Thomas More

Sir Thomas MoreSt. Thomas MoreSaint Thomas MoreMoreSt Thomas MoreT MorehistLord ChancellorSir '''Thomas MoreThomas Morus
Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535), venerated in the Catholic Church as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist.wikipedia
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Henry VIII of England

Henry VIIIKing Henry VIIIKing Henry VIII of England
He was also a Chancellor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England from October 1529 to 16 May 1532. More also opposed King Henry VIII's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
Thomas Wolsey, Thomas More, Thomas Cromwell, Richard Rich, and Thomas Cranmer all figured prominently in his administration.

John More (judge)

Sir John MoreJohn More
Born on Milk Street in London, on 7 February 1478, Thomas More was the son of Sir John More, a successful lawyer and later a judge, and his wife Agnes (née Graunger).
He was the father of Thomas More, Henry VIII's Lord Chancellor.

Catherine of Aragon

Katherine of AragonQueen CatherineCatharine of Aragon
More also opposed King Henry VIII's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
She was a patron of Renaissance humanism, and a friend of the great scholars Erasmus of Rotterdam and Thomas More.

Pope Pius XI

Pius XIAchille Rattithe Pope
Pope Pius XI canonized More in 1935 as a martyr.
He canonized important saints, including Thomas More, Peter Canisius, Bernadette of Lourdes and Don Bosco.

Utopia (book)

UtopiaDe Optimo Reipublicae Statu deque Nova Insula Utopiaa book with the same name
He wrote Utopia, published in 1516, about the political system of an imaginary, ideal island nation.
Utopia (Libellus vere aureus, nec minus salutaris quam festivus, de optimo rei publicae statu deque nova insula Utopia, "A little, true book, both beneficial and enjoyable, about how things should be in the new island Utopia") is a work of fiction and socio-political satire by Thomas More (1478–1535), written in Latin and published in 1516.

Margaret Roper

MargaretMargaret MoreLady Margaret More
The couple had four children before Jane died in 1511: Margaret, Elizabeth, Cicely, and John.
Roper, the eldest daughter of Sir Thomas More, is considered as one of the most learned women of sixteenth-century England.

Alice More

Alice MiddletonAlice
He chose Alice Middleton, a widow, to head his household and care for his small children.
Alice, Lady More (née Harpur; 1474–1546 or 1551) - also known as Dame Alice Moore - was the second wife of Sir Thomas More, who served as Lord Chancellor of England.

Thomas Linacre

Linacre LinacreLinacre lecturer
Studying under Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn, he became proficient in both Latin and Greek.
Among his pupils was one—Erasmus—whose name alone would suffice to preserve the memory of his instructor in Greek, and others of note in letters and politics, such as Sir Thomas More, Prince Arthur and Queen Mary I of England.

Margaret Clement

Margaret GiggsClement, MargaretClemente, Margaret
More also became the guardian of two young girls: Anne Cresacre would eventually marry his son, John More; and Margaret Giggs (later Clement) would be the only member of his family to witness his execution (she died on the 35th anniversary of that execution, and her daughter married More's nephew William Rastell).
Margaret Clement or Clements (1508–1570), née Giggs, was one of the most educated women of the Tudor era and the foster daughter of Sir Thomas More.

London Charterhouse

CharterhouseCharter HouseSutton's Hospital
Between 1503 and 1504 More lived near the Carthusian monastery outside the walls of London and joined in the monks' spiritual exercises.
Thomas More came to the monastery for spiritual recuperation.

Peter Ackroyd

Ackroyd, PeterBritish authorMr Ackroyd
Peter Ackroyd also lists claims from Foxe's Book of Martyrs and other post-Reformation sources that More "tied heretics to a tree in his Chelsea garden and whipped them", that "he watched as 'newe men' were put upon the rack in the Tower and tortured until they confessed", and that "he was personally responsible for the burning of several of the 'brethren' in Smithfield."
For his novels about English history and culture and his biographies of, among others, William Blake, Charles Dickens, T. S. Eliot, Charles Chaplin and Sir Thomas More, he won the Somerset Maugham Award and two Whitbread Awards.


