Thought

thinkingthoughtsthinkthought processthinkerthinking processthoughtfulHuman thoughtmind and matterthought processes
Thought encompasses an "aim-oriented flow of ideas and associations that can lead to a reality-oriented conclusion".wikipedia
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Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.
Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

Mind

mentalhuman mindmental content
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.
The mind is the set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, imagination, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory, which is housed in the brain (sometimes including the central nervous system).

Consciousness

consciousconsciouslyhuman consciousness
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.
Despite centuries of analyses, definitions, explanations and debates by philosophers and scientists, consciousness remains puzzling and controversial, being “at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives". Perhaps the only widely agreed notion about the topic is the intuition that it exists. Opinions differ about what exactly needs to be studied and explained as consciousness. Sometimes it is synonymous with 'the mind', other times just an aspect of mind. In the past it was one's “inner life”, the world of introspection, of private thought, imagination and volition. Today, with modern research into the brain it often includes any kind of experience, cognition, feeling or perception. It may be ‘awareness’, or 'awareness of awareness’, or self-awareness. There might be different levels or "orders" of consciousness, or different kinds of consciousness, or just one kind with different features.

Mental event

mental phenomenaBrain eventmental events
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.
Examples include thoughts, feelings, decisions, dreams, and realizations.

Mental property

mental properties
Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.
Examples might include general properties, such as being able to think, understand or remember, or more specific actions such as "having a thought about Paris".

Human brain

brainbrain tissuebrains
Neurons are the core components of the brain, the vertebrate spinal cord, the invertebrate ventral nerve cord and the peripheral nerves.
These areas receive input from the sensory areas and lower parts of the brain and are involved in the complex cognitive processes of perception, thought, and decision-making.

Cognitive science

cognitive scientistcognitive sciencescognitive
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.
Researchers such as Marvin Minsky would write computer programs in languages such as LISP to attempt to formally characterize the steps that human beings went through, for instance, in making decisions and solving problems, in the hope of better understanding human thought, and also in the hope of creating artificial minds.

René Descartes

DescartesCartesianRene Descartes
These comprise some of the puzzles that have confronted epistemologists and philosophers of mind from at least the time of René Descartes.
Moreover, in Meditations Descartes discusses a piece of wax and exposes the single most characteristic doctrine of Cartesian dualism: that the universe contained two radically different kinds of substances—the mind or soul defined as thinking, and the body defined as matter and unthinking.

Outline of thought

List of thought processesList of creative thought processesdecision-making
Thought (also called thinking) is the mental process in which beings form psychological associations and models of the world.

Gestalt psychology

GestaltGestalt theoryGestalt psychologist
It had its foundations in the Gestalt psychology of Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Köhler, and Kurt Koffka, and in the work of Jean Piaget, who provided a theory of stages/phases that describes children's cognitive development.
A similar approach has been suggested by physicists David Bohm, Basil Hiley and philosopher Paavo Pylkkänen with the notion that mind and matter both emerge from an "implicate order".

Human

humanshuman beinghuman beings
Although thinking is an activity of an existential value for humans, there is still no consensus as to how it is adequately defined or understood.
In addition to controlling "lower," involuntary, or primarily autonomic activities such as respiration and digestion, it is also the locus of "higher" order functioning such as thought, reasoning, and abstraction.

Idea

brainchildideasconcept
Thought encompasses an "aim-oriented flow of ideas and associations that can lead to a reality-oriented conclusion".

Association (psychology)

associationassociationsassociative
Thought encompasses an "aim-oriented flow of ideas and associations that can lead to a reality-oriented conclusion".

Goal

objectiveobjectivesvision
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science. Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain.

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Neuroscience

neurobiologyneuroscientistneurosciences
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Artificial intelligence

AIA.I.artificially intelligent
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Sociology

sociologistsociologicalsociologists
Because thought underlies many human actions and interactions, understanding its physical and metaphysical origins and its effects has been a longstanding goal of many academic disciplines including philosophy, linguistics, psychology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, biology, sociology and cognitive science.

Conceptual model

modelmodelsschema
Thinking allows humans to make sense of, interpret, represent or model the world they experience, and to make predictions about that world.

Plan

plansroadmapPlanning
It is therefore helpful to an organism with needs, objectives, and desires as it makes plans or otherwise attempts to accomplish those goals.

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The word thought comes from Old English þoht, or geþoht, from stem of þencan "to conceive of in the mind, consider".

Anthropomorphism

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