Thomas A. Constantine

Tom Constantine addressing an audience at the DEA 25th anniversary luncheon, 1998

Thomas A. Constantine (December 23, 1938 – May 3, 2015) served as Administrator for the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) between March 1994 and July 1999.

- Thomas A. Constantine

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DEA Purple Heart Award

Award given by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration to honor individuals who had lost their lives or been seriously injured enforcing the drug laws of the United States.

This was a result of the Hispanic Advisory Committee to then DEA Administrator Thomas A. Constantine suggesting the creation of an award to honor the “thousands of men and women sworn to enforce the drug laws of the United States who deserve the full benefit of our recognition of the inherent dangers of our profession”.

Office of the Oversight Commissioner (Northern Ireland)

Required to prepare a statement of accounts for each financial year in the form and on the basis directed by the Secretary of State, with the approval of HM Treasury, under paragraph 9 of Schedule 4 to the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 2000.

The traditional counties of Northern Ireland

On 31 May 2000 Tom Constantine was appointed as the first Oversight Commissioner by the Secretary of State.

Gonzales v. Oregon

Landmark decision of the US Supreme Court which ruled that the United States Attorney General cannot enforce the federal Controlled Substances Act against physicians who prescribed drugs, in compliance with Oregon state law, to terminally ill patients seeking to end their lives, commonly referred to as assisted suicide.

Members of Congress next sought to have the federal government prosecute physicians obeying the new Oregon law, and DEA Administrator Thomas A. Constantine told them that he had authority to do so under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

Operation Snowcap

Counter-narcotics operation conducted by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), BORTAC (U.S. Border Patrol Tactical Unit) and military/police forces in nine Latin American countries.

Colin Powell, then the US Secretary of State, visiting Colombia in the early 2000s as part of the United States' support of Plan Colombia

This crash, plus a new focus in the Andean counter-narcotics strategy by the newly inaugurated Clinton administration (supported by Congress), and reduced funding by the new DEA administration of Thomas A. Constantine, eventually led to the end of Operation Snowcap that same year.

Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act

In the United States, the removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, the most tightly restricted category reserved for drugs that have "no currently accepted medical use,” has been proposed repeatedly since 1972.

The U.S. Government argues that human studies are more relevant than studies showing animals do not self-administer cannabis.
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs requires governments to regulate cannabis cultivation, but does not ban medical use.

"Each of the doctors testifying on behalf of NORML claimed that his opinion was based on scientific studies, yet with one exception, none could identify, under oath, the scientific studies they relied on," DEA Administrator Thomas A. Constantine remarked in 1995.

Deaths in May 2015

List of notable deaths in May 2015.

Theatrical release poster

Thomas A. Constantine, 76, American police superintendent, Administrator for the Drug Enforcement Administration (1994–1999).

Constantine (name)

Masculine and feminine (in French for example) given name and surname which is derived from the Latin name Constantinus, a hypocoristic of the first names Constans and Constantius, both meaning "constant, steadfast" in Latin.

statue of Constantine I in York.

Thomas A. Constantine, American administrator to the DEA

Cali Cartel

Drug cartel based in southern Colombia, around the city of Cali and the Valle del Cauca Department.

Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela
Cali Cartel money laundering chart
José Santacruz Londoño
One plan included the use of a privately owned A-37 jet to bomb the prison holding Escobar.
Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela being escorted by DEA and ICE agents

The Cali Cartel eventually became "The biggest, most powerful crime syndicate we've ever known", according to then DEA chief Thomas Constantine.