Third Temple

TempleJewish Templerebuild the TempleTemple in Jerusalemnew Templerebuilding of The Templerestored TempleThirdThird Temple of Jerusalema future temple
The Third Temple (בית המקדש השלישי, Beit haMikdash haShlishi, literally: The House, the Holy, the Third) would be the third Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, after Solomon's Temple and the rebuilt Second Temple.wikipedia
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Orthodox Judaism

OrthodoxOrthodox JewishOrthodox Jews
Although it remains unbuilt, the notion of and desire for a Third Temple is sacred in Judaism, particularly Orthodox Judaism, and anticipated as a place of worship.
Other key doctrines include belief in a future bodily resurrection of the dead, divine reward and punishment for the righteous and the sinners, the Election of Israel as a people bound by a covenant with God, and an eventual Messianic Age ruled by a salvific Messiah-King who will restore the Temple in Jerusalem.

Temple Mount

Haram al-SharifMount MoriahHaram ash-Sharif
Since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, religious Jews have expressed their desire to see the building of a Third Temple on the Temple Mount.
Jewish tradition maintains it is here that a third and final Temple will also be built.

Conservative Judaism

ConservativeConservative JewishConservative movement
Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist authorities disavow all belief in the resumption of korban.
Relating to the Messianic ideal, the movement rephrased most petitions for the restoration of the Sacrifices into past tense, rejecting a renewal of animal offerings, though not opposing a Return to Zion and even a new Temple.

Book of Ezekiel

EzekielEzek.Yekhezqel
Architectural plans for Ezekiel's Temple exist in Chapters 40–47 of the Book of Ezekiel, which predates the Second Temple.

Reform Judaism

ReformReform JewishReform Jews
Conservative, Reform, and Reconstructionist authorities disavow all belief in the resumption of korban.
The belief in redemption was unhinged from the traditional elements of return to Zion and restoration of the Temple and the sacrificial cult therein, and turned into a general hope for salvation.

Messiah in Judaism

Jewish MessiahMessiahJewish messianism
Orthodox scholars and rabbinic authorities generally believe that rebuilding should occur in the era of the Jewish messiah at the hand of divine providence, although a minority position, following the opinion of Maimonides, holds that Jews should endeavour to rebuild the temple themselves, whenever possible.
Orthodox views hold that the Messiah will be descended from his father through the line of King David, and will gather the Jews back into the Land of Israel, usher in an era of peace, build the Third Temple, father a male heir, re-institute the Sanhedrin, and so on.

Amidah

Shemoneh EsreiShemoneh EsrehShemoneh 'Esreh
Prayer for this is a formal part of the Jewish tradition of thrice daily Amidah prayer.
May it be your will, O my God and God of my fathers, that the Temple be rebuilt speedily in our days, and give us our portion in your Torah, and there we will worship you with reverence as in ancient days and former years.

Korban

sacrificessacrificekorbanot
Orthodox Judaism believes in the rebuilding of a Third Temple and the resumption of korban (sacrifices), although there is disagreement about how rebuilding should take place.
Most Orthodox Jews believe that animal sacrifice will be resumed once the Third Temple is built, others believe that prayer and tzedakah will suffice.

Julian (emperor)

JulianJulian the ApostateEmperor Julian
There was an aborted project under Roman emperor Julian (361–363 CE) to rebuild the Temple.
His attempt to build a Third Temple in Jerusalem was probably intended to harm Christianity rather than please Jews.

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonementthe Day of AtonementErev Yom Kippur
A number of other requirements, such as the practices of immersing in a mikveh before Yom Kippur, washing the hands in the morning, before meals, and after a funeral, derive from these principles.
A variety of liturgical poems are added, including a poem recounting the radiance of the countenance of the Kohen Gadol after exiting the Holy of Holies, traditionally believed to emit palpable light in a manner echoing the Torah's account of the countenance of Moses after descending from Mount Sinai, as well as prayers for the speedy rebuilding of the Temple and the restoration of sacrificial worship.

The Temple Institute

Temple Institute
The Temple Institute and the Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael Faithful Movement each state that its goal is to build the Third Temple on the Temple Mount (Mount Moriah).
The Temple Institute, known in Hebrew as Machon HaMikdash, is an organization in Israel focusing on the endeavor of establishing the Third Temple.

Red heifer

red cowcow with the yellow color
While many of the original purification ceremonies involved (such as the red heifer ceremony) became impossible in the absence of the Temple and its rites, Rabbinic Judaism, and later Orthodox Judaism, considered Jews obligated to observe such laws of ritual purity as are possible, and retained a large number of the rules as principles for ordinary life.
Because the state of ritual purity obtained through the ashes of a red heifer is a necessary prerequisite for participating in Temple service, efforts have been made in modern times by Jews wishing for biblical ritual purity (see tumah and taharah) and in anticipation of the building of the Third Temple to locate a red heifer and recreate the ritual.

