Thomas J. Watson

Thomas J. Watson, Sr.Thomas J. Watson Sr.Thomas WatsonThomas Watson Sr.his fatherIBM T.J. Watson Research CenterThomas Watson JrThomas Watson SrThomas Watson, SrThomas Watson, Sr.
Thomas John Watson Sr. (February 17, 1874 – June 19, 1956) was an American businessman.wikipedia
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IBM

International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
He served as the chairman and CEO of International Business Machines (IBM).
Thomas J. Watson, Sr., fired from the National Cash Register Company by John Henry Patterson, called on Flint and, in 1914, was offered a position at CTR.

NCR Corporation

NCRNational Cash RegisterNational Cash Register Company
Watson developed IBM's management style and corporate culture from John Henry Patterson's training at NCR.
Other significant figures in the early history of the company were Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Charles F. Kettering and Edward A. Deeds.

John Henry Patterson (NCR owner)

John H. PattersonJohn Henry PattersonJohn Patterson
Watson developed IBM's management style and corporate culture from John Henry Patterson's training at NCR.
Patterson was famous for firing Thomas Watson Sr, who went on to become General Manager, then President, of CTR, later renamed IBM.

Punched card

punched cardspunch cardpunch cards
He turned the company into a highly-effective selling organization, based largely on punched card tabulating machines.
Tom Watson Jr.'s decision to sign this decree, where IBM saw the punched card provisions as the most significant point, completed the transfer of power to him from Thomas Watson, Sr.

Campbell, New York

CampbellEast Campbell, New YorkTown of Campbell
Thomas worked on the family farm in East Campbell, New York and attended the District School Number Five in the late 1870s.
It was the birthplace, in 1869, of Illinois Attorney General Edward J. Brundage and, in 1874, of IBM founder Thomas J. Watson, Sr.

Painted Post, New York

Painted PostPainted Post, NY
His father farmed and owned a modest lumber business located near Painted Post, a few miles west of Elmira, in the Southern Tier region of New York.

IBM and the Holocaust

IBMidentified through IBM-enabled censuses
In 2001, a book called IBM and the Holocaust described how Mr. Watson provided the tabulating equipment Hitler used to round up the Jews.
Flint chose Thomas J. Watson (1874–1956), the star salesman of the National Cash Register Corporation, to head the new operation.

Binghamton University

State University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonSUNY Binghamton
Later it became known as Harpur College, and eventually evolved into Binghamton University.
Thomas J. Watson, a founding member of IBM in Broome County, viewed the Triple Cities region as an area of great potential.

District School Number Five

Thomas worked on the family farm in East Campbell, New York and attended the District School Number Five in the late 1870s.
The schoolhouse is part of the Watson Homestead Conference and Retreat Center, deeded to the Genesee Conference of the Methodist Church by IBM founder Thomas J. Watson, Sr. Watson attended the school as a child.

Arthur K. Watson

Arthur K. Watson HallArthur Kittredge Watson
Watson, Sr.'s youngest son, Arthur K. Watson, also joined the military during the conflict.
His father, Thomas J. Watson, was IBM's founder and oversaw that company's growth into an international force from the 1920s to the 1950s.

Endicott, New York

EndicottEndicott, NYHenry B. Endicott
The IBM plant in the neighboring city of Endicott has since downsized drastically, however.
The formation of what soon became IBM consolidated some of the major companies in the industrial time-keeping business, but its new chief executive, Thomas J. Watson, a businessman who turned out to be just as brilliant as George F. Johnson, realized that data processing had far greater potential than just workers punching a time clock.

Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company

Tabulating Machine CompanyInternational Time Recording CompanyThe Tabulating Machine Company
Charles Ranlett Flint who had engineered the amalgamation (via stock acquisition) forming the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) found it difficult to manage the five companies.
Thomas J. Watson Sr., along with 29 other NCR officials, had been convicted in 1913 of various antitrust violations for their roles in a widespread National Cash Register scheme to run used cash register retailers out of business (see NCR Corporation § Expansion).

Dehomag

an IBM subsidiaryDeutsche Hollerith Maschinen GesellschaftDeutsche Hollerith-Maschinen Gesellschaft mbH
In particular, critics point to the Order of the German Eagle medal that Watson received at the Berlin ICC meeting in 1937, as evidence that he was being honored for the help that IBM's German subsidiary Dehomag (Deutsche Hollerith-Maschinen Gesellschaft mbH) and its punch card machines provided the Nazi regime, particularly in the tabulation of census data (i.e. location of Jews).
Dehomag general manager for Germany, Hermann Rottke, reported to IBM President Thomas J. Watson in New York.

Herman Hollerith

HollerithHollerith, HermanHermann Hollerith
His Hollerith punch-card machines are in the Holocaust Museum today.
Under the presidency of Thomas J. Watson, CTR was renamed International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) in 1924.

Order of the German Eagle

Grand Cross of the German EagleGrand Cross of the Order of the German EagleGrand Cross of the Order of the German Eagle in Gold
In particular, critics point to the Order of the German Eagle medal that Watson received at the Berlin ICC meeting in 1937, as evidence that he was being honored for the help that IBM's German subsidiary Dehomag (Deutsche Hollerith-Maschinen Gesellschaft mbH) and its punch card machines provided the Nazi regime, particularly in the tabulation of census data (i.e. location of Jews).

Watson Foundation

Thomas J. Watson FellowshipWatson FellowsWatson Fellowship
The Watson Foundation is a charitable trust formed 1961 in honor of former chairman and CEO of IBM, Thomas J. Watson.

ThinkPad

IBM ThinkPadLenovo ThinkPadIBM Thinkpad X41
THINK remains a part of IBM's corporate culture; it was the inspiration behind naming IBM's successful line of notebook computers, IBM ThinkPad.
Thomas J. Watson, Sr., had first introduced "THINK" as an IBM slogan in the 1920s.

Watson (computer)

WatsonIBM WatsonWatson computer
Watson was named after IBM's founder and first CEO, industrialist Thomas J. Watson.

Campus of Lafayette College

Pardee HallWatson HallHogg Hall
Additionally, he served as a trustee of Lafayette College and is the namesake of Watson Hall, a campus residence hall.
It was donated by Thomas J. Watson, a prominent American businessman who was a college trustee from 1930-1956.

Thomas J. Watson Research Center

IBM Thomas J. Watson Research CenterIBM T.J. Watson Research CenterIBM Watson Research Center
The center, headquarters of IBM's Research division, is named for both Thomas J. Watson, Sr. and Thomas Watson, Jr., who led IBM as president and CEO respectively from 1915 (when it was known as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company) to 1971.

Think (IBM)

THINKGuide To ThimkingIBM's ''Think'' magazine
"THINK" – Watson began using "THINK" to motivate, or inspire, staff while at NCR and continued to use it at CTR.
The "THINK" slogan was first used by Thomas J. Watson in December, 1911, while managing the sales and advertising departments at the National Cash Register Company.

IBM 701

701
The document says no, but quotes his son and then IBM President Thomas J. Watson, Jr., at the annual IBM stockholders meeting, April 28, 1953, as speaking about the IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine, which it identifies as "the company's first production computer designed for scientific calculations".
Thomas Watson Jr.

Thomas Watson Jr.

Thomas J. Watson, Jr.Thomas Watson, Jr.Thomas J. Watson Jr.
According to Tom Watson, Jr., in his autobiography: One day my dad went into a roadside saloon to celebrate a sale and had too much to drink.
Thomas Watson Jr. was born on January 14, 1914, just before his father was dismissed from his job at NCR.

Elmira College

ElmiraElmira Soaring EaglesSoaring Eagles
Watson was chairman of the Elmira College centennial committee in 1955 and donated Watson Hall, primarily a music and mathematics academic building.