Third Czechoslovak Republic

CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovak RepublicCzechoslovak governmentThird Republic1945–19483rd CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovak Republicfrom 1945 to 1948liberal democratic governmentnew government
During World War II, Czechoslovakia disappeared from the map of Europe.wikipedia
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Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
During World War II, Czechoslovakia disappeared from the map of Europe.
1945–1960: Czechoslovak Republic (ČSR), or Czechoslovakia

Edvard Beneš

BenešPresident BenešBeneš, Edvard
Consequently, the political and economic organisation of Czechoslovakia became largely a matter of negotiations between Edvard Beneš and Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) exiles living in Moscow.
He died of natural causes at his villa in Sezimovo Ústí on 3 September 1948, just seven months after the end of the liberal democratic government he helped create.

1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

Communist coupcoup d'état1948 coup d'état
In February 1948, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized full power in a coup d'état.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During World War II, Czechoslovakia disappeared from the map of Europe.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
During World War II, Czechoslovakia disappeared from the map of Europe.

Sovereign state

statestatessovereign states
The Third Czechoslovak Republic (Třetí Československá republika, Tretia česko-slovenská republika) which emerged as a sovereign state was not only the result of the policies of the victorious Western allies, the French Fourth Republic, the United Kingdom and the United States, but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak ideal embodied in the First Czechoslovak Republic.

French Fourth Republic

Fourth RepublicFranceFrench
The Third Czechoslovak Republic (Třetí Československá republika, Tretia česko-slovenská republika) which emerged as a sovereign state was not only the result of the policies of the victorious Western allies, the French Fourth Republic, the United Kingdom and the United States, but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak ideal embodied in the First Czechoslovak Republic.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
The Third Czechoslovak Republic (Třetí Československá republika, Tretia česko-slovenská republika) which emerged as a sovereign state was not only the result of the policies of the victorious Western allies, the French Fourth Republic, the United Kingdom and the United States, but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak ideal embodied in the First Czechoslovak Republic.

First Czechoslovak Republic

CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovak RepublicCzechoslovak
The Third Czechoslovak Republic (Třetí Československá republika, Tretia česko-slovenská republika) which emerged as a sovereign state was not only the result of the policies of the victorious Western allies, the French Fourth Republic, the United Kingdom and the United States, but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak ideal embodied in the First Czechoslovak Republic.

Soviet Empire

Soviet sphere of influenceSoviet satellite statesSoviet expansionism
However, at the conclusion of World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence, and this circumstance dominated any plans or strategies for postwar reconstruction.

Communist Party of Czechoslovakia

Communist PartyCommunistKSČ
Consequently, the political and economic organisation of Czechoslovakia became largely a matter of negotiations between Edvard Beneš and Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) exiles living in Moscow. In February 1948, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized full power in a coup d'état.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoskvaMuscovite
Consequently, the political and economic organisation of Czechoslovakia became largely a matter of negotiations between Edvard Beneš and Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) exiles living in Moscow.

Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

CzechoslovakiaČSSRcommunist Czechoslovakia
Although the country's official name remained the Czechoslovak Republic until 1960, when it was changed to the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, February 1948 is considered the end of the Third Republic.

Košice

KassaKosiceKošice, Slovakia
Its government, installed at Košice on 4 April and moved to Prague after its liberation on 10 May, was a National Front coalition in which three socialist parties—KSČ, Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party, and Czechoslovak National Social Party—predominated.

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
Its government, installed at Košice on 4 April and moved to Prague after its liberation on 10 May, was a National Front coalition in which three socialist parties—KSČ, Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party, and Czechoslovak National Social Party—predominated.

Prague Offensive

PragueGerman-occupied Czechoslovakia "race to Prague
Its government, installed at Košice on 4 April and moved to Prague after its liberation on 10 May, was a National Front coalition in which three socialist parties—KSČ, Czechoslovak Social Democratic Party, and Czechoslovak National Social Party—predominated.

Klement Gottwald

GottwaldPresident GottwaldGottwalda
The KSČ leader Klement Gottwald, however, professed commitment to a "gradualist" approach, that is, to a KSČ assumption of power by democratic means.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
Czechoslovaks, bitterly disappointed by the West at the Munich Agreement, responded favourably to both the KSČ and the Soviet alliance.

Petite bourgeoisie

petty bourgeoispetty bourgeoisiepetit-bourgeois
The party worked to acquire a mass membership, including peasants and the petite bourgeoisie, as well as the proletariat.

1946 Czechoslovak parliamentary election

19461946 elections1946 election
In the May 1946 election, the KSČ won in the Czech part of the country (40.17%), while the anti-Communist Democratic Party won in Slovakia (62%).

Jan Masaryk

JanDeath of a DemocratMasaryk
Beneš continued as president of the republic, and Jan Masaryk, son of the revered founding father, continued as foreign minister.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The Third Czechoslovak Republic (Třetí Československá republika, Tretia česko-slovenská republika) which emerged as a sovereign state was not only the result of the policies of the victorious Western allies, the French Fourth Republic, the United Kingdom and the United States, but also an indication of the strength of the Czechoslovak ideal embodied in the First Czechoslovak Republic. In July, the Czechoslovak government, with KSČ approval, accepted an Anglo-French invitation to attend preliminary discussions of the Marshall Plan.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
In July, the Czechoslovak government, with KSČ approval, accepted an Anglo-French invitation to attend preliminary discussions of the Marshall Plan.

Marshall Plan

Marshall Aidthe Marshall Planreconstruction
In July, the Czechoslovak government, with KSČ approval, accepted an Anglo-French invitation to attend preliminary discussions of the Marshall Plan.