in fertile land close to the Thermaic Gulf coast.

Methoni, Pieria

MethoneMethoniNea Agathoupoli
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.
The ancient Eretrian settlement of Methone, located at the interface between the Thessaloniki plain, the hilly terrain of Pieria and the shoreline of Thermaic Gulf, has gone through numerous wartime situations over the past centuries.

Peraia, Thessaloniki

Peraia
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.
Peraia is located on the south coast of the Thermaic Gulf, 15 km south of Thessaloniki city centre and 4 km west of Thessaloniki International Airport.

Olympiaki Akti

Olympic Coast
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.
Olympiaki Akti is a tourist destination coastal resort (Greek: θέρετρο) settlement of the Katerini municipality (Katerini municipality division of Olympiaki Akti) in the east coast of Pieria, Greece, where lies Thermaic Gulf.

Gallikos (river)

GallikosEcheidorusEchedorus
By narrower definitions, the Thermaic Gulf is bounded on the west by the line from the mouth of the Vardar or Axios to Cape Megalo Embolo, making it about 15 km long; while the smaller Gulf of Salonica is bounded by a line running from the mouth of the Gallikos to Karabournaki (Mikro Embolo). The rivers emptying into the gulf are the Pineios, Aliakmon, Loudias, Gallikos and Axios/Vardar; several streams including one near Pydna also empty into the gulf.
It rises in the Krousia Mountain and flows into the Aegean Sea in the Thermaic Gulf, near Sindos.

Pella

ancient city of Pellaof PhacosPella Macedonian Tombs
The Thermaic Gulf was significantly larger in classical times, with many ancient seaside cities (e.g. Pella) are now found several kilometers inland.
In Antiquity, Pella was a strategic port connected to the Thermaic Gulf by a navigable inlet, but the harbour and gulf have since silted up, leaving the site landlocked.

Paralia, Pieria

ParaliaParalia Katerinis
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.
Paralia is situated on the west coast of the Thermaic Gulf.

Haliacmon

AliakmonAliakmon RiverAliakmonas
The rivers emptying into the gulf are the Pineios, Aliakmon, Loudias, Gallikos and Axios/Vardar; several streams including one near Pydna also empty into the gulf.
It flows into the Thermaic Gulf west of the delta of the Axios (Vardar), northeast of the coastal town Methoni.

Loudias River

LoudiasLydiasLoudias (river)
The rivers emptying into the gulf are the Pineios, Aliakmon, Loudias, Gallikos and Axios/Vardar; several streams including one near Pydna also empty into the gulf.
In the past water from the Voras, Vermio and Paiko mountains, flowed into Giannitsa Lake and from there flowed to the Thermaic Gulf.

Chalkidiki

ChalcidiceHalkidikiChalkidike
The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner.

Kassandra, Chalkidiki

PalleneKassandraKassandra Peninsula
The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner.

Karabournaki

Mikro EmvoloMikro Karabournou
By narrower definitions, the Thermaic Gulf is bounded on the west by the line from the mouth of the Vardar or Axios to Cape Megalo Embolo, making it about 15 km long; while the smaller Gulf of Salonica is bounded by a line running from the mouth of the Gallikos to Karabournaki (Mikro Embolo).

Roman Empire

RomanRomansEmpire
To the Romans, the gulf was also known as Thermaicus or Thermaeus sinus ("Gulf of Therma") and as Macedonicus sinus ("The Gulf of Macedon", or "The Macedonian Gulf").

Macedonia (ancient kingdom)

MacedonMacedoniaancient Macedonia
To the Romans, the gulf was also known as Thermaicus or Thermaeus sinus ("Gulf of Therma") and as Macedonicus sinus ("The Gulf of Macedon", or "The Macedonian Gulf").

Macedonia (region)

Macedoniaregion of MacedoniaMacedonian
To the Romans, the gulf was also known as Thermaicus or Thermaeus sinus ("Gulf of Therma") and as Macedonicus sinus ("The Gulf of Macedon", or "The Macedonian Gulf").

Kassandreia

Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.

Potidaea

PotideaPotidaiaPoteidaea
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.

Nea Moudania

MoudaniaPortariaNew Moudania
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.

Kalochori, Thessaloniki

Kalochori
Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti.