Thomas Edison

EdisonThomas Alva EdisonThomas A. EdisonEdison, ThomasEdison LaboratoriesMina Miller EdisonAmerican inventor and businessman of the same nameBoston EdisonEdison BellEdison Company
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor.wikipedia
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Phonograph

turntablesgramophoneturntable
These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world.
The phonograph was invented in 1877 by Thomas Edison.

List of prolific inventors

prolific inventorprolific inventorsinventor
He was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as patents in other countries.
Thomas Alva Edison was widely known as the America's most prolific inventor, even after his death in 1931.

Fort Myers, Florida

Fort MyersFt. MyersFort Myers, FL
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.
The winter estates of Thomas Edison ("Seminole Lodge") and Henry Ford ("The Mangoes") are major attractions.

Edison's Black Maria

Black MariaBlack Maria StudioBlack Mariah
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.

List of Edison patents

Edison patentsetc.granted 1,093 patents
He was a prolific inventor, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as patents in other countries.
Below is a list of Edison patents. Thomas Edison was an inventor who accumulated 2,332 patents worldwide for his inventions.

Electricity generation

power generationelectricitygeneration
He is credited with developing many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures.
In 1870, the mechanical production of electric power began the Second Industrial Revolution and created inventions using the energy, whose major contributors were Thomas Alva Edison and Nikola Tesla.

Film studio

movie studiostudiofilm studios
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.
In 1893, Thomas Edison built the first movie studio in the United States when he constructed the Black Maria, a tarpaper-covered structure near his laboratories in West Orange, New Jersey, and asked circus, vaudeville, and dramatic actors to perform for the camera.

West Orange, New Jersey

West OrangeWest Orange TownshipWest Orange, NJ
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.
Thomas Edison was one of the many residents.

Incandescent light bulb

incandescent lampfilamentincandescent
These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world. He assisted in experiments on the telephone, phonograph, electric railway, iron ore separator, electric lighting, and other developing inventions.
In addressing the question of who invented the incandescent lamp, historians Robert Friedel and Paul Israel list 22 inventors of incandescent lamps prior to Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison.

Henry Ford

FordFord, HenryHenry
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.
Also in 1896, Ford attended a meeting of Edison executives, where he was introduced to Thomas Edison.

Milan, Ohio

MilanMilan, OHOH
Thomas Edison was born, in 1847, in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan.
It is best known as the birthplace of Thomas Edison.

Port Huron, Michigan

Port HuronPort Huron, MIBlack River
Thomas Edison was born, in 1847, in Milan, Ohio, and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan.
Grand Trunk Railway Depot. The depot, which is now part of the Port Huron Museum, is where 12-year-old Thomas Edison departed daily on the Port Huron – Detroit run. In 1859, the railroad's first year of operation, Edison convinced the railroad company to let him sell newspapers and confections on the daily trips. He became so successful that he soon placed two newsboys on other Grand Trunks running to Detroit. He made enough money to support himself and to buy chemicals and other experimental materials.

Sound recording and reproduction

recordingrecordedrecordings
He is credited with developing many devices in fields such as electric power generation, mass communication, sound recording, and motion pictures.
The first practical sound recording and reproduction device was the mechanical phonograph cylinder, invented by Thomas Edison in 1877 and patented in 1878.

Edison, New Jersey

EdisonEdison TownshipMenlo Park
It was built in Menlo Park, a part of Raritan Township (now named Edison Township in his honor) in Middlesex County, New Jersey, with the funds from the sale of Edison's quadruplex telegraph.
The name was officially changed to Edison Township on November 10, 1954, in honor of inventor Thomas Edison, who had his main laboratory in the Menlo Park section of the township.

Edison Ore-Milling Company

iron ore separator
He assisted in experiments on the telephone, phonograph, electric railway, iron ore separator, electric lighting, and other developing inventions.
The Edison Ore-Milling Company was a venture by Thomas Edison that began in 1881.

Cooper Union

The Cooper UnionCooper Union School of ArtThe Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
Much of his education came from reading R.G. Parker's School of Natural Philosophy and The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art.
A daytime engineering college was added in 1902, thanks to funds contributed by Andrew Carnegie Initial board members included Daniel F. Tiemann, John E. Parsons, Horace Greeley and William Cullen Bryant, and those who availed themselves of the institute's courses in its early days included Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Thomas Alva Edison and William Francis Deegan.

Menlo Park, New Jersey

Menlo ParkEdison LaboratoryMenlo
It was built in Menlo Park, a part of Raritan Township (now named Edison Township in his honor) in Middlesex County, New Jersey, with the funds from the sale of Edison's quadruplex telegraph. In 1876, he established his first laboratory facility in Menlo Park, New Jersey, where many of his early inventions would be developed.
In 1876, Thomas Edison set up his home and research laboratory in Menlo Park, which at the time was the site of an unsuccessful real estate development named after the town of Menlo Park, California.

Hammer Historical Collection of Incandescent Electric Lamps

Historic Collection of Incandescent Electric Lamps
However, Hammer worked primarily on the incandescent electric lamp and was put in charge of tests and records on that device (see Hammer Historical Collection of Incandescent Electric Lamps).
It shows the technology development of the filament electric light bulb during Thomas Edison's lifetime.

Movie camera

motion picture cameracamerafilm cameras
These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb, had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world.
William Kennedy Laurie Dickson, a Scottish inventor and employee of Thomas Edison, designed the Kinetograph Camera in 1891.

Francis Robbins Upton

Upton, Francis Robbins
In his first year, the plant under General Manager Francis Robbins Upton turned out 50,000 lamps.
Upton worked alongside Thomas Edison in the development of incandescent light bulbs, electric generators, and electric power distribution.

William Joseph Hammer

William Hammer
William Joseph Hammer, a consulting electrical engineer, started working for Edison and began his duties as a laboratory assistant in December 1879.
He became a laboratory assistant to Thomas Edison in December 1879, and assisted in the development of the incandescent light bulb.

Charles Sumner Tainter

[Charles Sumner] TainterCharles TainterSumner Tainter
Although Edison obtained a patent for the phonograph in 1878, he did little to develop it until Alexander Graham Bell, Chichester Bell, and Charles Tainter produced a phonograph-like device in the 1880s that used wax-coated cardboard cylinders.
Charles Sumner Tainter (April 25, 1854 – April 20, 1940) was an American scientific instrument maker, engineer and inventor, best known for his collaborations with Alexander Graham Bell, Chichester Bell, Alexander's father-in-law Gardiner Hubbard, and for his significant improvements to Thomas Edison's phonograph, resulting in the Graphophone, one version of which was the first Dictaphone.

Spencer Trask

SpencerMr. Spencer A. TraskSpencer and Katrina Trask
In 1878, Edison formed the Edison Electric Light Company in New York City with several financiers, including J. P. Morgan, Spencer Trask, and the members of the Vanderbilt family.
Beginning in the 1870s, Trask began investing and supporting entrepreneurs, including Thomas Edison's invention of the electric light bulb and his electricity network.

General Electric

GEGeneral Electric CompanyGeneral Electric Co.
In 1878, Edison formed the Edison Electric Light Company in New York City with several financiers, including J. P. Morgan, Spencer Trask, and the members of the Vanderbilt family. These talents eventually led him to found 14 companies, including General Electric, still one of the largest publicly traded companies in the world.
During 1889, Thomas Edison had business interests in many electricity-related companies including Edison Lamp Company, a lamp manufacturer in East Newark, New Jersey; Edison Machine Works, a manufacturer of dynamos and large electric motors in Schenectady, New York; Bergmann & Company, a manufacturer of electric lighting fixtures, sockets, and other electric lighting devices; and Edison Electric Light Company, the patent-holding company and the financial arm backed by J.P. Morgan and the Vanderbilt family for Edison's lighting experiments.

Microphone

microphonescondenser microphonedynamic microphone
In 1876, Edison began work to improve the microphone for telephones (at that time called a "transmitter") by developing a carbon microphone, which consists of two metal plates separated by granules of carbon that would change resistance with the pressure of sound waves.
This was independently developed by David Edward Hughes in England and Emile Berliner and Thomas Edison in the US. Although Edison was awarded the first patent (after a long legal dispute) in mid-1877, Hughes had demonstrated his working device in front of many witnesses some years earlier, and most historians credit him with its invention.