Protestant Reformationthe ReformationProtestant
More opposed the Protestant Reformation, directing polemics against the theology of Martin Luther, John Calvin and William Tyndale.
There were some notable opponents to the Henrician Reformation, such as Thomas More and Cardinal John Fisher, who were executed for their opposition.

William Tyndale

TyndaleWilliam TindaleTindal
More opposed the Protestant Reformation, directing polemics against the theology of Martin Luther, John Calvin and William Tyndale.
Following the hostile reception of his work by Tunstall, Wolsey and Thomas More in England, Tyndale retreated into hiding in Hamburg and continued working.

Richard Marius

Richard C. Marius
Richard Marius records a similar claim, which tells about James Bainham, and writes that "the story Foxe told of Bainham's whipping and racking at More's hands is universally doubted today".
He was widely published, leaving behind major biographies of Thomas More and Martin Luther, four novels set in his native Tennessee, several books on writing, and a host of scholarly articles for academic journals and mainstream book reviews.

Inns of Court

Inn of CourtInnInns
In 1496, More became a student at Lincoln's Inn, one of the Inns of Court, where he remained until 1502, when he was called to the Bar.
Notable literary figures and playwrights who resided in the Inns of Court include John Donne, Francis Beaumont, John Marston, Thomas Lodge, Thomas Campion, Abraham Fraunce, Sir Philip Sidney, Sir Thomas More, Sir Francis Bacon, and George Gascoigne.

Great Yarmouth (UK Parliament constituency)

Great YarmouthYarmouthGreat Yarmouth (seat 1/2)
In 1504 More was elected to Parliament to represent Great Yarmouth, and in 1510 began representing London.

Sir Thomas More and Family

Cresacre MoreLondon versionthe family of Sir Thomas More
A portrait of More and his family, Sir Thomas More and Family, was painted by Holbein, but it was lost in a fire in the 18th century.

English Reformation

Reformationbreak with RomePre-Reformation
In 1980, More was added to the Church of England's calendar of Saints and Heroes of the Christian Church, despite being a fierce opponent of the English Reformation that created the Church of England.
More respectable and orthodox calls for reform came from Renaissance humanists, such as Erasmus (who lived in England for a time), John Colet, Dean of St Paul's, and Thomas More.

English post-Reformation oaths

Test Oathoath of allegianceoath of royal supremacy
In 1531, a royal decree required the clergy to take an oath acknowledging the King as "Supreme Head" of the Church in England.
We do not know what was its form, when Fisher and Thomas More refused to sign it.


Pope Pius XI canonized More in 1935 as a martyr.

University of Oxford

Oxford UniversityOxfordUniversity
Believing that More had great potential, Morton nominated him for a place at the University of Oxford (either in St. Mary Hall or Canterbury College, both now gone).
The twelve Lord Chancellors and nine Lord Chief Justices that have been educated at Oxford include Thomas Bingham, Stanley Buckmaster, Thomas More, Thomas Wolsey, Gavin Simonds.

James Bainham

During More's chancellorship, six people were burned at the stake for heresy; they were Thomas Hitton, Thomas Bilney, Richard Bayfield, John Tewkesbury, Thomas Dusgate, and James Bainham.
He married the widow of Simon Fish, author of the Supplication of Beggars. In 1531 he was accused of heresy to Sir Thomas More, then Chancellor.

Anne Boleyn

Queen Anne BoleynAnneQueen Anne
In 1533, More refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn as the Queen of England.
An Italian, writing in 1600, suggested that she had been born in 1499, while Sir Thomas More's son-in-law, William Roper, indicated a much later date of 1512.

Oath of Supremacy

SupremacyOathOath of Allegiance
After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and executed.
For example, Sir Thomas More opposed the King's separation from the Roman Catholic Church and refused to accept him as Supreme Head of the Church of England, a title which had been given by parliament through the Act of Supremacy of 1534.


Desiderius ErasmusErasmus of RotterdamErasmian
According to his friend, theologian Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam, More once seriously contemplated abandoning his legal career to become a monk.
His time in England was fruitful in the making of lifelong friendships with the leaders of English thought in the days of King Henry VIII: John Colet, Thomas More, John Fisher, Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn.