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Pyridine

pyridylpyridinesGattermann–Skita synthesis
In 1868 he discovered pyridine and related organic compounds such as picoline through studies on the distillation of bone oil and other animal matter.
Impure pyridine was undoubtedly prepared by early alchemists by heating animal bones and other organic matter, but the earliest documented reference is attributed to the Scottish scientist Thomas Anderson.

Picoline

methylpyridine4-picolinepicolines
In 1868 he discovered pyridine and related organic compounds such as picoline through studies on the distillation of bone oil and other animal matter.
In 1849, the Scottish chemist Thomas Anderson (1819 – 1874) prepared picoline in pure form, from coal tar and via the pyrolysis of bones.

Royal Medal

RoyalRoyal Society Royal MedalQueen's Medal
In 1872, Anderson was awarded a Royal Medal from the Royal Society "for his investigations on the organic bases of Dippells animal oil; on codeine; on the crystallized constituents of opium; on piperin and on papaverin; and for his researches in physiological and animal chemistry."

Regius Professor of Chemistry (Glasgow)

Regius Professor of ChemistryChemistry
In 1852, he was appointed Regius Professor of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow and remained in that post for the rest of his career.
He was succeeded by Thomas Anderson, who assisted Joseph Lister, Regius Professor of Surgery, with his work on antisepsis, and who discovered pyridine.

John Ferguson (chemist)

John FergusonFerguson, John
His chair was filled by John Ferguson.
In 1874 Ferguson was appointed the Regius Professor of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow, in place of Prof Thomas Anderson.

Alkaloid

alkaloidspurine alkaloidalkaloid biosynthesis
In 1853 his work on alkaloids led him to discover the correct structure for codeine.

Codeine

codeine phosphatecodeine hydrochlorideCod'ine
In 1853 his work on alkaloids led him to discover the correct structure for codeine.

Distillation

distillerydistilleddistilling
In 1868 he discovered pyridine and related organic compounds such as picoline through studies on the distillation of bone oil and other animal matter.

Dippel's oil

bone oil
In 1868 he discovered pyridine and related organic compounds such as picoline through studies on the distillation of bone oil and other animal matter.

Organic chemistry

organicorganic chemistorganic chemical
As well as his work on organic chemistry, Anderson made important contributions to agricultural chemistry, writing over 130 reports on soils, fertilisers and plant diseases.

Agricultural chemistry

agricultural chemistAgrochemistryagchem
As well as his work on organic chemistry, Anderson made important contributions to agricultural chemistry, writing over 130 reports on soils, fertilisers and plant diseases.

Joseph Lister

Joseph Lister, 1st Baron ListerListerLord Lister
He kept abreast of all areas of science, and was able to advise his colleague Joseph Lister on Pasteur's germ theory and the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic.

Louis Pasteur

PasteurPasteur, LouisPasteurian
He kept abreast of all areas of science, and was able to advise his colleague Joseph Lister on Pasteur's germ theory and the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic.

Phenol

carbolic acidphenoxidephenolate
He kept abreast of all areas of science, and was able to advise his colleague Joseph Lister on Pasteur's germ theory and the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic.

Antiseptic

antisepsisantisepticsgermicide
He kept abreast of all areas of science, and was able to advise his colleague Joseph Lister on Pasteur's germ theory and the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic.

Leith

North LeithLeith DocksLeith, Scotland
Born in Leith, Thomas Anderson graduated from the University of Edinburgh with a medical doctorate in 1841.

University of Edinburgh

Edinburgh UniversityEdinburghThe University of Edinburgh
Born in Leith, Thomas Anderson graduated from the University of Edinburgh with a medical doctorate in 1841.

Jöns Jacob Berzelius

Jöns Jakob BerzeliusBerzeliusJacob Berzelius
Having developed an interest in chemistry during his medical studies, he then spent several years studying chemistry on European continent including spells under Jöns Jakob Berzelius in Sweden and Justus von Liebig in Germany.

Justus von Liebig

Justus LiebigLiebigJustus Freiherr von Liebig
Having developed an interest in chemistry during his medical studies, he then spent several years studying chemistry on European continent including spells under Jöns Jakob Berzelius in Sweden and Justus von Liebig in Germany.

Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland

Highland SocietyHighland Society of ScotlandHighland and Agricultural Society of Scotland
Returning to Edinburgh, he worked at the University of Edinburgh and at the Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland.

University of Glasgow

Glasgow UniversityGlasgowGlasgow College
In 1852, he was appointed Regius Professor of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow and remained in that post for the rest of his career.

Royal Society

FRSRoyal Society of LondonThe Royal Society
In 1872, Anderson was awarded a Royal Medal from the Royal Society "for his investigations on the organic bases of Dippells animal oil; on codeine; on the crystallized constituents of opium; on piperin and on papaverin; and for his researches in physiological and animal chemistry."

Syphilis

syphilitictertiary syphilissecondary syphilis
His later years were marred by a progressive neurological disease which may have been syphilis.

Chiswick

Chiswick, LondonChiswick (St Nicholas)Chiswick Bus Works
He resigned his chair in early 1874, and died later that year in Chiswick.