Thirty Years' War
Largely waged within the Holy Roman Empire from 1618 to 1648.- Thirty Years' War
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Treaty between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the Schmalkaldic League, signed in September 1555 at the imperial city of Augsburg.
The system, created on the basis of the Augsburg Peace, collapsed at the beginning of the 17th century, which was one of the reasons for the Thirty Years' War.
King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and is credited for the rise of Sweden as a great European power (Stormaktstiden).
During his reign, Sweden became one of the primary military forces in Europe during the Thirty Years' War, helping to determine the political and religious balance of power in Europe.
King of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 until his death in 1648.
He engaged Denmark in numerous wars, most notably the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), which devastated much of Germany, undermined the Danish economy, and cost Denmark some of its conquered territories.
Collective name for two peace treaties signed in October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster.
They ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) and Eighty Years' War (1568–1648), and brought peace to the Holy Roman Empire, closing a calamitous period of European history that killed approximately eight million people.
From 1621 Archduke of Austria, King of Hungary from 1625, King of Croatia and Bohemia from 1627 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1637 until his death in 1657.
Ferdinand ascended the throne at the beginning of the last decade of the Thirty Years' War and introduced lenient policies to depart from old ideas of divine rights under his father, as he had wished to end the war quickly.
The Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and reigned as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620.
In 1618 the largely Protestant Czech nobility of Bohemia rebelled against their Catholic King Ferdinand, triggering the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War.
European great power that exercised territorial control over much of the Baltic region during the 17th and early 18th centuries .
After the victories in the Thirty Years' War, Sweden reached the climax of the great-power era during the Second Northern War, when its primary adversary, Denmark–Norway, was neutralized by the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 (this is when the Swedish empire was at its largest extent).
The Bohemian Revolt (Böhmischer Aufstand; České stavovské povstání; 1618–1620) was an uprising of the Bohemian estates against the rule of the Habsburg dynasty that began the Thirty Years' War.
Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia from 1619 until his death in 1637.
The Thirty Years' War began in 1618 as a result of inadequacies of his predecessors Rudolf II and Matthias.
The Peace of Prague (, Prager Frieden), signed on 30 May 1635, ended Saxony's participation in the Thirty Years War.