Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote

Thomas InskipSir Thomas InskipThe Viscount CaldecoteLord CaldecoteViscount Caldecote The Right Honourable Thomas Inskip 1st '''Viscount Caldecote(Viscount Caldecote)InskipInskip AwardSir '''Thomas Inskip
Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940.wikipedia
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James Inskip

The Right Reverend James Inskip was his elder half-brother and Sir John Hampden Inskip, Lord Mayor of Bristol, his younger brother.
Lord Chancellor Thomas Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote and Sir John Inskip, Lord Mayor of Bristol, were his younger half-brothers.

Minister for Co-ordination of Defence

Minister for Coordination of Defence
Despite legal posts dominating his career for all but four years, he is most prominently remembered for serving as Minister for Coordination of Defence from 1936 until 1939.
Despite this, Baldwin's choice of the Attorney General Sir Thomas Inskip provoked widespread astonishment.

Bristol Central (UK Parliament constituency)

Bristol CentralBristol Central BCBristol
In 1918 he entered Parliament as Member of Parliament (MP) for Bristol Central.

Solicitor General for England and Wales

Solicitor GeneralSolicitor-GeneralSolicitor-General for England and Wales
He was first appointed Solicitor General in 1922 and would hold this post for the next six years, with one short interruption for the Labour government of 1924.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
Winston Churchill had long campaigned for such an office and when its creation was announced, most expected Churchill to be appointed.
But within weeks Churchill was passed over for the post of Minister for Co-ordination of Defence in favour of Attorney General Sir Thomas Inskip.

Fareham (UK Parliament constituency)

FarehamFareham CCFareham BC
When Ramsay MacDonald formed his National Government in 1931, Inskip, who had been elected in a by-election for Fareham in February that year, returned to the role of Solicitor General but the following year a vacancy occurred and he once more resumed his work as Attorney General.

Attorney General for England and Wales

Attorney GeneralAttorney-GeneralAttorney-General for England and Wales
In 1928 Inskip was promoted to Attorney General, which post he held until the Conservative government fell in 1929.

Guilty Men

Inskip was referred to in the book "Guilty Men" by Michael Foot, Frank Owen and Peter Howard (writing under the pseudonym 'Cato'), published in 1940 as an attack on public figures for their failure to re-arm and their appeasement of Nazi Germany.

Secretary of State for Defence

Defence SecretaryMinister of DefenceSec. of State
Despite this, Baldwin's choice of the Attorney General Sir Thomas Inskip provoked widespread astonishment.

Rayner Goddard, Baron Goddard

Lord GoddardRayner GoddardThe Lord Goddard
Viscount Caldecote, the Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, suffered a stroke in 1945 and suddenly resigned, creating a vacancy at an inopportune moment.

Ernle Chatfield, 1st Baron Chatfield

Ernle ChatfieldLord ChatfieldAlfred Ernle Montacute Chatfield
In early 1939 he was replaced by the former First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Lord Chatfield, and moved to become Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs.
Having been appointed to the Order of Merit in the 1939 New Year Honours, in February Chatfield succeeded Sir Thomas Inskip as Minister for Coordination of Defence in the government of Neville Chamberlain, despite having a non-political background.

Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs

Dominions OfficeDominions SecretaryDominion Office
In early 1939 he was replaced by the former First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Lord Chatfield, and moved to become Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs. At the outbreak of war in 1939 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Caldecote, of Bristol in the County of Gloucester, and made Lord Chancellor, but in May 1940 he once more became Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs to make room for the marginalising of Sir John Simon in the new government of Churchill.

Stanley Baldwin

BaldwinStanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of BewdleySir Stanley Baldwin
John Gunther, who described Inskip in 1940 as "the sixty-three-year-old man of mystery", reported the "cruel story" that Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin wanted to appoint someone "'even less brilliant than himself'".

David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow

The Earl of GlasgowLord GlasgowDavid Boyle
Lord Caldecote married Lady Augusta Helen Elizabeth, daughter of David Boyle, 7th Earl of Glasgow and widow of Charles Lindsay Orr-Ewing, in 1914.

Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales

Lord Chief JusticeChief Justice of the King's BenchLord Chief Justice of England
After leaving ministerial office he served as Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales from 1940 until 1946.

John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

Sir John SimonJohn SimonViscount Simon
At the outbreak of war in 1939 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Caldecote, of Bristol in the County of Gloucester, and made Lord Chancellor, but in May 1940 he once more became Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs to make room for the marginalising of Sir John Simon in the new government of Churchill.

Edward VIII

King Edward VIIIPrince of WalesEdward, Prince of Wales
Lord Caldecote wrote a warning to Winston Churchill, who was now prime minister: "[the Duke] is well-known to be pro-Nazi and he may become a centre of intrigue."

Frederic Maugham, 1st Viscount Maugham

Lord MaughamViscount MaughamFrederic Maugham
He was offered the role because there were very few obvious available choices amongst the ranks of parliamentary supporters of the National Government to replace the ailing Lord Hailsham—for the obvious successor, Sir Thomas Inskip, could not be moved from the position of Minister for Coordination of Defence.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940.

Lord Chancellor

Lord High Chancellor of Great BritainLord Chancellor of EnglandChancellor
At the outbreak of war in 1939 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Caldecote, of Bristol in the County of Gloucester, and made Lord Chancellor, but in May 1940 he once more became Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs to make room for the marginalising of Sir John Simon in the new government of Churchill. Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote, (5 March 1876 – 11 October 1947) was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940.