Thomas, Lord of Coucy

Thomas de MarleThomasThomas of MarleThomas, Lord of Marle and La Fère and Count of Amien
Thomas of Marle, Lord of Coucy and Boves, was born in 1073 to Enguerrand I of Boves, the Lord of Coucy and his wife Adele of Marle.wikipedia
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Lords of Coucy

Lord of CoucyCoucySire de Coucy
Thomas of Marle, Lord of Coucy and Boves, was born in 1073 to Enguerrand I of Boves, the Lord of Coucy and his wife Adele of Marle.

Louis VI of France

Louis VIKing Louis VILouis VI the Fat
As the best-known of the Lords of Coucy, Thomas of Marle would become infamous for his aggressive and brutal tactics in war and his continued rebellion against the authority of Louis VI.
Some of the outlaws became notorious for their cruelty, the most notable being Thomas, Lord of Coucy, who was reputed to indulge in torture of his victims, including hanging men by their testicles, cutting out eyes, and chopping off feet.

Enguerrand I de Coucy

Enguerrand I, Lord of CoucyEnguerrand IEnguerran of Boves
Thomas of Marle, Lord of Coucy and Boves, was born in 1073 to Enguerrand I of Boves, the Lord of Coucy and his wife Adele of Marle.
Adèle's son Thomas de Marle hated his father and joined the enemies against his father.

Emicho

Count EmichoEmicho, Count of FlonheimEmicho of Leiningen
After the famous summons to crusade by Pope Urban II in 1095, Thomas and his father Enguerrand rode out with members of their house to participate in the First Crusade as part of the army of Emicho.
The army included nobleman and knights such as the Drogo of Nesle, Hartmann I, Count of Dillingen-Kyburg, Thomas, Lord of Marle and La Fère and Count of Amien, and William the Carpenter, Viscount of Milun,.

List of principal leaders of the Crusades

List of principal CrusadersCrusader KingCrusader Kings
* List of principal Crusaders

Enguerrand II de Coucy

Enguerrand IIEnguerrand II, Lord of Coucy
Thomas’ first born son, Enguerrand II, became the next Lord of Coucy and their remaining lands.
Unlike his father, the brigand-lord Thomas de Marle, Enguerrand II peacefully administered his lands, building a chapel in his castle (the chapel's foundations survive as some of the oldest remains in Coucy).

Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut

Baldwin IIBaldwin II of HainautBaldwin
When Thomas returned home from the Crusades and he married his first wife Ida of Hainaut, the daughter of Baldwin II, Count of Hainaut, in 1102 at the age of 29.

Knight

knighthoodknightedknights
As the first born heir, Thomas would have been educated in the affairs of nobility which would have included the skills and virtues of a knight.

Chivalry

chivalricchivalrouschivalric code
Chivalry was nurtured in France and was used to influence and control the behavior of knights and nobility.

Ethos

characteretheacharacter as a people
It was used as a sustaining ethos of warrior groups who were identified on one hand by their martial skill as horsemen and by a combination of pride in ancestry, status, and traditions of service.

Crusades

crusadeCrusadersCrusader
After the famous summons to crusade by Pope Urban II in 1095, Thomas and his father Enguerrand rode out with members of their house to participate in the First Crusade as part of the army of Emicho.

Pope Urban II

Urban IIPope UrbanOdo I de Lagery
After the famous summons to crusade by Pope Urban II in 1095, Thomas and his father Enguerrand rode out with members of their house to participate in the First Crusade as part of the army of Emicho.

First Crusade

CrusadersFirstCrusader
After the famous summons to crusade by Pope Urban II in 1095, Thomas and his father Enguerrand rode out with members of their house to participate in the First Crusade as part of the army of Emicho.

Banner

bannersheraldic bannerRoyal Banner
Moving quickly, the men of Coucy shredded their cloaks trimmed with squirrel fur (vair) into six pieces to use as banners for recognition and managed to defeat their attackers.

Variation of the field

barrygyronnysemy
The sources are unclear on whether it was Thomas or Enguerrand who created the makeshift banners but this event was commemorated permanently in their coat-of-arms which shows "barry of six, vair and gules".

Vair

countervairpotent
The sources are unclear on whether it was Thomas or Enguerrand who created the makeshift banners but this event was commemorated permanently in their coat-of-arms which shows "barry of six, vair and gules".

Gules

redgules (red)red field
The sources are unclear on whether it was Thomas or Enguerrand who created the makeshift banners but this event was commemorated permanently in their coat-of-arms which shows "barry of six, vair and gules".

Palisade

palepallisadepalisades
According to Suger, Enguerrand was an honorable man and made more effort than anyone to drive Thomas from his castle ‘because of his seditious tyranny.’ With Enguerrand's support, several barons attempted to enclose Thomas into his castle with a palisade and starve him into submission.

Abbot

abbotsArchabbotabbacy
Abbot Suger of St. Denis' chronicles of the reign of Louis VI "the Fat" recorded his king constantly marching across his kingdom to bring his unruly lords and barons to heel.

Suger

Abbot SugerAbbe SugerAbbé Suger
Abbot Suger of St. Denis' chronicles of the reign of Louis VI "the Fat" recorded his king constantly marching across his kingdom to bring his unruly lords and barons to heel.

Chronicle

chroniclerchroniclersverse chronicle
Abbot Suger of St. Denis' chronicles of the reign of Louis VI "the Fat" recorded his king constantly marching across his kingdom to bring his unruly lords and barons to heel.

Laon

Laon, FranceBibraxCount of Laon
While Louis VI had been busy waging war against his enemies in England and his nobility within his kingdom, Thomas of Marle took advantage of the distraction and began waging war in the lands of Laon, Rheims, and Amiens, devouring them "like a raging wolf."

Reims

RheimsReims, FranceDurocortorum
While Louis VI had been busy waging war against his enemies in England and his nobility within his kingdom, Thomas of Marle took advantage of the distraction and began waging war in the lands of Laon, Rheims, and Amiens, devouring them "like a raging wolf."

Amiens

Amiens International Film FestivalAmiens, FranceSamarobriva
While Louis VI had been busy waging war against his enemies in England and his nobility within his kingdom, Thomas of Marle took advantage of the distraction and began waging war in the lands of Laon, Rheims, and Amiens, devouring them "like a raging wolf."

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
Although he supported the Catholic Church, Enguerrand I and the previous lords of Coucy were known to participate in a number of local wars in order to gain land and resources.