Shlomo Goren

Rabbi GorenRabbi Shlomo Goren
In August 1967, after the Israeli capture of the Mount, Rabbi Shlomo Goren, the Chief Rabbi of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (and later chief rabbi of the State of Israel), began organizing public prayer for Jews on the Temple Mount.
Goren repeatedly advocated or supported building a Third Temple on the Temple Mount from the 1960s onward, and was associated with various messianic projects involving the site.

Ezekiel

EzechielYechezkelEzekial
While there are a number of differing views amongst Christianity with regard to the significance or the requirement of a third temple being built in Jerusalem, according to the writers of the New Testament, the New Covenant (spoken of in Jeremiah 31:31–34) is marked by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit in the believer (Ezekiel 36:26–27) and that therefore every believer's body and every gathering of believers comprise the temple, or that the temple has been superseded.
In Judaism and Christianity, he is also viewed as the 6th-century BCE author of the Book of Ezekiel, which reveals prophecies regarding the destruction of Jerusalem, the restoration to the land of Israel, and what some call the Millennial Temple (or Third Temple) visions.

Ezekiel's Temple

the Temple
Architectural plans for Ezekiel's Temple exist in Chapters 40–47 of the Book of Ezekiel, which predates the Second Temple.
A number of Christian commentators also believe that this temple will be a literal Fourth Temple, which will exist during the Millennial Kingdom, following the destruction of a future temple that will be desecrated by the Antichrist.

Christian eschatology

eschatologyeschatologicalChristian eschatological
The rebuilding of the Third Temple also plays a major role in some interpretations of Christian eschatology.

Ezekiel 47

47the forty-seventh chapter
Architectural plans for Ezekiel's Temple exist in Chapters 40–47 of the Book of Ezekiel, which predates the Second Temple.

Ezekiel 40

Ezekiel 40:540Ezekiel 40:1
Architectural plans for Ezekiel's Temple exist in Chapters 40–47 of the Book of Ezekiel, which predates the Second Temple.

Zion

SionDaughter of ZionMount Sion
Ben F. Meyer, also, argued that Jesus applied prophecy regarding Zion and temple to himself and his followers:
In Kabbalah, the more esoteric reference is made to Tzion being the spiritual point from which reality emerges, located in the Holy of Holies of the First, Second and Third Temple.

New Jerusalem

Heavenly JerusalemCity of GodCelestial city
Some dispensationalists believe this will be the case with the Second Coming when Jesus reigns over earth from the city of New Jerusalem.
In the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible, New Jerusalem (, YHWH-shammah, or YHWH [is] there") is Ezekiel's prophetic vision of a city centered on the rebuilt Holy Temple, the Third Temple, to be established in Jerusalem, which would be the capital of the Messianic Kingdom, the meeting place of the twelve tribes of Israel, during the Messianic era. The prophecy is recorded by Ezekiel as having been received on Yom Kippur of the year 3372 of the Hebrew calendar.

Holy of Holies

Kodesh HakodashimMost Holy Placeinner sanctuary
The Holy of Holies in the third temple must be on exactly the same spot as it was in the two previous temples.
Traditional Judaism regards the location where the inner sanctuary was originally located, on the Temple Mount in Mount Moriah, as retaining some or all of its original sanctity for use in a future Third Temple.

Second Temple

TempleHerod's TempleJewish Temple
Architectural plans for Ezekiel's Temple exist in Chapters 40–47 of the Book of Ezekiel, which predates the Second Temple. The Third Temple (בית המקדש השלישי, Beit haMikdash haShlishi, literally: The House, the Holy, the Third) would be the third Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, after Solomon's Temple and the rebuilt Second Temple.
Jewish eschatology includes a belief that the Second Temple will be replaced by a future Third Temple.

Antichrist

Anti-Christanti-messiahantichrists
Irenaeus and Hippolytus were among early church writers who foresaw a rebuilding of the Temple, as necessary for the preparation for the reign of the Antichrist.
170 – c. 236) held that the Antichrist would come from the tribe of Dan and would rebuild the Jewish temple on the Temple Mount in order to reign from it.

TempleOS

HolyCTerrance A. DavisTerry A. Davis
TempleOS (formerly J Operating System, SparrowOS and LoseThos) is a biblical-themed lightweight operating system designed to be the Third Temple prophesied in the Bible.

Dome of the Rock

golden dome of Jerusalemgreat domeMasjid Sakhra
The most immediate and obvious obstacle to realization of these goals is the fact that two historic Islamic structures which are 13 centuries old, namely the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, are built on top of the Temple Mount.
The Temple Institute wishes to relocate the Dome to another site and replace it with a Third Temple.