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United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceindependenceAmerican Declaration of Independence
They declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
The Declaration announced that the Thirteen Colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain would regard themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule.

British America

American coloniesEnglish AmericaAmerica
They were part of Britain's possessions in the New World, which also included colonies in Canada, the Caribbean, and the Floridas.
The American colonies were formally known as British America and the British West Indies before 1776, when the Thirteen Colonies declared their independence in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and formed the United States of America.

American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican RevolutionAmerican War of Independence
This population included people subject to a system of slavery, which was legal in all of the colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War.
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies (allied with France) which declared independence as the United States of America.

American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
Grievances with the British government led to the American Revolution, in which the colonies collaborated in forming the Continental Congress. The Thirteen Colonies were complete with the establishment of the Province of Georgia in 1732, although the term "Thirteen Colonies" became current only in the context of the American Revolution.
The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America.

Continental Congress

CongressContinental Congressman from DelawareDelegate to the Continental Congress
Grievances with the British government led to the American Revolution, in which the colonies collaborated in forming the Continental Congress.
The Continental Congress, also known as the Philadelphia Congress, was a convention of delegates called together from the Thirteen Colonies.

No taxation without representation

taxation without representationwithout representationa lack of colonial representation
These inter-colonial activities cultivated a sense of shared American identity and led to calls for protection of the colonists' "Rights as Englishmen", especially the principle of "no taxation without representation".
"No taxation without representation" is a slogan originating during the 1700s that summarized a primary grievance of the American colonists in the Thirteen Colonies, which was one of the major causes of the American Revolution.

Slavery in the colonial United States

slavesslaveslavery
This population included people subject to a system of slavery, which was legal in all of the colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War.
Most slaves who were brought or kidnapped to the Thirteen British colonies — the Eastern seaboard of what later became the United States — were imported from the Caribbean, not directly from Africa.

Rights of Englishmen

rights as Englishmensuch rightsEnglish liberties
These inter-colonial activities cultivated a sense of shared American identity and led to calls for protection of the colonists' "Rights as Englishmen", especially the principle of "no taxation without representation".
In the 18th century, some of the colonists who objected to British rule in the British colonies in North America argued that their traditional rights as Englishmen were being violated.

Province of Massachusetts Bay

MassachusettsMassachusetts Baycolonial Massachusetts
Province of Massachusetts Bay, established in the 1620s, a crown colony 1692
The Province of Massachusetts Bay was a crown colony in British North America and one of the thirteen original states of the United States from 1776.

Province of Georgia

Georgiacolony of GeorgiaGeorgia Colony
The Thirteen Colonies were complete with the establishment of the Province of Georgia in 1732, although the term "Thirteen Colonies" became current only in the context of the American Revolution.
It was the last of the thirteen original American colonies established by Great Britain in what later became the United States.

Province of New York

New Yorkcolony of New Yorkcolonial New York
Province of New York, proprietary colony 1664–1685, crown colony from 1686
As one of the Thirteen Colonies, New York achieved independence and worked with the others to found the United States.

Province of New Hampshire

New HampshireNew-HampshireVice-Admiral New Hampshire
Province of New Hampshire, established in the 1620s, chartered as crown colony in 1679
In 1776 the province established an independent state and government, the State of New Hampshire, and joined with twelve other colonies to form the United States.

Province of Maryland

MarylandMaryland colonycolonial Maryland
Province of Maryland, a proprietary colony established 1632
The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland.

Colony of Virginia

Virginiacolonial VirginiaVirginia Colony
The London Company established the Colony and Dominion of Virginia in 1607, the first permanently settled English colony on the continent.
After declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1775, before the Declaration of Independence was officially adopted, the Virginia colony became the Commonwealth of Virginia, one of the original thirteen states of the United States, adopting as its official slogan "The Old Dominion".

Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations

Rhode IslandColony of Rhode IslandRhode Island Colony
Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, established 1636, chartered as crown colony in 1663
The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one of the original Thirteen Colonies established on the east coast of North America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.

Proprietary colony

ProprietorsProprietaryproprietary colonies
Province of New York, proprietary colony 1664–1685, crown colony from 1686
The British America colonies before the American Revolution consisted of thirteen colonies that became states of the United States of America.

Anne Hutchinson

Anne (Marbury) HutchinsonAnne Marbury HutchinsonAnne
In 1637, a second group including Anne Hutchinson established a second settlement on Aquidneck Island, also known as Rhode Island.
Hutchinson is a key figure in the history of religious freedom in England's American colonies and the history of women in ministry, challenging the authority of the ministers.

Georgia (U.S. state)

GeorgiaGAState of Georgia
Oglethorpe and other English philanthropists secured a royal charter as the Trustees of the colony of Georgia on June 9, 1732.
It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established.

First Great Awakening

Great Awakeningevangelical awakeningFirst
In the 1740s, the Thirteen Colonies underwent the First Great Awakening.
The First Great Awakening (sometimes Great Awakening) or the Evangelical Revival was a series of Christian revivals that swept Britain and its Thirteen Colonies between the 1730s and 1740s.

Albany Congress

Albany ConferenceAlbany ConventionAlbany Purchase of 1754
At the 1754 Albany Congress, Pennsylvania colonist Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan which would have created a unified government of the Thirteen Colonies for coordination of defense and other matters, but the plan was rejected by the leaders of most colonies.
The Albany Congress (also known as "The Conference of Albany") was a meeting of representatives sent by the legislatures of seven of the thirteen British colonies in British America: Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.

History of the Connecticut Constitution

Connecticut's Royal Charter of 1662Connecticut Chartera new constitution
Connecticut Colony, established 1636, chartered as crown colony in 1662
Eleven of the thirteen colonies had drafted state constitutions by 1786, but Connecticut elected to continue operation under the Charter.

Benjamin Franklin

FranklinBen FranklinFranklin, Benjamin
At the 1754 Albany Congress, Pennsylvania colonist Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan which would have created a unified government of the Thirteen Colonies for coordination of defense and other matters, but the plan was rejected by the leaders of most colonies.
Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity, initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies.

Albany Plan

Plan of Unionconfederation
At the 1754 Albany Congress, Pennsylvania colonist Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan which would have created a unified government of the Thirteen Colonies for coordination of defense and other matters, but the plan was rejected by the leaders of most colonies.
The Albany Plan of Union was a plan to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader (age 48) and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress on July 10, 1754 in Albany, New York.

Sons of Liberty

Son of LibertyAmerican modelBoston Whigs
Trouble escalated over the tea tax, as Americans in each colony boycotted the tea, and those in Boston dumped the tea in the harbor during the Boston Tea Party in 1773 when the Sons of Liberty dumped thousands of pounds of tea into the water.
The Sons of Liberty was a secret organization that was created in the Thirteen American Colonies to advance the rights of the European colonists and to fight taxation by the British government.

First Continental Congress

FirstContinental Congress1st Continental Congress
Colonists elected delegates to the First Continental Congress which convened in Philadelphia in September 1774.
The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the Thirteen Colonies who met from September 5 to October 26, 1774, at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution.